User:CatCat/links for instrument research
pipe, flute, whistle and recorder:
(what is the difference?) http://www.diabolus.org/guide/recorder.htm
tambour, tambourine, and snaredrum, all this and more!
ngɔni: donso ngɔni, kamalen ngɔni, jeli ngɔni
Depending on the context, ngɔni may refer to one of these three instruments:
- donso ngɔni -- six-stringed lute-harp from Wassoulou, West Africa, traditionally played by hunters
- kamalen ngɔni -- modern derivative of the donso ngɔni, it comes with more strings and/or a different size
- jeli ngɔni -- four-stringed lute from West Africa, traditionally played by griots
Warning, ngoni is often misused to designate any instrument close to one of the above, and conversely!
- A reference book is “Mande Music: Traditional and Modern Music of the Maninka and Mandinka of Western Africa” by Eric Charry which can be partially read (unfortunately not all of chapters 2, 3, and 5) at https://books.google.fr/books?id=_gA9a3qkglwC thanks to https://voyageforum.com/v.f?post=2864337#2864337
- Summary http://www.ngoni.org/info (probably copied by http://yeshe.com.au/about-ngoni/ ) is mostly about the lute-harp (donso ngɔni/kamalen ngɔni) while http://www.coraconnection.com/pages/ngoni.html and http://www.africandrumming.com.au/cart/jeli-n-goni/ are about the lute (jeli ngɔni).
- Interview of a band that gathers both donso ngɔni and jeli ngɔni: https://www.africavivre.com/mali/a-ecouter/albums/bko-quintet-union-inedite-entre-les-cultures-donso-et-djeli-du-mali.html
Pictures and details from an instrument maker:
Illustrated stamps featuring instruments of Mali: https://www.delcampe.net/fr/collections/timbres/musique/mali-0207-a-214-fdcs-8val-instruments-cora-balafon-djembe-guitare-n-djarka-m-bolon-dozo-n-goni-n-tamani-174203699.html