Difference between revisions of "History:Style/Specific types of releases/Opera"

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=Development of Style for Opera Tracks=
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This guideline describes how Opera Tracks should be formatted:
   
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'''opera_name[, catalogue ###]: Act XX[, Scene XX]. [performance_type] "name_of_the_song" [(character1, character2, ...)]'''
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">{i} '''Purpose:''' ''This page is for the evolution of the new style guide we would like to use for tracks from operas.''
 
</ul>
 
   
  +
All the parts in brackets are optional, but if they are mentioned on the printed cover, they should be included.
It starts as my synthesis of the mails from the thread Opera Track Style. Following [[User:DonRedman|DonRedman]]'s suggestion, this page is going to evolve (by including digests of what was said on the mailing list, and by direct editing) until we reach a stable enough consensus to try it for real. In Don's proposed system, there are three stages:
 
  +
* The catalogue number is traditionally not included (but the [[Classical Track Title Style|ClassicalTrackTitleStyle]] will allow for it).
* development (current) during which we discuss without editing any real data.
 
  +
* Act number and Scene number are upper-case roman numerals (e.g. I, II, III, IV, ...).
* testing (as soon as we are ready) where we test the proposed style on real data.
 
  +
* The performance type can be: Aria, Duettino, Recitativo, Chorus...
* validation (when we are happy with the testing) which means the results of this page become part of the official Style Guides.
 
  +
* The name of the song is usually the first words of the part; enclosed in double quotes. The exact words used can differ from one release to another. Follow what the printed release says.
  +
* The character names are in parentheses and separated by commas. Note these are'' ''character'' names, not ''performer'' (artist) names.
   
==Tentative Conclusion==
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==Simple Examples==
   
  +
Full details including catalogue number, performance type, and character names:
It seems that after all discussions two possible styles remain:
 
  +
* Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. Duettino "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)
# [[Opera Name|OperaName]], [[Opus Number|OpusNumber]]: [[Act Number|ActNumber]][, [[Scene Number|SceneNumber]]]. ([[Performance Type|PerformanceType]]: Characters) "Name of the song"
 
# [[Opera Name|OperaName]], [[Opus Number|OpusNumber]]: [[Act Number|ActNumber]][, [[Scene Number|SceneNumber]]]. [[Performance Type|PerformanceType]] "Name of the song" (Characters)
 
   
  +
Somewhere in the middle:
Details follow further down the page.
 
  +
* Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)
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* Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. Duettino "Là ci darem la mano"
  +
* Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano"
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* Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. Duettino "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)
  +
* Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)
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* Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. Duettino "Là ci darem la mano"
   
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Bare essentials, without catalogue number, performance type, or character names:
===Tests===
 
  +
* Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano"
   
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Special case: the Prelude or instrumental parts:
I did a test with [http://musicbrainz.org/show/release/?releaseid=551121 http://musicbrainz.org/show/release/?releaseid=551121] see edits [http://musicbrainz.org/mod/search/results.html?moderator_type=3&moderator_id=189467&orderby=asc&minid=6583620&maxid=6583635 http://musicbrainz.org/mod/search/results.html?moderator_type=3&moderator_id=189467&orderby=asc&minid=6583620&maxid=6583635] -- [[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-03-17
 
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* Don Giovanni: Act III. Prelude
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* Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene II. An Instrumental Part
   
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==Complex Examples==
Second test, same release but different style here: [http://test.musicbrainz.org/mod/search/results.html?moderator_id=189467&moderator_type=4&orderby=asc http://test.musicbrainz.org/mod/search/results.html?moderator_id=189467&moderator_type=4&orderby=asc] -- [[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-03-18
 
   
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Another part in the same scene:
===First possibility===
 
  +
* Don Giovanni: Act IV, Scene II. "Là ci darem la mano" - "Another song in the same scene"
  +
* Don Giovanni: Act IV, Scene II. An Instrumental Part - "Là ci darem la mano"
   
  +
Another part in a different scene:
[[Opera Name|OperaName]], [[Opus Number|OpusNumber]]: Act XX[, Scene XX]. ([[Performance Type|PerformanceType]]: Character1, Character2, ...) "Name of the song"
 
