Jazz > Labels
The Jazz Labels Compendium
What is the purpose of this group of pages?
- Assume the interim function to document jazz labels in MusicBrainz, as long as we don't have label entries in the system
- Help editors (who do work on labels and catalogs # in releases annotations) to quickly find what they need
- Be a field of experiment to help determine what exactly we expect from "real" labels entries in the system
As such, the following pieces of data are found in this page:
- alphabetically sorted flat list of labels
- hierarchical list of labels (reflecting the "who bought who" structure)
And each individual label page provides the following:
- official web site, WikiPedia page and/or discographic work site about it
- label activity details (production type, name of the founding members, period of activity, subsidiaries)
- current status (now belong to, top parent company, distributed by)
- catalog, possibly linking to the releases in MusicBrainz
Ultimately, label / catalog# should be database entries (this is apparently in the cooker). Labels should be entities (like artists) on which we could have both advanced relationships and annotations (that would allow most of what is documented here).
Not only this is work in progress, but it's also experimental, is not the result of a discussion/consensus, and is the work of a unique editor (hence reflects his very personal opinions).
So data (may/will/could) change quickly, and the whole organization of it may be rehauled.
Jazz golden era is probably 45-70.
The 70s period resort mainly to Free Jazz, while the pre-40s period, although very interesting, somewhat lacks recorded material (most of what's available being reissued in anthologies by specialized labels).
There's of course a modern jazz, both by (quite old now) veterans, and by talented newcomers, but this is Yllona Richardson's territories - so she might talk about that better than me.
Recently though, now that all is left is "the 4 big ones" (Universal's Verve Music Group, the EMI Group, the Warner Music Group, Sony BMG), and the little one (Concord Music Group), such holdings tend to reissue stuff under the original label name, or even produce new stuff under that name, which of course are not to be confused with the "historical" labels/periods.
- "Country" should be 2 letter iso codes.
- "Production type" should be: original, reissue, bootleg (or combination of these, using slash as separators), or holding
- Maybe "founded by" could point to /Jazz/People/NameOfTheBuddy (as we can't create them in the db...)?
- Any mention of another label should link to the corresponding page, even if it doesn't exist yet
- You should link catalog entries to the corresponding releases in MusicBrainz. If you do so, please backlink the label name in the release annotation to the wiki page.
- Scott Yanow label page: usefull for a quick heads-up about jazz labels
- May help to find labels homesites: http://www.rlabels.com/ and http://www.allrecordlabels.com/
- Michael Fitzgerald label page: has a *lot* of catalogs (although not really detailed), and is very usefull to flesh out a new label catalog (although not enough)
- The usual suspects have not a lot of labels catalogs, but when they have one, oh my god! :p
- Country codes: you know what this is
- Wikipedia labels list page
Labels List (hierarchical)
- Warner Music Group
Labels List (flat)
- Concord Jazz/Concord Records
- Concord Music Group
- Cool 'N Blue
- Mighty Quinn
- Mode Records
- Mobile Fidelity
- Mosaic Records
For a time, I used to push all label data on one page, which has quickly proved unmanageable. Below are the remains of this attempt, waiting to be properly migrated in the new one-label/one-page architecture.
Quick Find Me
This section mention labels names, country of origin, historical period of activity, off-sites links, and mentions bootleg.
|Label Name/Site||Country||Active Period||Sold to||Discographic ressources||Subsidiaries||Comment|
|Capitol (wp)||USA||1942-?||EMI (1955)||Made a career out of messing records|
|Columbia (wp)||USA||1888-?||Sony (1988)||BothSides|
|Contemporary (wp)||USA||1951-1984||Fantasy (1984)||JD.com|
|EmArcy (wp)||USA||1954-1962||Verve Music Group||JD.com JD.org||Replaced by Limelight, then revived 80s|
|ESP (wp)||USA||1966-?||JD.com Shut||Dormant and/or "distributed" by dubious european thingies (Axaras, GetBack!), the label came back to life in 2005|
|Dial (wp)||USA||1946-||???||JD.com JD.org||Not to be confused with other Dial companies|
|Vocalion Records (wp)||USA/UK||1916-1940||Brunswick Records (1925)||Revived in the 50s as a budget label, and in 1997 as a reissue label (material from Decca and EMI). Alternate site|
|Fantasy (wp)||USA||1949-||Concord||Debut Records, Good Time, Prestige (1971), Riverside, Milestone (1972), Stax Records (1977), Contemporary (1984), Specialty Records (1991), Pablo (1987), Takoma Records, Kicking Mule Records (1995)||Gobbled a good number of jazz label, which were cd reissued in the 80s90s under the collection/label name Original Jazz Classics (apparently on mondays during 85-95)|
|Gennet Records (wp)||USA||1917-1934||Decca Records (1935)||Oldies from the 20s|
|Impulse! (wp)||USA||1960-late 70s||Verve Music Group||JD.com||Now a reissue label. Has been shortly revived for new stuff though.|
|Liberty Records (wp)||USA||1955-?||EMI (?)||Pacific Jazz (1957), Blue Note (1965)||A complicated history also...|
|Limelight wp||USA||X||JD.com||Mercury subsidiary|
|Milestone (wp)||USA||1966-1972||Fantasy||JD.com||Reissued stuff from Gennett Records|
|Mercury (wp)||USA (UK now)||1945-||Verve Group||JD.org||Blue Rock Records, Cumberland Records, EmArcy Records, Fontana Records, Limelight Records, Philips Records, Smash Records and Wing Records|
|Original Jazz Classics (wp)||USA||1983-||Is a sub/collection of Fantasy||Reissued on cd most stuff owned by OJC in the 80s-90s|
|Pablo (wp)||USA||1973||Fantasy (1987)||JD.com JD.org||Fantasy continued to use the name to release stuff after 1987|
|Prestige (wp)||USA||1949-1971||Fantasy (1971)||Plosin JD.org||Used funny coll. names like Swingsville, Bluesville, Moodsville, and "New Jazz"||The junkies label|
|Riverside wp||USA||1953-1963||Fantasy (1972)||JD.com JD.org|
|Verve (wp)||USA||1956||MGM (1961) -> Polygram -> Universal (=Verve Music Group)||JD.com JD.org||Norgran Records, Clef Records, Mercury/EmArcy|
|[Savoy USA] wp||USA||1942-?1980?||Bop catalog sold to Arista Records (1974)||JD.com JD.org|