History:Classical Release Artist Style Proposal
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This proposal is being tracked in http://bugs.musicbrainz.org/ticket/3557
How to Determine the Release Artist for Classical Releases
The ReleaseArtist for classical releases should be set according to the following rules. Each subsequent rule assumes the previous rules have not determined the Release Artist.
- If there is a solo artist who performed an instrument/voice on all tracks, the solo performer is the Release Artist.
- If there is a collaboration that performed on all tracks, the collaboration artist is the Release Artist.
- If there is a conductor who performed on all tracks, the conductor is the Release Artist.
- If there is an orchestra/ensemble/choir who performs on all tracks, they are the Release Artist.
- If all tracks have the same composer(s), the Release Artist is the composer(s).
- If there is no composer common to all tracks, Various Artists is the Release Artist.
Note that these examples illustrate how the proposed style would set the ReleaseArtist. In most cases, the release artist for these releases will need to be modified to follow this proposed style.
- Solo performers:
- Example 1: 3 tracks with piano performed by Glenn Gould, no conductors, no orchestras, one composer. Glenn Gould (piano) is the Release Artist.
- Example 2: 12 tracks with violin performed by Iztak Perlman, one conductor, one orchestra, one composer. Iztak Perlman (violin) is the Release Artist.
- Example 3: 6 tracks with violin performed by Wolfgang Schneiderhan, different conductors, one orchestra, different composers. Wolfgang Schneiderhan (violin) is the Release Artist.
- Example 4: 6 tracks with piano performed by Alfred Brendel, different conductors, different orchestras, one composer. Alfred Brendel (piano) is the Release Artist.
- Example 5: 7 tracks with violin performed by Ruth Palmer, with other performers/conductors/orchestras on some tracks, one composer. Ruth Palmer (violin) is the Release Artist.
- Example 6: 10 tracks with violin performed by Gil Shaham, with other performers/conductor/orchestra on some tracks, different composers. Gil Shaham (violin) is the Release Artist.
- Performer collaborations:
- Example 1: 6 tracks performed by David Oistrakh & Mstislav Rostropovich, with another performer on some tracks, different conductors, different orchestras. The collaboration artist David Oistrakh & Mstislav Rostropovich is the Release Artist.
- Example 2: 3 tracks performed by Anna-Sophie Mutter, Maurice Zelster, & Yo-Yo Ma, with one conductor, one orchestra, one composer. The collaboration artist Anna-Sophie Mutter, Maurice Zelster, & Yo-Yo Ma is the Release Artist.
- Conductors/directors with different orchestras/choirs/ensembles:
- Example 1: 11 tracks with no soloists, conducted by Herbert von Karajan, different orchestras, one composer. Herbert von Karajan (conductor) is the Release Artist.
- Example 2: 5 tracks with no soloists, conducted by Sir Georg Solti, different orchestras, one composer. Sir Georg Solti (conductor) is the Release Artist.
- Example 3: 13 tracks with no soloists, conducted by Herbert von Karajan, unknown orchestra, different composers. Herbert von Karajan (conductor) is the Release Artist.
- Example 4: 6 tracks with no soloists, conducted by Herbert von Karajan, one orchestra, different composers. Herbert von Karajan (conductor) is the Release Artist.
- Example 5: 6 tracks with different soloists, conducted by Bryden Thompson, one orchestra, one composer. Bryden Thompson (conductor) is the Release Artist.
- Example 1: 6 tracks with different soloists, different conductors, orchestration by London Philharmonic Orchestra, one composer. London Philharmonic Orchestra (orchestra) is the Release Artist.
- No clear primary performer:
- No examples yet.
- As per the ClassicalStyleGuide, all classical tracks should have the composer set as TrackArtist. This style only deals with setting the ReleaseArtist.
- Do not create new Artists for orchestra/conductor collaboration (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic"). Only collaborations between solo performers such as a violinist and pianist collaborating on a Concerto for Piano and Violin.
- Collaborations between multiple solo performers (or multiple conductors, or multiple orchestras) fall under the governance of FeaturingArtistStyle. If multiple performers perform on all tracks of a release, we would create a collaboration artist since one performer cannot be considered secondary to the other(s).
In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as ReleaseArtist. The composer(s) should be attributed only by AdvancedRelationships of the ComposerRelationshipType either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).
- Examples: Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1 William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style
Classical Arrangements that are Transciptions/not "Covers"
In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style. However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be
- J.S. Bach's Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer). Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an ArrangerRelationshipType.
Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:
- Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern should be entered with Schubert as the TrackArtist, and connected to Webern via the ArrangerRelationshipType. Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling" should be entered with [trad.] as the TrackArtist and connected to Britten via the ArrangerRelationshipType. Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)
- Style mailing list discussion from February, 2008