Difference between revisions of "Artist"

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{{DocumentationHeader|Artist|Terminology}}
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An artist is generally a musician (or musician persona), group of musicians, or other music professional (like a producer or engineer).
An artist is generally a musician, group of musicians, a collaboration of multiple musicians or other music professional contributing to the works described in the [[MusicBrainz Database]]. In other words, artists are ''usually'' people who sing or play instruments.
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Occasionally, it can also be a non-musical person (like a photographer, an illustrator, or a poet whose writings are set to music), or even a [[Fictitious_Artist|fictional character]]. For some other special cases, see [[Style/Unknown and untitled/Special purpose artist|special purpose artists]].
 
 
Special cases include [[Fictitious Artist|fictitious artists]], [[Style/Unknown and untitled/Special purpose artist|special purpose artists]] and miscellaneous people such as graphic designers or illustrators that are added to the database an an "artist" in order to credit them for their work.
 
  
 
== Examples ==
 
== Examples ==
 
* [[artist:cc197bad-dc9c-440d-a5b5-d52ba2e14234|Coldplay]]
 
* [[artist:cc197bad-dc9c-440d-a5b5-d52ba2e14234|Coldplay]]
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* [[artist:f90e8b26-9e52-4669-a5c9-e28529c47894|Snoop Dogg]]
 
* [[artist:53b106e7-0cc6-42cc-ac95-ed8d30a3a98e|John Williams]] (soundtrack composer & conductor)
 
* [[artist:53b106e7-0cc6-42cc-ac95-ed8d30a3a98e|John Williams]] (soundtrack composer & conductor)
 
* [[artist:8b8a38a9-a290-4560-84f6-3d4466e8d791|John Williams]] (classical guitar player)
 
* [[artist:8b8a38a9-a290-4560-84f6-3d4466e8d791|John Williams]] (classical guitar player)
 
* [[artist:83d91898-7763-47d7-b03b-b92132375c47|Pink Floyd]]
 
* [[artist:83d91898-7763-47d7-b03b-b92132375c47|Pink Floyd]]
* [[artist:593abf14-4292-4d62-b365-79c7674cd1a5|Randy Jackson]] (brother of Michael and Janet.)
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* [[artist:0b51c328-1f2b-464c-9e2c-0c2a8cce20ae|Seattle Symphony]]
* [[artist:39828c81-cc39-4e8a-8e00-f0874c657d47|Randy Jackson]] (former bassist with Journey and American Idol Judge)
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* [[artist:86437518-fca1-4117-b698-b371b72d76a5|Bill Porter]]
  
 
== Style guidelines ==
 
== Style guidelines ==
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=== Name ===
 
=== Name ===
The [[Artist/Name|artist name]] is the official name of an artist, be it a person or a band. In most cases it's the name as found on the liner.
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The official name of an artist, be it a person or a band.
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=== Sort name ===
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The sort name is a variant of the artist name which would be used when sorting artists by name, such as in record shops or libraries. Among other things, sort names help to ensure that all the artists that start with "The" don't end up up under "T". [[Style/Artist/Sort_Name|The guidelines for sort names]] are the best place to check for more specific usage info.
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=== Type ===
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The type is used to state whether an artist is a person, a group, or something else.
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:;Person
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::This indicates an individual person.
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:;Group
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::This indicates a group of people that may or may not have a distinctive name.  
  
For people, the name can either be a legal name or a performance name. When both are in the database, they can be linked together using the [[rt:dd9886f2-1dfe-4270-97db-283f6839a666|performance name relationship]].
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:;Orchestra
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::This indicates an orchestra (a large instrumental ensemble).
  
;Legal name
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:;Choir
:A legal name is the name of a person as used in official situations such as government dealings. This is usually the name which would be found on a birth certificate, although legal names can be changed, e.g. through marriage or by deed poll. Bands do not have legal names.
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::This indicates a choir/chorus (a large vocal ensemble).
  
;Performance name
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:;Character
:A performance name is an alias used by a person for marketing or other reasons. A person may use several performance names and may also release material under their legal name.
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::This indicates an individual fictional character.
  
=== Sort name ===
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:;Other
The sort name is a variant of the artist name which would be used when sorting artists by name, such as in record shops or libraries. Among other things, sort names help to ensure that all the artists that start with "The" don't end up up under "T".
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::Anything which does not fit into the above categories.
  
=== Type ===
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Note that not every ensemble related to classical music is an orchestra or choir. The [[Artist:598063d1-1fc6-496a-8e91-2c21c38d8c92|Borodin Quartet]] and [[Artist:c8db3d2b-19d8-4dc7-b2cb-deea37aa274a|The Hilliard Ensemble]], for example, are simply groups.
The type is used to explicitly state whether an artist is a person, group, or character. Artists with a known type that does not fit these categories are marked as "Other".
 
  
 
=== Gender ===
 
=== Gender ===
 
The gender is used to explicitly state whether a person or character identifies as male, female or neither. Groups do not have genders.
 
The gender is used to explicitly state whether a person or character identifies as male, female or neither. Groups do not have genders.
  
=== Country ===
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=== Area ===
The artist country, as the name suggests, stores the country with which an artist is primarily identified with. It does not necessarily have to be the birth country.
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The artist area, as the name suggests, indicates the area with which an artist is primarily identified with. It is often, but not always, its birth/formation country.
  
