Difference between revisions of "History:Classical Release Artist Style"

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In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]], with each [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] assigned to the appropriate composer.  
 
In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]], with each [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] assigned to the appropriate composer.  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Examples: [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/8e18c6f3-cdec-4f60-a2bc-e5105c9edbf9.html Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)] [http://musicbrainz.org/release/d2a0f1ed-87da-4838-9d4c-5c5bfcf99ef0.html Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)]  [http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a2a7a1-e8a9-4010-b238-d3d2382cec51.html Passion of Callas (disc 1)] However, on a release like [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby)] there is no clear choice for primary performer. (Also, the release emphasizes the contents rather than the performer.) It must remain under [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]].   
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<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Examples: [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/8e18c6f3-cdec-4f60-a2bc-e5105c9edbf9.html Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)] [http://musicbrainz.org/release/d2a0f1ed-87da-4838-9d4c-5c5bfcf99ef0.html Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)]  [http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a2a7a1-e8a9-4010-b238-d3d2382cec51.html Passion of Callas (disc 1)] However, on a release like [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby)] there is no clear choice for primary performer.  It must remain under [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]].   
 
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Important notes: Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.") Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)  
 
Important notes: Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.") Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)  
 
=="Selections" or "Highlights"==
 
 
In addition, releases which feature a single group or performer and contain "selections" or "highlights" (pieces that are not present in their complete form) from ''a single composer'' may be entered with the performer as [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] (and the composer as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]].)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[http://musicbrainz.org/release/60b7de8d-da8a-4b89-bed0-d7817feb3470.html Arias] Callas sings only Puccini --> [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] = Callas [http://musicbrainz.org/album/a887d363-1eb7-4738-9b3a-fbcd71bdb059.html Kathleen Battle Sings Mozart] --> [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] = Mozart (this is disputed and should probably be an optional clause in the RFV)
 
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==Classical "Covers"==
 
==Classical "Covers"==
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In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style.  However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be  
 
In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style.  However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be  
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">J.S. Bach's [http://musicbrainz.org/release/638b0628-ec96-4654-9eb9-b79588d1c886.html Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer)].  Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].  
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">J.S. Bach's [http://musicbrainz.org/release/638b0628-ec96-4654-9eb9-b79588d1c886.html Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer)].  Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Maybe what you are discussing here are the "transcriptions" a common classical pratice: typical some orchestral or opera work are adapted for a solo instruments like piano or violin. In your example it's not given that Joshua Bell is the "arranger", maybe he just pick from the bunch of transcriptions lying around in years. He surely is the performer. IMHO here composer should not be [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] since the result is different form what he composed. -- [[User:ClutchEr2|ClutchEr2]]
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Yeah, that's an excellent point.  AFAIK a "transcription" would be when all of the notes are preserved and basically the instrumentation is changed, an "arrangement" when more aggressive alterations are made.  However, since these are still very faithful renditions I think it is reasonable to still credit the original composer as [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]].  We should find some example with a decent "arranger" credit just to show it, but I think you are right that often these will be anonymous transcriptions. (J.S. Bach transcribed for Bass is inserted, for lack of a better one.  An arrangement/transcription that is plopped in the middle of an otherwise straightforward recital be an even better example.) - bklynd
 
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<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[http://musicbrainz.org/release/7c01c281-4c46-4113-9d98-58d904637372.html Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern] should be entered with Schubert as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]], and connected to Webern via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/911dbaa2-83c7-4925-ac82-4e4a88fc1a83.html Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling"] should be entered with [trad.] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and connected to Britten via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f0c80d6c-edb0-40d7-87c3-0cc6c9ffeed7.html Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)]   
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[http://musicbrainz.org/release/7c01c281-4c46-4113-9d98-58d904637372.html Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern] should be entered with Schubert as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]], and connected to Webern via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/911dbaa2-83c7-4925-ac82-4e4a88fc1a83.html Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling"] should be entered with [trad.] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and connected to Britten via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f0c80d6c-edb0-40d7-87c3-0cc6c9ffeed7.html Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)]   
 
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==More Temporary Examples==
 
 
Rather than these various and somewhat difficult to interpret conditions, perhaps we would be better off illustrating the distinction with a batch of examples.  With any luck looking at those would let people calibrate their intuitive notion of whether the disc is "about the composer" or "about the performer".
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html] would not qualify, because it is not "about the performer". This collection of Masses should correctly remain under [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]].
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/ffe54355-eaa6-4bf2-ae26-52ff652a4b03.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/ffe54355-eaa6-4bf2-ae26-52ff652a4b03.html] should be listed under the performer
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/29bec347-00f6-405c-978e-bd4d65f1b89c.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/29bec347-00f6-405c-978e-bd4d65f1b89c.html] is a border case which we should decide one way or another before this becomes an official guideline.
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0212b044-3497-426e-9afd-52bc5e76bbae.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/0212b044-3497-426e-9afd-52bc5e76bbae.html] is an example of case (3). The music is untouched but Peter Schickele adds a narration.
 
  
 
===References===
 
===References===

Revision as of 15:40, 13 October 2006

Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases

The ClassicalStyleGuide states that the ReleaseArtist of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) VariousArtists. However, we make the following exceptions:

Mixed recitals by a performer or group

In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the ReleaseArtist, with each TrackArtist assigned to the appropriate composer.

Important notes: Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.") Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)

Classical "Covers"

In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated both as ReleaseArtist and TrackArtist. The composer(s) should be attributed only by AdvancedRelationships of the ComposerRelationshipType either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).

(Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers")

In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style. However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be

Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:

References