Difference between revisions of "History:Classical Release Artist Style"

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=Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases=
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<small>[[Style Guideline]] > [[Classical Style Guide]] > Classical Release Artist Style </small>
  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[[Image:Alert.png]] '''Status:''' ''This is a [[Proposed Style Guideline|ProposedStyleGuideline]], which has not been sanctioned yet.'' [[Image:Attention.png]] ''This [[Style Guideline|StyleGuideline]] applies to [[Classical Style Guide| classical music]] only. For popular music see the [[Release Artist Style|ReleaseArtistStyle]].''
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== Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases ==
</ul>
 
  
The [[Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuide]] states that the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]].  However, we make the following exceptions:  
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[[Image:Alert.png]] '''This is work in progress and not official.'''
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This page contains the latest (but not always official) evolutions of the Classical Release Artist Style. The currently official version of Classical Release Artist Style is located at http://musicbrainz.org/doc/Classical_Release_Artist_Style.''
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[[Image:Attention.png]] '''This [[Style Guideline|style guideline]] applies to [[Classical Style Guide|classical music]] only. For popular music see the [[Release Artist Style|release artist style]].'''
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The [[Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuide]] states that the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]], '''never''' the performer.  However, we make the following exceptions:  
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* Mixed recitals by a performer or group
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* Classical "Covers"
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** No exception is made for Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers"
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This is an [[Official Style Guideline|official style guideline]].
  
 
==Mixed recitals by a performer or group==
 
==Mixed recitals by a performer or group==
  
 
In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]], with each [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] assigned to the appropriate composer.  
 
In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]], with each [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] assigned to the appropriate composer.  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Examples: [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/8e18c6f3-cdec-4f60-a2bc-e5105c9edbf9.html Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)] [http://musicbrainz.org/release/d2a0f1ed-87da-4838-9d4c-5c5bfcf99ef0.html Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)]  [http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a2a7a1-e8a9-4010-b238-d3d2382cec51.html Passion of Callas (disc 1)] However, on a release like [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby)] there is no clear choice for primary performer.  (Also, the release emphasizes the contents rather than the performer.)  It must remain under [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]]. 
 
</ul>
 
  
Important notes: Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.") Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)
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; Examples
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/8e18c6f3-cdec-4f60-a2bc-e5105c9edbf9.html Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)]
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/d2a0f1ed-87da-4838-9d4c-5c5bfcf99ef0.html Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)]
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a2a7a1-e8a9-4010-b238-d3d2382cec51.html Passion of Callas (disc 1)]
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: However, on a release like [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby)] there is no clear choice for primary performer.  It must remain under [[Various Artists|various artists]].  
  
=="Selections" or "Highlights"==
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'''Important notes:'''
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# Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.")
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# Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)
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# This recital style does not apply to releases with works by only one composer (such as [http://musicbrainz.org/release/a8e3a35f-6046-4b23-a98e-b6fd01244ebf.html Sole e Amore (Kiri Te Kanawa)]), however much they might emphasize the performer.
  
In addition, releases which feature a single group or performer and contain "selections" or "highlights" (pieces that are not present in their complete form) from ''a single composer'' may be entered with the performer as [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] (and the composer as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]].)
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== Classical "Covers" ==
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[http://musicbrainz.org/release/60b7de8d-da8a-4b89-bed0-d7817feb3470.html Arias] Callas sings only Puccini --> [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] = Callas [http://musicbrainz.org/album/a887d363-1eb7-4738-9b3a-fbcd71bdb059.html Kathleen Battle Sings Mozart] --> [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] = Mozart (this is disputed and should probably be an optional clause in the RFV)
 
</ul>
 
  
==Classical "Covers"==
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In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]].  The composer(s) should be attributed only by [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]] of the [[Composer Relationship Type|ComposerRelationshipType]] either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).
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; Examples
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f264b968-4e65-4b6c-8cbb-340f13cc77c0.html Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion]
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/4bf341d5-f1f9-421a-ba45-d927965ca209.html Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1]
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: [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/d744cca0-6f43-4855-a3dd-83c512285493.html William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style]
  
In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated both as [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] and [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]].  The composer(s) should be attributed only by [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]] of the [[Composer Relationship Type|ComposerRelationshipType]] either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).
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== Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers" ==
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Example: [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f264b968-4e65-4b6c-8cbb-340f13cc77c0.html Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion] [http://musicbrainz.org/release/4bf341d5-f1f9-421a-ba45-d927965ca209.html Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1]
 
</ul>
 
  
==(Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers")==
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In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style.  However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be  
 
