Difference between revisions of "Release"

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A MusicBrainz release represents the unique release (i.e. issuing) of a product on a specific date with specific release information such as the country, label, barcode and packaging. If you walk into a store and purchase an album or single, they are each represented in MusicBrainz as one release.
{{DocumentationHeader|Release|Terminology}}
 
   
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Each release belongs to a [[Release Group|release group]] and contains at least one [[Medium|medium]] (commonly referred to as a disc when talking about a CD release). Each medium has a tracklist.
In [[MusicBrainz Terminology|MusicBrainzTerminology]], a release is an entry in the ''album'' table of the database. For CDs, a release represents 1 CD. For vinyl and cassettes, a release represents both sides of the record or cassette.
 
   
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A medium is the actual physical medium that stores the audio content. This means that each CD in a multi-disc release will be entered as separate mediums within the release, and that both sides of a vinyl record or cassette will exist on one medium. Mediums have a format (e.g. CD, DVD, vinyl, and cassette) and can optionally also have a title. Sometimes a medium can be a side of a disc. For example, the two sides of a hybrid SACD (the CD side and the SACD side) should be entered as two mediums.
A release has a [[Release Title|ReleaseTitle]] and consists of one or more [[Track]]s. Each release has one [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] who is the [[Primary Artist|PrimaryArtist]] associated with that release. Other artists can be associated with a release using [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]].
 
   
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Tracklists represent the set and ordering of [[Track|tracks]] as listed on a liner, and the same tracklist can appear on more than one release. For example, a boxset compilation that contains previously released CDs would share the same tracklists as the separate releases.
A release has a [[Release ID|ReleaseID]], a unique identifier for that Release.
 
   
==Examples==
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== Examples ==
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* CD single: [[release:ed118c5f-d940-4b52-a37b-b1a205374abe|Creep]]
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* 2× CD album: [[release:a4864e94-6d75-4ade-bc93-0dabf3521453|The Fragile]]
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* Vinyl single: [[release:e6e4ae10-4241-43a5-a9ae-911277348c59|Feel the Music]]
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* 2× vinyl album: [[release:2b259ee4-06b0-4dbb-a248-be983aee6fbd|Blonde on Blonde]]
   
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== Style guidelines ==
* 1 CD (album): [http://musicbrainz.org/showalbum.html?albumid=59381 Desire]
 
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Please see the [[Style/Release|guidelines for releases]].
* 1 CD (single): [http://musicbrainz.org/showalbum.html?albumid=181703 Creep]
 
* CD 1 of a double album: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/a4864e94-6d75-4ade-bc93-0dabf3521453.html The Fragile (disc 1: Left)]
 
* 2-sided vinyl 12" (single): [http://musicbrainz.org/showalbum.html?albumid=464780 Feel the Music]
 
* 2-sided 2-record vinyl LP, disc 2 (album): [http://musicbrainz.org/showalbum.html?albumid=208193 Blonde on Blonde (disc 2)]
 
   
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== Release properties ==
{{ReleaseFooter}}
 
   
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=== Title ===
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Release]] [[Category:Terminology]]
 
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The title of the release.
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=== Artist ===
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The artist(s) that the release is primarily credited to, as [[Artist Credit|credited on the release]].
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=== Date ===
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The [[Release/Date|date]] the release was issued.
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=== Country ===
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The [[Release_Country|country]] the release was issued in.
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=== Label ===
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The [[Label|label]] which issued the release. There may be more than one.
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=== Catalogue number ===
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This is a number assigned to the release by the label which can often be found on the spine or near the barcode. There may be more than one, especially when multiple labels are involved. This is not the ASIN — there is a [[rt:4f2e710d-166c-480c-a293-2e2c8d658d87|relationship]] for that — nor the [[Label_Code|label code]].
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=== Barcode ===
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The [[barcode]], if the release has one. The most common types found on releases are 12-digit [[wikipedia:Universal_Product_Code|UPCs]] and 13-digit [[wikipedia:European_Article_Number|EANs]].
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=== Status ===
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The status describes how "official" a release is. Possible values are:
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::{|
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|
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;official
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:Any release officially sanctioned by the artist and/or their record company. Most releases will fit into this category.
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;promotion
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:A give-away release or a release intended to promote an upcoming official release (e.g. pre-release versions, releases included with a magazine, versions supplied to radio DJs for air-play).
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;bootleg
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:An unofficial/underground release that was not sanctioned by the artist and/or the record company. This includes unofficial live recordings and pirated releases.
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;pseudo-release
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:An alternate version of a release where the titles have been changed. These don't correspond to any real release and should be linked to the original release using the [[rt:fc399d47-23a7-4c28-bfcf-0607a562b644|transl(iter)ation relationship]].
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|}
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=== Packaging ===
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The physical packaging that accompanies the release. See the [[/Packaging|list of packaging]] for more information.
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=== Language ===
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The language a release's track list is written in. The possible values are taken from the [[wikipedia:ISO 639-3|ISO 639-3]] standard.
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=== Script ===
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The script used to write the release's track list. The possible values are taken from the [[wikipedia:ISO 15924|ISO 15924]] standard.
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::{| class="collapsible collapsed wikitable"
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! Guide to common scripts
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|-
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|
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; Latin (also known as Roman or, incorrectly, "English")
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: Latin is the most common script, and usually the correct choice. It is used for all Western European languages, and many others. It is also the most common script used for transliterations.
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; Arabic العربية
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: The Arabic script is used for languages in the Middle East and Central Asia such as Arabic, Persian and Urdu.
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; Cyrillic Кириллица
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: Cyrillic is used for languages in Eastern Europe such as Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian and