History:Classical Release Title Style

From MusicBrainz Wiki
Revision as of 22:19, 1 February 2007 by DonRedman (talk | contribs) (reworded (without changing meaning, I hope) (Imported from MoinMoin))
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigationJump to search

Style Guideline > Classical Style Guide > Classical Release Title Style

Style for Classical Release Titles

  • Alert.png This is work in progress and not official yet. The aim of this style guide is to impose some kind of order in the entries to achieve a consistent style, so as to have clean data for an eventual text sensitive tagging.

The ReleaseTitle should contain the names of the works on the release followed by the performer information. Here are the basic rules:

  • If there are works of different types, separate the works by slashes, according to the SeparateTitleStyle;
  • If there are multiple works of the same type, write the work types in plural with a piece of identification for each of the individual works separated by commas.

Write performer information in parantheses, according to the ExtraTitleInformationStyle.


  • Requiem in D minor (Wiener Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan)
  • Symphonies Nos. 5, 6 "Pastoral" (The London Classical Players feat. conductor: Roger Norrington)
  • Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" / Egmont Overture (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan)


Alert.png Please clarify: What does this apply to? E.g. what about 'named' releases, should thei be reworded as this guideline says? This Info should also be contained in the first paragraph of the guideline (above) in a short form.

Further Examples

(are these still needed?)

Releases with only one work:

  • Die Zauberflöte (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Karl Bohm) (disc 1)
  • Symphony No. 9 "Choral" (Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra and Chorus feat. conductor: Zdeněk Mácal)
  • Symphony No. 9 "Choral" (Cleveland Orchestra feat. conductor: Christoph von Dohnanyi)

Releases with multiple works of the same type:

  • Symphonies Nos. 4, 5 (The London Classical Players feat. conductor: Roger Norrington)
  • Symphonies Nos. 38 "Prague", 39 (Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan)
  • Piano Concertos Nos. 1, 3 (Cleveland Orchestra feat. conductor: George Szell, piano: Leon Fleisher)
  • Piano Concertos Nos. 1-5 (New Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Otto Klemperer, piano: Daniel Barenboim) (disc 1)
  • Piano Sonatas Nos. 12-14, 19 (feat. piano: Alfred Brendel)
  • Violin Concertos Nos. 1, 3, 4 (feat. violin: Viktoria Mullova)
  • Violin Concertos Nos. 2, 3, 5 (feat. violin: Zino Francescatti)

Releases with multiple works of different types:

  • Requiem in D minor / Ave verum corpus / Missa Brevis in D minor (Kölner Kammerchor & Collegium Cartusianum feat. conductor: Peter Neumann) (disc 1)
  • Eine Kleine Nachtmusik / Posthorn Serenade (Cleveland Orchestra feat. conductor: George Szell)
  • Requiem in D minor / Kyrie in D minor (La Chapelle Royale, Collegium Vocale Gent, Orchestre des Champs-Elysées feat. conductor: Philippe Herreweghe)
  • Symphonies Nos. 6, 8 / King Stephen Overture (feat. conductor: Leonard Bernstein)
  • Symphony No. 41 "Jupiter" / Marriage of Figaro Overture (Royal Promenade Orchestra feat. Nigel Simpson)


The basic structure is as follows: Work_TYPE "No./Nos." Work_ID, Work_ID, ... , Work_ID / Work_TYPE Work_ID, Work_ID, ... , Work_ID / ... / Work_TYPE Work_ID, Work_ID, ... , Work_ID (Performer Information)


  • exmamples:
    • Symphony/Symphonies
    • String Quartet/String Quartets
    • Piano Sonata/Piano Sonatas
    • etc.
  • is pluralized if more than one Work_ID is used


  • examples:
    • No. 1
    • No. 41 "Common Name"
    • Nos. 1, 2
    • Nos. 1, 2 "Common Name", 4
    • Nos. 1-3
    • Nos. 1-3, 5, 7-12
    • etc.
  • "No." is pluralized to "Nos." if more than one Work_ID is used
  • If more than three consecutive Work_IDs are used, use a hyphen between the first and last number in the series (ie. "1-3" or "7-12")
  • If there are no work numbers with which to identify the work, keys or catalog numbers can be used (ie. "Requiem in D minor" or "String Quartets, Op. 12")
  • The works should be listed in the order in which they appear on the disc
  • Only one Work_ID is necessary per work (ie. "Symphony No. 1" as opposed to "Symphony No. 1 in D major, Op. 12")
    • Common names should be an exception (ie. Symphony No. 1 "Common Name" is fine)


  1. http://musicbrainz.org/release/3261a468-953d-4dba-817e-a18e1d1e98b4.html
    • Either this is actually a compilation, in which case the style doesn't apply, or this is just a weird album that brings up a good question: "What do we do when there is a complete work + other incomplete works?" --cooperaa (Jan 31)
  1. http://musicbrainz.org/release/5826e0ae-74e2-455c-9821-7374f0a8a33f.html
    • This release appears to have a valid release name, which is "Favourite Piano Sonatas". Should this sort of release not be affected by the style? Should we add the work information as a subtitle like "Favourite Piano Sonatas: Piano Sonatas Nos. 17, 21, 23"? --cooperaa (Jan 31)
  1. http://musicbrainz.org/release/d33c0768-fd66-4843-8034-4db6154e4cdd.html, http://musicbrainz.org/release/ef45e269-d239-436c-9e4e-ae273cdd5934.html, http://musicbrainz.org/release/b23cb846-4061-442b-86d3-cfa4779997e3.html
    • These are all part of a set titled "Alfred Brandel Plays Beethoven". Same question as 2. - should we add the info as a subtitle or, in this particular case, add the work info as disc titles? Should we even keep the "Alfred Brandel Plays Beethoven" title? Is this really important to classical listeners except for compilations? --cooperaa (Jan 31)
  1. http://musicbrainz.org/release/37c3923f-2e6a-4ae8-898e-8201e96fe24e.html
    • Should releases that simply say "The 5 Piano Concertos" or "The 9 Symphonies" etc be changed to "Piano Concertos Nos. 5" or "Symphonies Nos. 1-9"? --cooperaa (Jan 31)