  +
* Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene I. "Là ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene II. "Another song in a different scene"
  +
* Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene I. "Là ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene II. An Instrumental Part in a Different Scene
   
  +
Another part in a different act:
Simple Examples: Full details including catalog number, performance type, and character names: Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. (Duettino: Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "La ci darem la mano"
 
  +
* Don Giovanni: Act II, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene I. "Another song in a different act"
  +
* Don Giovanni: Act II, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano" / Act III. Prelude
   
  +
==Examples in the Database==
Somewhere in the middle: Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. (Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "La ci darem la mano" Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. (Duettino) "La ci darem la mano" Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. "La ci darem la mano" Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. (Duettino: Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "La ci darem la mano" Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. (Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "La ci darem la mano" Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. (Duettino) "La ci darem la mano"
 
   
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* [[artist:eefd7c1e-abcf-4ccc-ba60-0fd435c9061f|Richard Wagner]]'s [[release:2aeeebbb-9594-4562-9afc-d539f28fa65b|Der Ring des Nibelungen (Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus feat. conductor: James Levine)]]
Bare essentials, without catalog number, performance type, or character names: Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. "La ci darem la mano"
 
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* Here is an example where the Acts were not mentioned on the cover: [[release:56b95629-a80f-4bd5-9c16-663095040afb|Opera Arias by Anne Sofie von Otter]]
   
Special case: the Prelude or instrumental parts: Don Giovanni: Act III. Prelude Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene II. An Instrumental Part
 
   
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{{StyleBox}}
Complex Examples: Another part in the same scene: Don Giovanni: Act IV, Scene II. "La ci darem la mano" - "Another song in the same scene" Don Giovanni: Act IV, Scene II. An Instrumental Part - "La ci darem la mano"
 
 
Another part in a different scene: Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene I. "La ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene II. "Another song in a different scene" Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene I. "La ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene II. An Instrumental Part in a Different Scene
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Note: I think Act XX is essential here since there is no colon after "Act III" - I don't think it follows logically that everything after it is "within" Act III
 
</ul>
 
 
Another part in a different act: Don Giovanni: Act II, Scene III. "La ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene I. "Another song in a different act" Don Giovanni: Act II, Scene III. "La ci darem la mano" / Act III. Prelude
 
 
===Second possibility===
 
 
[[Opera Name|OperaName]], Catalog ###: Act XX[, Scene XX]. [[Performance Type|PerformanceType]] "Name of the song" (Character1, Character2, ...)
 
 
This to me looks more in line with other CSG uses, it has the least important information last and it's not even theoretically ambiguous in case [[Performance Type|PerformanceType]] or Character is omitted.
 
 
We should also add [, No. XX] to allow for linear song/part numbering where applicable.
 
 
Lastly, I am a believer in "consistency rules". So we should at the same time test and propose this for similarly structured works (cantatas, oratorios, masses, ...). -- Robert Kiessling
 
 
----
 
 
 
==The whole Discussion==
 
 
The remainder of this page discusses the different options and their pros and cons. The page is sprinkled with the names of users to indicate what position these users seemed to agree with. I hope I guessed your MB names correctly. Please move your names around if you change your mind or if I have misunderstood your position. The idea of course is to try to extract the options which most users like. I would like to try here something slightly different from a voting system, that is you may choose more than one option for each issue. I understand the urge to argument your choices, but please don't forget to add your names after the corresponding choices.
 
 
I identified four main issues in the thread: order, numbering system, punctuation and quotes.
 