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: J.S. Bach's [http://musicbrainz.org/release/638b0628-ec96-4654-9eb9-b79588d1c886.html Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer)]. Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].  
In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style.  However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be  
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[Composer's] [Piece] from [Album (feat. Performer)]. Here one would credit [Composer] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and indicate [Performer's] arrangement with an [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. - ''We need a good example that is already edited the way we would like.  I don't seem to actually own one (and thus don't have access to a rock-solid arranger credit).  Here is [http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a1dc5d-d6e2-4e49-b477-4910169eb023.html a disk full of good examples], but we'd want the arranger credits to be in there.'' - '''bklynd'''
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Maybe what you are discussing here are the "transcriptions" a common classical pratice: typical some orchestral or opera work are adapted for a solo instruments like piano or violin. In your example it's not given that Joshua Bell is the "arranger", maybe he just pick from the bunch of transcriptions lying around in years. He surely is the performer. IMHO here composer should not be [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] since the result is different form what he composed. -- [[User:ClutchEr2|ClutchEr2]]
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
  
 
Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:  
 
Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[http://musicbrainz.org/release/7c01c281-4c46-4113-9d98-58d904637372.html Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern] should be entered with Schubert as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]], and connected to Webern via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/911dbaa2-83c7-4925-ac82-4e4a88fc1a83.html Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling"] should be entered with [trad.] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and connected to Britten via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f0c80d6c-edb0-40d7-87c3-0cc6c9ffeed7.html Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)]
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/7c01c281-4c46-4113-9d98-58d904637372.html Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern] should be entered with Schubert as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]], and connected to Webern via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/911dbaa2-83c7-4925-ac82-4e4a88fc1a83.html Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling"] should be entered with [trad.] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and connected to Britten via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f0c80d6c-edb0-40d7-87c3-0cc6c9ffeed7.html Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)].
</ul>
 
 
 
==More Temporary Examples==
 
 
 
Rather than these various and somewhat difficult to interpret conditions, perhaps we would be better off illustrating the distinction with a batch of examples.  With any luck looking at those would let people calibrate their intuitive notion of whether the disc is "about the composer" or "about the performer".
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html] would not qualify, because it is not "about the performer". This collection of Masses should correctly remain under [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]].
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/ffe54355-eaa6-4bf2-ae26-52ff652a4b03.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/ffe54355-eaa6-4bf2-ae26-52ff652a4b03.html] should be listed under the performer
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/29bec347-00f6-405c-978e-bd4d65f1b89c.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/29bec347-00f6-405c-978e-bd4d65f1b89c.html] is a border case which we should decide one way or another before this becomes an official guideline.
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0212b044-3497-426e-9afd-52bc5e76bbae.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/0212b044-3497-426e-9afd-52bc5e76bbae.html] is an example of case (3). The music is untouched but Peter Schickele adds a narration.  
 
  
===References===
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== References ==
  
 
* [http://lists.musicbrainz.org/pipermail/musicbrainz-style/2006-January/thread.html#1371 mailing list discussion]  
 
* [http://lists.musicbrainz.org/pipermail/musicbrainz-style/2006-January/thread.html#1371 mailing list discussion]  

Latest revision as of 21:44, 22 March 2012

Style Guideline > Classical Style Guide > Classical Release Artist Style

Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases

Alert.png This is work in progress and not official.

This page contains the latest (but not always official) evolutions of the Classical Release Artist Style. The currently official version of Classical Release Artist Style is located at http://musicbrainz.org/doc/Classical_Release_Artist_Style.

Attention.png This style guideline applies to classical music only. For popular music see the release artist style.

The ClassicalStyleGuide states that the ReleaseArtist of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) VariousArtists, never the performer. However, we make the following exceptions:

  • Mixed recitals by a performer or group
  • Classical "Covers"
    • No exception is made for Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers"

This is an official style guideline.

Mixed recitals by a performer or group

In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the ReleaseArtist, with each TrackArtist assigned to the appropriate composer.

Examples
Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)
Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)
Passion of Callas (disc 1)
However, on a release like 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby) there is no clear choice for primary performer. It must remain under various artists.

Important notes:

  1. Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.")
  2. Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)
  3. This recital style does not apply to releases with works by only one composer (such as Sole e Amore (Kiri Te Kanawa)), however much they might emphasize the performer.

Classical "Covers"

In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as ReleaseArtist. The composer(s) should be attributed only by AdvancedRelationships of the ComposerRelationshipType either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).

Examples
Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion
Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1
William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style

Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers"

In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style. However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be

J.S. Bach's Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer). Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an ArrangerRelationshipType.

Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:

Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern should be entered with Schubert as the TrackArtist, and connected to Webern via the ArrangerRelationshipType. Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling" should be entered with [trad.] as the TrackArtist and connected to Britten via the ArrangerRelationshipType. Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould).

References