Difference between revisions of "R*bab"

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Rabab - original ancestor.
 
Rabab - original ancestor.
  
Rebab - used in gamelan.
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Rebab - used in gamelan, general name for r*bab in most resources.
  
Robab or rubab - originated in Afghanistan. (how is this related?)
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Robab or rubab - originated in Afghanistan. (Britannica 1911: The pear-shaped instrument...with strings plucked by the fingers, — the lute of the 6th century A.D., — is seen first on a frieze from Afghanistan.) Possibly diverged from here. Short-necked lute with three melody and 2-3 drone strings, usually nylon.
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== References ==
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https://www.britannica.com/art/rabab
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https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Rebab
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http://chandrakantha.com/articles/indian_music/rabab.html
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'''Image resources'''
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https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/89.4.403/ (Algerian rebab)
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https://www.wdl.org/en/item/10826/ (Central Asian rebab, c. 1880)
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http://collections.nmmusd.org/Gamelan/9870/Rebab9870.html (Javanese rebab, used in gamelan)
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https://research.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=575113&partId=1 (Javanese rebab, c.1800)
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https://research.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=3439763&partId=1 (Central Asian rabob, Xanthus)
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https://research.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=3456696&partId=1&searchText=rabab (Bedouin rebabah)

Revision as of 11:56, 7 January 2020

Rabāb used to be a term for any stringed instrument.


Ancient rabab

rabāb or rabābah, an Arabic fiddle in the 10th century. Parent of the medieval European rebec or rubebe (11th-18th century Mediterranean/Balkans) and lira (like the lyre?) The ancient rabāb was the ancestor of almost all European bowed instruments. It had a membranous belly, 2-3 strings, and narrow neck. Its range was about an octave.


Medieval r*bab

Persia:

Large rebab, more range than the ancient rabab. (similar instrument - kamanche or khomanche) Iraqi and Bedouin - joza, variant with coconut-shell soundbox.


Central and East Asia

The more western, the higher pitched the instrument (?).

Huqin (instrument family) - Chinese variant

Morin khuur - in Mongolia

Kyrgyztan - kobyz


Mughal Empire The seni rabab - wood body with resonator and six strings, no frets and traditionally no sympathetic strings.

Kabuli rabab (Afghan) - hollow wood body with gut or nylon strings.


Modern r*bab

Indonesia

Rebab is a component of gamelan, as a bowed two-stringed lute made of wood or coconut shell covered with hide. Usually two per gamelan ensemble. Sometimes used in healing rituals.


== Notes ==


Rabab - original ancestor.

Rebab - used in gamelan, general name for r*bab in most resources.

Robab or rubab - originated in Afghanistan. (Britannica 1911: The pear-shaped instrument...with strings plucked by the fingers, — the lute of the 6th century A.D., — is seen first on a frieze from Afghanistan.) Possibly diverged from here. Short-necked lute with three melody and 2-3 drone strings, usually nylon.


References

https://www.britannica.com/art/rabab https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Rebab http://chandrakantha.com/articles/indian_music/rabab.html


Image resources

https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/89.4.403/ (Algerian rebab)

https://www.wdl.org/en/item/10826/ (Central Asian rebab, c. 1880)

http://collections.nmmusd.org/Gamelan/9870/Rebab9870.html (Javanese rebab, used in gamelan)

https://research.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=575113&partId=1 (Javanese rebab, c.1800)

https://research.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=3439763&partId=1 (Central Asian rabob, Xanthus)

https://research.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=3456696&partId=1&searchText=rabab (Bedouin rebabah)