 
==Order==
 
 
===1: the order I originally suggested===
 
 
* 1 - Opera name
 
* ( - No catalogue number)
 
* ( - No movement number)
 
* 2 - Act number
 
* 3 - Scene number
 
* 4 - Type (optional)
 
* 5 - First words of the scene
 
* 6 - Part (optional)
 
 
Example (don't look at the punctuation): ''Don Giovanni, Act I, Scene 3, Duettino, "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)''
 
 
===2: leivhe's order===
 
 
(cooperaa, leivhe)
 
* 1 - Opera name
 
* 2 - catalogue number (optional)
 
* ( - No movement number)
 
* 3 - Act number
 
* 4 - Scene number
 
* 5 - Type (optional)
 
* 6 - Part (optional)
 
* 7 - First words of the scene
 
 
Example (don't look at the punctuation): ''Don Giovanni, Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina), "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">In the second case, are we running the risk of too-long common prefixes? Take the example of "first <n> characters are used for the filename" where it's quite likely that there are cases where (1) to (6) are the same. -- joseba, 2007-02-05
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Of course this will happen. But I believe we must not take this too much into account. This is a ripper/tagger problem. The MB database must strive towards exactness and usefulness. Anyhow, adding the catalogue number won't increase much the title length. But your question raises an interesting suggestion: we could move the type and part elements after the quotation, so that if the track name gets cut, it has better chances to stay meaningful. So here is the new suggestion: --[[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-02-06
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
 
===3: joseba's order===
 
 
This was suggested in an attempt to keep as many significant characters as possible in case of file name truncature. --[[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-02-15 (davitof)
 
* 1 - Opera name
 
* 2 - catalogue number (optional)
 
* ( - No movement number)
 
* 3 - Act number
 
* 4 - Scene number
 
* 5 - First words of the scene
 
* 6 - Type (optional)
 
* 7 - Part (optional) Actually joseba prefers order (1) since it's most consistent with other classical styles where the type like "Rondo" clearly comes first --joseba, 2006-02-25
 
 
==Numbering system (act - scene)==
 
 
* arabic - arabic (davitof, leivhe) (it seems we could both be persuaded to go to romans)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni, Act 1, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina), "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
</ul>
 
* roman - arabic
 
* roman - roman (cooperaa, cadalach)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni, Act I, Scene III, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina), "Là cidarem la mano"''
 
</ul>At least, it seems we can refuse the roman-arabic mix! --[[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-02-02
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Yes please, let's have simple rules! Like "'No.' followed by arabic, everything else roman". --joseba, 2006-02-05
 
</ul>Note that in this numbering scheme two tracks can have the same Part_number. [[Multi-Track Movement Style|MultiTrackMovementStyle]] was proposed in a different context to address that issue. Please refer to the next comment for further discussion. --joseba, 2007-02-25 See [[Classical Track Title Partnumber Style|ClassicalTrackTitlePartnumberStyle]] for a proposal that incorporates the above in a more general framework of part numbers. --joseba, 2006-02-25
 
 
==Punctuation==
 
 
After
 
* work title: Nobody suggested anything else than a colon.
 
* act number: Nobody suggested anything else than a comma.
 
* scene number:
 
** comma
 
** dot, by analogy with the general classical style. I think this is a good idea, since the scene type is closer to a movement indication. (cadalach, cooperaa, davitof, joseba)
 
** colon (suggested by leivhe).
 
 
* part type and parts:
 
** nothing (davitof, leivhe)
 
** colon (andrewski)
 
** comma
 
** dot (andrewski, cooperaa)
 
 
Examples
 
* comma comma
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina), "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
</ul>
 
* comma colon
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina): "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
</ul>
 
* comma none
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
</ul>
 
* comma dot
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina). "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
</ul>
 
* none brackets
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3 (Duettino: Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
</ul>
 
* dot brackets (cooperaa, davitof, leivhe)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3. (Duettino: Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
</ul>
 
* dot brackets variant (joseba)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3. Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "Là ci darem la mano"''
 
</ul>
 
 
==Quotation: quotes or not==
 
 
some users have suggested we could omit the quotes altogether. examples
 
* comma comma
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina), Là ci darem la mano''
 
</ul>
 
* comma colon
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina): Là ci darem la mano''
 
</ul>
 
* comma none
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina) Là ci darem la mano''
 
</ul>
 
* comma dot
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene 3, Duettino (Don Giovanni, Zerlina). Là ci darem la mano''
 
</ul>
 
 
We must remember that the parts may not be here at all, so that I feel that at least a separator is needed --[[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-02-02
 
 
So, should it be
 
* with quotes (davitof, Prodoc, cadalach)
 
* without quotes (leivhe?)
 
