Difference between revisions of "History:Classical Release Artist Style"

From MusicBrainz Wiki
m (3 revision(s))
(Mediawiki version of the MoinMoin transcluded version)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
{{Status|''This is the currently official version of the Classical Release Artist Style. See the [http://wiki.musicbrainz.org/ClassicalReleaseArtistStyle Wiki Page] for the latest (but not always official) evolutions of this page.''}}
 +
 
<small>[[Style Guideline]] > [[Classical Style Guide]] > Classical Release Artist Style </small>  
 
<small>[[Style Guideline]] > [[Classical Style Guide]] > Classical Release Artist Style </small>  
  
'''''Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases'''''
+
==Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases==
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[[Image:Alert.png]] '' '''This is work in progress and not official.''' This page contains the latest (but not always official) evolutions of the Classical Release Artist Style. The currently official version of Classical Release Artist Style is located at [http://musicbrainz.org/doc/ClassicalReleaseArtistStyle http://musicbrainz.org/doc/ClassicalReleaseArtistStyle].'' [[Image:Attention.png]] ''This [[Style Guideline|StyleGuideline]] applies to [[Classical Style Guide| classical music]] only. For popular music see the [[Release Artist Style|ReleaseArtistStyle]].''
 
</ul>
 
  
The [[Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuide]] states that the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]], '''never''' the performer.  However, we make the following exceptions:
+
[[Image:Attention.png]] ''This [[Style Guideline]] applies to [[Classical Style Guide|classical music]] only. For popular music see the [[Release Artist Style]].''
* [[Classical Release Artist Style#recitals|Mixed recitals by a performer or group]]  
 
* [[Classical Release Artist Style#covers|Classical "Covers"]]  
 
* [[Classical Release Artist Style#nocovers|(No exception made for Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers")]]  
 
  
This is an [[Official Style Guideline|OfficialStyleGuideline]].  
+
The [[Classical Style Guide]] states that the [[Release Artist]] of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) [[Various Artists]], '''never''' the performer.  However, we make the following exceptions:
 +
* Mixed recitals by a performer or group [[Classical Release Artist Style#recitals|v]]
 +
* Classical "Covers" [[Classical Release Artist Style#covers|v]]
 +
* (No exception made for Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers") [[Classical Release Artist Style#nocovers|v]]
 +
 
 +
This is an [[Official Style Guideline]].  
  
 
<span id="recitals"></span>  
 
<span id="recitals"></span>  
Line 16: Line 18:
  
 
In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]], with each [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] assigned to the appropriate composer.  
 
In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]], with each [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] assigned to the appropriate composer.  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Examples: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/8e18c6f3-cdec-4f60-a2bc-e5105c9edbf9.html Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)] [http://musicbrainz.org/release/d2a0f1ed-87da-4838-9d4c-5c5bfcf99ef0.html Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)] [http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a2a7a1-e8a9-4010-b238-d3d2382cec51.html Passion of Callas (disc 1)] However, on a release like [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby)] there is no clear choice for primary performer.  It must remain under [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]].  
+
;Examples:  
</ul>
+
:[http://musicbrainz.org/release/8e18c6f3-cdec-4f60-a2bc-e5105c9edbf9.html Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)]  
 +
:[http://musicbrainz.org/release/d2a0f1ed-87da-4838-9d4c-5c5bfcf99ef0.html Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)]  
 +
:[http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a2a7a1-e8a9-4010-b238-d3d2382cec51.html Passion of Callas (disc 1)]  
 +
:However, on a release like [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby)] there is no clear choice for primary performer.  It must remain under [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]].  
  
 
'''Important notes:'''  
 
'''Important notes:'''  
Line 28: Line 33:
  
 
In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]].  The composer(s) should be attributed only by [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]] of the [[Composer Relationship Type|ComposerRelationshipType]] either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).  
 
