Difference between revisions of "History:Classical Release Artist Style"

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=Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases=
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<small>[[Style Guideline]] > [[Classical Style Guide]] > Classical Release Artist Style </small>
  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[[Image:Alert.png]] '''Status:''' ''This is a [[Proposed Style Guideline|ProposedStyleGuideline]], which has not been sanctioned yet.'' [[Image:Attention.png]] ''This [[Style Guideline|StyleGuideline]] applies to [[Classical Style Guide| classical music]] only. For popular music see the [[Release Artist Style|ReleaseArtistStyle]].''
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== Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases ==
</ul>
 
  
The [[Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuide]] states that the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] of a classical [[Release]] should always be the composer. We make an exception with recitals by a single performer:
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[[Image:Alert.png]] '''This is work in progress and not official.'''
  
In cases where a release contains only work(s) performed primarily by a single group or individual, e.g
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This page contains the latest (but not always official) evolutions of the Classical Release Artist Style. The currently official version of Classical Release Artist Style is located at http://musicbrainz.org/doc/Classical_Release_Artist_Style.''
* it is "about the performer" rather than "about the composer", or
 
* it can be attributed to a single performer or group, or
 
* the performer is credited prominently on the release,
 
  
that artist may be used as the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] if any one of the following conditions is met:
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[[Image:Attention.png]] '''This [[Style Guideline|style guideline]] applies to [[Classical Style Guide|classical music]] only. For popular music see the [[Release Artist Style|release artist style]].'''
# The works are composed by different composers, and the album would otherwise be attributed to [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]]  
 
# The tracks on the release, while all composed by one composer, are parts of multiple works, several of which are not present in their complete form or are drawn from different groups ("selections" or "highlights")
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[[Image:Attention.png]] This condition is explicitily disputed. See discussion on mb-style whether these should remain under the composer.
 
</ul>
 
# The work(s) have all been arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">I appreciate the incorporation of some of my suggested language, but now the structure is getting tortuous.  (In cases where ABC you can do this if 123.)  2 is disputed and may not pass, and 3 has also been discussed as "classical covers" - people seem to like that conceptual label.  (As a matter of fact, it suddenly seems to me like a "classical covers" record does not deserve to be called a "recital.")  So maybe a totally new draft will eventually just focus on 1, more like my original draft. - [[bklynd]]  
 
</ul>
 
  
In the first case, the album should be entered with
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The [[Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuide]] states that the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]], '''never''' the performer. However, we make the following exceptions:
* the composers as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]]<code><nowiki></nowiki></code>s for each of the tracks (unless the third case applies)  
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* Mixed recitals by a performer or group
* the performer as the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]].  
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* Classical "Covers"
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** No exception is made for Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers"
  
In the second case, the album should be entered with
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This is an [[Official Style Guideline|official style guideline]].  
* the composer as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] for each of the tracks (unless the third case applies)
 
* the performer as the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]].  
 
  
In the third case, the [[Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuide]] does not really apply. The album should be entered as a single artist release with
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==Mixed recitals by a performer or group==
* the performer as the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]]
 
* the composer(s) should be attributed only by [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]] of the [[Composer Relationship Type|ComposerRelationshipType]] either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).
 
  
==Details==
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In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]], with each [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] assigned to the appropriate composer.
  
Do not create new [[Artist]]s for collaborations that are not otherwise referred to (e.g. by other releases or [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]]) such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic."!
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; Examples
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/8e18c6f3-cdec-4f60-a2bc-e5105c9edbf9.html Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)]
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/d2a0f1ed-87da-4838-9d4c-5c5bfcf99ef0.html Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)]
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: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a2a7a1-e8a9-4010-b238-d3d2382cec51.html Passion of Callas (disc 1)]  
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: However, on a release like [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby)] there is no clear choice for primary performer. It must remain under [[Various Artists|various artists]].  
  
==Examples==
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'''Important notes:'''
 +
# Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.")
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# Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)
 +
# This recital style does not apply to releases with works by only one composer (such as [http://musicbrainz.org/release/a8e3a35f-6046-4b23-a98e-b6fd01244ebf.html Sole e Amore (Kiri Te Kanawa)]), however much they might emphasize the performer.
  
