History:CSGv2: Proposal Overview
The Release Language setting for a release should reflect the language used for the track titles. It does not reflect the language spoken or sung on the release, nor any of the specific languages found on the liner for any given release of the same recording.
Track and Recording Artist
Track and Recording Title
- How to format the titles of tracks and recordings
- The Classical Style Guidelines: CSG for Recordings: Track and Recording Artist
Note: This is an advanced guideline. Typically, only editors who specialize in working on classical releases will need this guideline.
Classical Work Title Style defines the title framework for forming work titles for classical.
Please note that existing CSGStandard Project works lists are linked via CSG Standard.
What Advanced Relationships (ARs) ought to always be set for a classical release, track, or work
When adding a classical release, you are encouraged, as always, to set all ARs possible. However, even if you don't set any other ARs, we do ask that you always set the performer and conductor ARs for each track. If a release you are adding includes arrangements of classical works, please also always set the arranger AR.
While there will always be those ARs which do belong at the release level, performer, composer, conductor, chorus master, and other related ARs should always be set at the track level if you have sufficient data to be able to be that specific. If an artist performs on all tracks, please set such ARs on all tracks rather than just setting a single AR for the release.
Reasoning: For any given classical release, it is quite likely that there are several other releases containing the same works in the same order; if these basic ARs are not set, the release is essentially a 'blank' listing. Such unidentified 'blank' listings have a bad tendency to become full of PUIDs, TRMs, CD TOCs, and other data from a range of unrelated releases. Setting these basic identifying ARs allows the users of the database to identify that the releaser you are adding is not, in fact, the one that they want, both avoiding inaccurate data being added, and potentially leading to more releases being added, both of which benefit the data-health of the database.
Who is considered a “classical” composer?
'Classical music' is a broad term that encompasses a broad period from roughly the 9th century through to the present day. Depending upon the particular culture, classical music can be ecclesiastical, instrumental, orchestral — even electronic. To then attempt to define just what classical music is, or to define a 'classical composer', would invariably include artists who ought to be excluded, and exclude artists who ought to be included.
For our purposes, however, one possible way to determine the answer for a given composition or composer is to question which artist is the principal artist for a work. People listen to The Rolling Stones without much care for who composed the songs. With classical music, though Glenn Gould or Hilary Hahn certainly is important to the performance of the work, the composer of the music being performed is of at least co-equal importance, such that the composer, and not the performer, is the principal artist. Though no list of all classical composers could ever be considered to be complete, we do maintain a partial list of classical composers.
Given the breadth of composers and compositions contained within the sphere of classical music, no one guideline can be said to apply equally to all works. It is quite possible that CSG 'composer as artist' style might apply, while CSG release titling or work titling guidelines do not. This is most frequently true of modern / experimental classical composers such as Steve Reich and John Cage, soundtrack and score composers such as Michael Nyman, Ennio Morricone, and John Williams, and composers of music for professional use such as Jeffrey Fayman and Yoav Goren. However, just because all aspects of CSG may not always apply to works for any given composer, there will always be those exceptions where even works by these composers are subject to all aspects of CSG.
The Classical Style Guideline (CSG) for artists began in a discussion on the users mailing list in January of 2004. The Classical Style Guidelines for release titles and track titles began as suggestions within that discussion. CSG continued to develop through December of 2006, when the basic guidelines were locked down as official. Throughout 2007, various discussions on more obscure areas of CSG took place in all possible discussion areas of MusicBrainz. However, these guidelines had several principal problems: they were difficult to interpret, vague in many respects, and every new release entered required the editor to reapply CSG to recreate the correct CSG title. Due to these problems, titles created using CSG varied widely, and classical releases required large amounts of time to enter.
Beginning in early 2008, CSG was reexamined for revision by the Style Council. At that point, CSG had become nearly impossible to actually use, due to the number of unofficial CSG-related guidelines - only a few ever actually documented - which were the result of thousands of edits attempting to interpret CSG. The new version of CSG was intended to solve the problems of the earlier CSG: easier to use on a daily basis, clear and specific in its guidance, and consistent in the titles created using the guidelines, regardless of who was the editor.
From these discussions, the new Classical Style Guidelines (CSGv2) were developed. These new guidelines removed much of the difficulty in using the classical style guidelines. Classical Style Guideline for Releases and Release Groups allows for clarity in titling releases and release groups, Classical Style Guideline for Recordings now keeps titles much closer to what appears on the liner for any given release, and Classical Style Guideline for Works, while by far the most complex style guideline ever created, provides a detailed framework by which any classical composition may be consistently titled. The Classical Style Guideline for Works is complex, but it need only be used once for any given work, and thus is a huge improvement over the original CSG.