 
Personally I think it's better to use quotes to have a clearer distinction between what's information about a track (everything before it) and what could be considered an actual title -- [[User:Prodoc|Prodoc]] 20:21, 05 February 2007 (UTC)
 
 
Sometimes quotes are needed, imo, and somtimes not. I'd suggest we use quotes when the "title" is a line from the libretto, but drop them when it's the name of an orchestral interlude. So '... Prelude' but '... "Là ci darem la mano"'. -- cadalach, 2006-02-06
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">I agree. This makes me see that the title of this section wasn't specific enough. --[[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-02-06
 
</ul>
 
 
==Optional information==
 
 
I (cadalach) have created this new section to solicit opinions on what's been called the optional information. Here I mean, as in the above example, the "Duettino" and "Don Giovanni, Zerlina" information. Would it be sensible to treat this as just one piece of information? That is, either both are included or neither. I'd guess that it would be reasonable to say that if you knew (or cared about) one then you'd know the other too.
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">I don't think so. My release of Le Nozze de Figaro (Kleiber) only mentions the parts, not the part type. Although I can understand that someone would later add the parts, we can't expect the original editor to search for them when he enters the release first. We must remember that some voters insist that the releases must be almost perfect to get into MB, so the less requirements we put, the more new releases we will have. Of course this means we will have to correct and improve many of those after, but I don't think this is too high a price to pay. --[[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-02-02
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Agree with davitof. --leivhe
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Yes, also IMHO it should be stated very clearly that these are optional. We should guide how to use them but they should never become mandatory. Moreover they are redundant. When characters are present you can count out the kind of scene: 2 = duetto, 3 = trio, 4 = quartetto and so on. -- [[User:ClutchEr2|ClutchEr2]]
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
 
Ok, that's fine with me. -- cadalach, 2006-02-06
 
 
==Pending issue==
 
 
(this can be decided separately IMO) (cooperaa), what should we do when several scenes are merged on the same track ([[Multiple Title Style|MultipleTitleStyle]]):
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Die Walküre: Act II. Prelude - Act II, Scene I. (Wotan) "Nun zäume dein Ross, reisige Maid!"'' ''Die Walküre: Act II. Prelude / Act II, Scene I. (Wotan) "Nun zäume dein Ross, reisige Maid!"'' ''Die Walküre: Act II. Prelude - Scene I. (Wotan) "Nun zäume dein Ross, reisige Maid!"'' ''Die Walküre: Act II. Prelude / Scene I. (Wotan) "Nun zäume dein Ross, reisige Maid!"'' ''Die Walküre: Act II. Prelude, Scene I. (Wotan) "Nun zäume dein Ross, reisige Maid!"''
 
</ul>
 
 
And what do we do when liner notes (non-scene-splitting) have more than one arias/recitatives for a track? Example:
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Croesus, Act II, Scene III: "Seht, wie Herr Elcius ist ein Politicus" (Elcius) / "Mein Kätchen ist ein Mädchen" (Bauernkinder) / "Ich solltes schier mein Unglück vergessen" (Elcius)'' [http://musicbrainz.org/track/7ab7b6c7-a5cf-48e0-beca-f3faa9f006ab.html http://musicbrainz.org/track/7ab7b6c7-a5cf-48e0-beca-f3faa9f006ab.html]
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">I believe that according to your own suggested order, your example should be:
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Croesus, Act II, Scene III: (Elcius) "Seht, wie Herr Elcius ist ein Politicus" / (Bauernkinder) "Mein Kätchen ist ein Mädchen" / (Elcius) "Ich solltes schier mein Unglück vergessen"'' --[[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-02-02
 
</ul>Quite right (punctuation differs, but this was about multiple arias/recs in a track) --leivhe
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
 