Rather than these various and somewhat difficult to interpret conditions, perhaps we would be better off illustrating the distinction with a batch of examples.  With any luck looking at those would let people calibrate their intuitive notion of whether the disc is "about the composer" or "about the performer".
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== Classical "Covers" ==
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html] would not qualify, because it is not "about the performer". This collection of Masses should correctly remain under [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]].
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html] should be Various Artists
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/ffe54355-eaa6-4bf2-ae26-52ff652a4b03.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/ffe54355-eaa6-4bf2-ae26-52ff652a4b03.html] should be listed under the performer
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/29bec347-00f6-405c-978e-bd4d65f1b89c.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/29bec347-00f6-405c-978e-bd4d65f1b89c.html] is a border case which we should decide one way or another before this becomes an official guideline.
 
* [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0212b044-3497-426e-9afd-52bc5e76bbae.html http://musicbrainz.org/album/0212b044-3497-426e-9afd-52bc5e76bbae.html] is an example of case (3). The music is untouched but Peter Schickele adds a narration.
 
  
===References===
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In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]].  The composer(s) should be attributed only by [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]] of the [[Composer Relationship Type|ComposerRelationshipType]] either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).
 +
; Examples
 +
: [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f264b968-4e65-4b6c-8cbb-340f13cc77c0.html Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion]
 +
: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/4bf341d5-f1f9-421a-ba45-d927965ca209.html Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1]
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: [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/d744cca0-6f43-4855-a3dd-83c512285493.html William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style]
 +
 
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== Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers" ==
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In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style.  However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be
 +
: J.S. Bach's [http://musicbrainz.org/release/638b0628-ec96-4654-9eb9-b79588d1c886.html Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer)].  Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].
 +
 
 +
Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:
 +
: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/7c01c281-4c46-4113-9d98-58d904637372.html Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern] should be entered with Schubert as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]], and connected to Webern via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/911dbaa2-83c7-4925-ac82-4e4a88fc1a83.html Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling"] should be entered with [trad.] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and connected to Britten via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f0c80d6c-edb0-40d7-87c3-0cc6c9ffeed7.html Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)].
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== References ==
  
 
* [http://lists.musicbrainz.org/pipermail/musicbrainz-style/2006-January/thread.html#1371 mailing list discussion]  
 
* [http://lists.musicbrainz.org/pipermail/musicbrainz-style/2006-January/thread.html#1371 mailing list discussion]  

Latest revision as of 21:44, 22 March 2012

Style Guideline > Classical Style Guide > Classical Release Artist Style

Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases

Alert.png This is work in progress and not official.

This page contains the latest (but not always official) evolutions of the Classical Release Artist Style. The currently official version of Classical Release Artist Style is located at http://musicbrainz.org/doc/Classical_Release_Artist_Style.

Attention.png This style guideline applies to classical music only. For popular music see the release artist style.

The ClassicalStyleGuide states that the ReleaseArtist of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) VariousArtists, never the performer. However, we make the following exceptions:

  • Mixed recitals by a performer or group
  • Classical "Covers"
    • No exception is made for Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers"

This is an official style guideline.

Mixed recitals by a performer or group

In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the ReleaseArtist, with each TrackArtist assigned to the appropriate composer.

Examples
Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)
Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)
Passion of Callas (disc 1)
However, on a release like 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby) there is no clear choice for primary performer. It must remain under various artists.

Important notes:

  1. Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.")
  2. Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)
  3. This recital style does not apply to releases with works by only one composer (such as Sole e Amore (Kiri Te Kanawa)), however much they might emphasize the performer.

Classical "Covers"

In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as ReleaseArtist. The composer(s) should be attributed only by AdvancedRelationships of the ComposerRelationshipType either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).

Examples
Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion
Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1
William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style

Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers"

In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style. However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be

J.S. Bach's Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer). Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an ArrangerRelationshipType.

Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:

Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern should be entered with Schubert as the TrackArtist, and connected to Webern via the ArrangerRelationshipType. Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling" should be entered with [trad.] as the TrackArtist and connected to Britten via the ArrangerRelationshipType. Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould).

References