Difference between revisions of "Label"

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{{LabelHeader}}  
 
{{LabelHeader}}  
'''Labels''' are one of the most complicated and controversial part of the music industry, the main reason for that being the term itself is not clearly defined and refers to (at least) two overlapping concepts: imprints, and the companies that control them. Note, though, that for most (simple cases) labels, the imprint and the company controlling it have the same name.  
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'''Labels''' are one of the most complicated and controversial part of the music industry. The main reason for that being that the term itself is not clearly defined and refers to at least two overlapping concepts: imprints, and the companies that control them. Fortunately, in many cases the imprint and the company controlling it have the same name.
  
==What is a Label?==
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==What is a label?==
  
'''Labels''' in [[MusicBrainz]] refer mainly to imprints.  
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Labels in MusicBrainz refer mainly to imprints.  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">An imprint is (strictly, and nothing more than) a brand (and trademark) associated with the marketing of sound recordings (an imprint is not a company). An imprint may be marketed as a project, unit or division of the company that manages it. Imprints are the information you certainly want to add in the database and is the information available on sleeves in the form of a label logo (a.k.a. imprint). Imprints are labels, as one usually understand it. Specifically, you should favor using names as they are represented on the imprint, rather than using a company name (usually found in "copyright"/"produced" mentions).  
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* An imprint is (strictly, and nothing more than) a brand (and trademark) associated with the marketing of sound recordings (an imprint is not a company). An imprint may be marketed as a project, unit or division of the company that manages it. Imprints are the information you certainly want to add in the database and is the information available on sleeves in the form of a label logo (a.k.a. imprint). Imprints are labels, as one usually understand it. Specifically, you should favor using names as they are represented on the imprint, rather than using a company name (usually found in "copyright"/"produced" mentions).
</ul>
 
  
 
To a lesser extent, a label entity ''may'' be created in the database to represent a record company.  
 
To a lesser extent, a label entity ''may'' be created in the database to represent a record company.  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">A record company typically manages imprints, and coordinates the ''production / manufacturing / promotion / relations with artist / PR / distribution'' of sound recordings. Record companies may directly handle one or more of these aspects, or may sign contractual agreements with other companies to do the job. In some specific cases, you may want to create a label in the database to represent such a company name rather than an imprint: usually, such a move is required when labels went through complex merge/split operations and you need [[Advanced Relationship]]s to structure the imprints list and represent their history in a meaningful way. Please note, though, that there is no need to "de-duplicate" companies from imprints when their name are very close.  
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* A record company typically manages imprints, and coordinates the ''production / manufacturing / promotion / relations with artist / PR / distribution'' of sound recordings. Record companies may directly handle one or more of these aspects, or may sign contractual agreements with other companies to do the job. In some specific cases, you may want to create a label in the database to represent such a company name rather than an imprint: usually, such a move is required when labels went through complex merge/split operations and you need [[Advanced Relationship]]s to structure the imprints list and represent their history in a meaningful way. Please note, though, that there is no need to "de-duplicate" companies from imprints when their name are very close.  
</ul>
 
  
Lastly, we also store Music groups.  
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Lastly, we also store music groups.  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">A music group is a financial holding, whose purpose is '''solely''' to control and manage other companies directly involved in the production of sound recordings. Like for Record companies, the use of Music groups is reserved for specific cases that you will likely not encounter unless you're doing some research intensive background work on structuring the labels list  
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*A music group is a financial holding company, whose purpose is '''solely''' to control and manage other companies directly involved in the production of sound recordings. For record companies, the use of Music groups is reserved for specific cases that you will likely not encounter unless you're doing some research intensive background work on structuring the labels list.
</ul>
 
  
Hence, [[MusicBrainz]] '''mostly''' keep track of imprints, and to a lesser extent, companies involved into either production or distribution, and music groups.  
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Hence, MusicBrainz '''mostly''' keep track of imprints, and to a lesser extent, companies involved into either production or distribution, and music groups.  
  
At that time, we '''don't''' keep track of companies involved in the other aspects of the music industry (PR, manufacturing, management, ...), and we '''don't''' get into too much financial details, or try to represent exactly the socio-economic organization of companies. There are three reasons for that:  
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At this time, we '''don't''' keep track of companies involved in the other aspects of the music industry (PR, manufacturing, management, etc.), and we '''don't''' get into too much financial details, or try to represent exactly the socio-economic organization of companies. There are three reasons for that:  
* such information are usually not available from sleeves  
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* this information is usually not available from sleeves  
* they are irrelevant to [[MusicBrainz]] goal (being a '''music''' database)
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* this information is irrelevant to the MusicBrainz goal of being the ultimate source of ''music'' information
 
* such a project would be extremely complicated and our current data model is not fit for it  
 
* such a project would be extremely complicated and our current data model is not fit for it  
  
 
There are several entities that are '''not''' correct labels for which we still keep an entry so we can stop people from adding [[Release|release]]s to them. You can find [[Label/Non-Labels|a list of them here]].
 