This is the track style I support most: --cooperaa (Feb 2)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. (Duettino: Don Giovanni, Zerlina) "La ci darem la mano"''
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Looks good, I could agree on this! :) I'd like to have Arabics though, but it's not essential. Also note that the quotes are not needed, as the formatting guarantees a colon or a dot or a bracket (or a slash, in the case of multiple-arias-in-one-track) in front of the name. How about removing the quotes? You'd get: --leivhe (Feb 3.)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''Don Giovanni: Act 1, Scene 3. (Duettino: Don Giovanni, Zerlina) La ci darem la mano''
 
</ul>How does that work for the Overture? Just ''Don Giovanni: Overture''? -- joseba, 2007-02-05 Note that if we do this, we should amend the cantata style, as it currently puts Aria/Duet/Rec. in front of the brackets. --leivhe (Feb 5.)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Looking at cantatas, would we expect to have the first line of the text in all cases, even for something like a recitative? -- joseba, 2007-02-05
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
 
==Common practice==
 
 
What I'm interested in, and what I'm missing on this page, is information about what's common practice in 'the real world' outside of [[MusicBrainz]]. If possible, we should stick to that as close as possible unless we come up with something significantly better. By doing this, more people than just us will have less trouble adapting to it. We might all have our personal preferences but e.g. which numbering system is most commonly used for acts and scenes? It would be good if we link to some resources or add examples to each issue just to have some form of reference. At this stage it's hard to make out personal preference and common practice -- [[User:Prodoc|Prodoc]] 20:23, 05 February 2007 (UTC)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">I almost agree with you, but for a huge difference: I would replace the word "possible" with "desirable". But let's try:
 
* Archiv, EMI and Erato: Type "quotation" (parts),
 
* Decca: quotation parts
 
* harmonia mundi: part type (parts) quotation
 
What do other editors have? Are their releases for the above labels consistent? What about the other labels? -- [[User:davitof|davitof]] 2007-02-05
 
</ul>
 
 
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Proposed Style]]
 

Latest revision as of 11:50, 26 May 2015

This guideline describes how Opera Tracks should be formatted:

opera_name[, catalogue ###]: Act XX[, Scene XX]. [performance_type] "name_of_the_song" [(character1, character2, ...)]

All the parts in brackets are optional, but if they are mentioned on the printed cover, they should be included.

  • The catalogue number is traditionally not included (but the ClassicalTrackTitleStyle will allow for it).
  • Act number and Scene number are upper-case roman numerals (e.g. I, II, III, IV, ...).
  • The performance type can be: Aria, Duettino, Recitativo, Chorus...
  • The name of the song is usually the first words of the part; enclosed in double quotes. The exact words used can differ from one release to another. Follow what the printed release says.
  • The character names are in parentheses and separated by commas. Note these are character names, not performer (artist) names.

Simple Examples

Full details including catalogue number, performance type, and character names:

  • Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. Duettino "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)

Somewhere in the middle:

  • Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)
  • Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. Duettino "Là ci darem la mano"
  • Don Giovanni, Op. 500: Act I, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano"
  • Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. Duettino "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)
  • Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano" (Don Giovanni, Zerlina)
  • Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. Duettino "Là ci darem la mano"

Bare essentials, without catalogue number, performance type, or character names:

  • Don Giovanni: Act I, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano"

Special case: the Prelude or instrumental parts:

  • Don Giovanni: Act III. Prelude
  • Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene II. An Instrumental Part

Complex Examples

Another part in the same scene:

  • Don Giovanni: Act IV, Scene II. "Là ci darem la mano" - "Another song in the same scene"
  • Don Giovanni: Act IV, Scene II. An Instrumental Part - "Là ci darem la mano"

Another part in a different scene:

  • Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene I. "Là ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene II. "Another song in a different scene"
  • Don Giovanni: Act III, Scene I. "Là ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene II. An Instrumental Part in a Different Scene

Another part in a different act:

  • Don Giovanni: Act II, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano" / Act III, Scene I. "Another song in a different act"
  • Don Giovanni: Act II, Scene III. "Là ci darem la mano" / Act III. Prelude

Examples in the Database


Style
Overview
Title Style
Entities
Relationships
Classical
Special Cases/Misc.
Languages