In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]].  The composer(s) should be attributed only by [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]] of the [[Composer Relationship Type|ComposerRelationshipType]] either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Examples: [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f264b968-4e65-4b6c-8cbb-340f13cc77c0.html Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion] [http://musicbrainz.org/release/4bf341d5-f1f9-421a-ba45-d927965ca209.html Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1] [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/d744cca0-6f43-4855-a3dd-83c512285493.html William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style]  
+
;Examples:  
</ul>
+
:[http://musicbrainz.org/release/f264b968-4e65-4b6c-8cbb-340f13cc77c0.html Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion]  
 +
:[http://musicbrainz.org/release/4bf341d5-f1f9-421a-ba45-d927965ca209.html Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1]  
 +
:[http://musicbrainz.org/release/d744cca0-6f43-4855-a3dd-83c512285493.html William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style]  
  
 
<span id="nocovers"></span>  
 
<span id="nocovers"></span>  
Line 35: Line 42:
  
 
In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style.  However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be  
 
In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style.  However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">J.S. Bach's [http://musicbrainz.org/release/638b0628-ec96-4654-9eb9-b79588d1c886.html Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer)].  Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].  
+
:J.S. Bach's [http://musicbrainz.org/release/638b0628-ec96-4654-9eb9-b79588d1c886.html Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer)].  Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].  
</ul>
 
  
 
Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:  
 
Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[http://musicbrainz.org/release/7c01c281-4c46-4113-9d98-58d904637372.html Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern] should be entered with Schubert as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]], and connected to Webern via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/911dbaa2-83c7-4925-ac82-4e4a88fc1a83.html Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling"] should be entered with [trad.] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and connected to Britten via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f0c80d6c-edb0-40d7-87c3-0cc6c9ffeed7.html Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)]  
+
:[http://musicbrainz.org/release/7c01c281-4c46-4113-9d98-58d904637372.html Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern] should be entered with Schubert as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]], and connected to Webern via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].  
</ul>
+
:[http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/911dbaa2-83c7-4925-ac82-4e4a88fc1a83.html Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling"] should be entered with [trad.] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and connected to Britten via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].  
 
+
:[http://musicbrainz.org/album/f0c80d6c-edb0-40d7-87c3-0cc6c9ffeed7.html Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)]  
----
 
 
 
 
  
 
===References===
 
===References===
  
 
* [http://lists.musicbrainz.org/pipermail/musicbrainz-style/2006-January/thread.html#1371 mailing list discussion]  
 
* [http://lists.musicbrainz.org/pipermail/musicbrainz-style/2006-January/thread.html#1371 mailing list discussion]  
 
 
* [[Talk:Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuideDiscussion]]  
 
* [[Talk:Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuideDiscussion]]  
  
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Style]]
+
[[Category:Style]]

Revision as of 13:09, 21 May 2009

Status: This is the currently official version of the Classical Release Artist Style. See the Wiki Page for the latest (but not always official) evolutions of this page.

Style Guideline > Classical Style Guide > Classical Release Artist Style

Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases

Attention.png This Style Guideline applies to classical music only. For popular music see the Release Artist Style.

The Classical Style Guide states that the Release Artist of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) Various Artists, never the performer. However, we make the following exceptions:

  • Mixed recitals by a performer or group v
  • Classical "Covers" v
  • (No exception made for Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers") v

This is an Official Style Guideline.

Mixed recitals by a performer or group

In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the ReleaseArtist, with each TrackArtist assigned to the appropriate composer.

Examples
Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)
Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)
Passion of Callas (disc 1)
However, on a release like 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby) there is no clear choice for primary performer. It must remain under VariousArtists.

Important notes:

  1. Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.")
  2. Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)
  3. This recital style does not apply to releases with works by only one composer (such as Sole e Amore (Kiri Te Kanawa)), however much they might emphasize the performer.

Classical "Covers"

In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as ReleaseArtist. The composer(s) should be attributed only by AdvancedRelationships of the ComposerRelationshipType either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).

Examples
Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion
Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1
William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style

(Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers")

In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style. However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be

J.S. Bach's Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer). Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an ArrangerRelationshipType.

Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:

Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern should be entered with Schubert as the TrackArtist, and connected to Webern via the ArrangerRelationshipType.
Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling" should be entered with [trad.] as the TrackArtist and connected to Britten via the ArrangerRelationshipType.
Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)

References