There are several entities that are '''not''' correct labels for which we still keep an entry so we can stop people from adding [[Release|release]]s to them. You can find [[Label/Non-Labels|a list of them here]].
 
==Editing Overview==
 
 
Each label has a number of properties stored directly in each label's record:
 
* [[Label ID]]: the MusicBrainz UUID of the label (not editable)
 
* [[Label Name]]: the name of the label
 
* [[Label Sort Name]]: the sort name of the label
 
* [[Label Alias]]: aliases
 
* [[Label Code]]: the code of the label (a.k.a. "LC")
 
* [[Label Begin Date]]: this is the creation date of the label entity (usually the date at which the imprint was first used, or the associated trademark was registered)
 
* [[Label End Date]]: this is the date at which the label stopped existing
 
* [[Label Comment]]: a field to distinguish between identically named labels, or labels with identical [[Label Code]]
 
* [[Label Annotation]]: general information about the label that may be of interest and doesn't fit in any other fields
 
* [[Label Country]]: the country of origin of the label
 
* [[Label Type]]: this field describes the "kind" of production of that label
 
 
Much other information can be represented using [[Advanced Relationships]]. You may read about [[Advanced Relationship Type]]s for information on all kind of relationships.
 
 
Just like with artists, you can subscribe to a label. See [[Label Subscription]] for more information.
 
 
You may additionally consult the [[Label FAQ]] for some basic questions, [[How To Identify Labels]] for concrete cases, and [[How Labels Work]] for details about how to perform basic editing.
 
 
==More about labels==
 
 
The design of the label system has been made bearing in mind one main requirement: having a release sleeve as only information source must be enough to perform all basic editing.
 
 
That being said, the label macrocosm is a very rich and complex world. Editors who want to go beyond basic editing and want to learn/document more can take a look at the [[Label Resource]] page or dig further into the [[:Category:Relationship_Family|Label relationship classes]].
 
  
 
{{LabelFooter}}  
 
{{LabelFooter}}  
[[Category:WikiDocs Page]] [[Category:Terminology]] [[Category:Label]] [[Category:To Be Reviewed]]
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[[Category:WikiDocs Page]] [[Category:Terminology]] [[Category:Label]]

Revision as of 17:17, 22 March 2012

Template:LabelHeader Labels are one of the most complicated and controversial part of the music industry. The main reason for that being that the term itself is not clearly defined and refers to at least two overlapping concepts: imprints, and the companies that control them. Fortunately, in many cases the imprint and the company controlling it have the same name.

What is a label?

Labels in MusicBrainz refer mainly to imprints.

  • An imprint is (strictly, and nothing more than) a brand (and trademark) associated with the marketing of sound recordings (an imprint is not a company). An imprint may be marketed as a project, unit or division of the company that manages it. Imprints are the information you certainly want to add in the database and is the information available on sleeves in the form of a label logo (a.k.a. imprint). Imprints are labels, as one usually understand it. Specifically, you should favor using names as they are represented on the imprint, rather than using a company name (usually found in "copyright"/"produced" mentions).

To a lesser extent, a label entity may be created in the database to represent a record company.

  • A record company typically manages imprints, and coordinates the production / manufacturing / promotion / relations with artist / PR / distribution of sound recordings. Record companies may directly handle one or more of these aspects, or may sign contractual agreements with other companies to do the job. In some specific cases, you may want to create a label in the database to represent such a company name rather than an imprint: usually, such a move is required when labels went through complex merge/split operations and you need Advanced Relationships to structure the imprints list and represent their history in a meaningful way. Please note, though, that there is no need to "de-duplicate" companies from imprints when their name are very close.

Lastly, we also store music groups.

  • A music group is a financial holding company, whose purpose is solely to control and manage other companies directly involved in the production of sound recordings. For record companies, the use of Music groups is reserved for specific cases that you will likely not encounter unless you're doing some research intensive background work on structuring the labels list.

Hence, MusicBrainz mostly keep track of imprints, and to a lesser extent, companies involved into either production or distribution, and music groups.

At this time, we don't keep track of companies involved in the other aspects of the music industry (PR, manufacturing, management, etc.), and we don't get into too much financial details, or try to represent exactly the socio-economic organization of companies. There are three reasons for that:

  • this information is usually not available from sleeves
  • this information is irrelevant to the MusicBrainz goal of being the ultimate source of music information
  • such a project would be extremely complicated and our current data model is not fit for it

There are several entities that are not correct labels for which we still keep an entry so we can stop people from adding releases to them. You can find a list of them here.

Template:LabelFooter