 
=== Begin and end dates ===
 
=== Begin and end dates ===
See the [[Begin and End Dates|page about dates]] for more information.
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The begin and end dates indicate when an artist started and finished its existence. Its exact meaning depends on the type of artist:
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:;For a person:
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::Begin date represents date of birth, and end date represents date of death.
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:;For a group (or orchestra/choir):
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::Begin date represents the date when the group ''first'' formed: if a group dissolved and then reunited, the date is still that of when they first formed. End date represents the date when the group ''last'' dissolved: if a group dissolved and then reunited, the date is that of when they last dissolved (if they are together, it should be blank!). For listing other inactivity periods, just use the [[Annotation|annotation]] and the [[rt:5be4c609-9afa-4ea0-910b-12ffb71e3821|"member of" relationships]].
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:;For a character:
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::Begin date represents the date (in real life) when the character concept was created. The End date should not be set, since new media featuring a character can be created at any time. In particular, the Begin and End date fields should not be used to hold the fictional birth or death dates of a character. (This information can be put in the [[Annotation|annotation]].)
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:;For others:
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::There are no clear indications about how to use dates for artists of the type Other at the moment.
  
 
=== IPI code ===
 
=== IPI code ===
 
An IPI (interested party information) code is an identifying number assigned by the CISAC database for musical rights management. See [[IPI]] for more information, including how to find these codes.
 
An IPI (interested party information) code is an identifying number assigned by the CISAC database for musical rights management. See [[IPI]] for more information, including how to find these codes.
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=== ISNI code ===
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The International Standard Name Identifier for the artist. See [[ISNI]] for more information.
  
 
=== Alias ===
 
=== Alias ===
Aliases are alternate names for an artist, which currently have two main functions: localised names and search hints. Localised names are used to store the official names used in different languages and countries. These use the locale field to identify which language or country the name is for. Search hints are used to help both users and the server when searching and can be a number of things including alternate names, nicknames or even misspellings. For more information and examples, see the [[Style/Artist/Aliases|guidelines for aliases]].
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Aliases are used to store alternate names or misspellings. For more information and examples, see the [[Aliases|page about aliases]].
  
 
=== MBID ===
 
=== MBID ===
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* [[How To Merge Artists|How to merge artists]]
 
* [[How To Merge Artists|How to merge artists]]
  
{{ArtistFooter}}
 
 
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Terminology]] [[Category:Artist]] [[Category:WikiDocs Page]]
 
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Terminology]] [[Category:Artist]] [[Category:WikiDocs Page]]

Latest revision as of 13:09, 20 April 2018

An artist is generally a musician (or musician persona), group of musicians, or other music professional (like a producer or engineer). Occasionally, it can also be a non-musical person (like a photographer, an illustrator, or a poet whose writings are set to music), or even a fictional character. For some other special cases, see special purpose artists.

Examples

Style guidelines

Please see the guidelines for artists.

Artist properties

Name

The official name of an artist, be it a person or a band.

Sort name

The sort name is a variant of the artist name which would be used when sorting artists by name, such as in record shops or libraries. Among other things, sort names help to ensure that all the artists that start with "The" don't end up up under "T". The guidelines for sort names are the best place to check for more specific usage info.

Type

The type is used to state whether an artist is a person, a group, or something else.

Person
This indicates an individual person.
Group
This indicates a group of people that may or may not have a distinctive name.
Orchestra
This indicates an orchestra (a large instrumental ensemble).
Choir
This indicates a choir/chorus (a large vocal ensemble).
Character
This indicates an individual fictional character.
Other
Anything which does not fit into the above categories.

Note that not every ensemble related to classical music is an orchestra or choir. The Borodin Quartet and The Hilliard Ensemble, for example, are simply groups.

Gender

The gender is used to explicitly state whether a person or character identifies as male, female or neither. Groups do not have genders.

Area

The artist area, as the name suggests, indicates the area with which an artist is primarily identified with. It is often, but not always, its birth/formation country.

Begin and end dates

The begin and end dates indicate when an artist started and finished its existence. Its exact meaning depends on the type of artist:

For a person
Begin date represents date of birth, and end date represents date of death.
For a group (or orchestra/choir)
Begin date represents the date when the group first formed: if a group dissolved and then reunited, the date is still that of when they first formed. End date represents the date when the group last dissolved: if a group dissolved and then reunited, the date is that of when they last dissolved (if they are together, it should be blank!). For listing other inactivity periods, just use the annotation and the "member of" relationships.
For a character
Begin date represents the date (in real life) when the character concept was created. The End date should not be set, since new media featuring a character can be created at any time. In particular, the Begin and End date fields should not be used to hold the fictional birth or death dates of a character. (This information can be put in the annotation.)
For others
There are no clear indications about how to use dates for artists of the type Other at the moment.

IPI code

An IPI (interested party information) code is an identifying number assigned by the CISAC database for musical rights management. See IPI for more information, including how to find these codes.

ISNI code

The International Standard Name Identifier for the artist. See ISNI for more information.

Alias

Aliases are used to store alternate names or misspellings. For more information and examples, see the page about aliases.

MBID

See the page about MBIDs for more information.

Disambiguation comment

See the page about comments for more information.

Annotation

See the page about annotations for more information.

Additional information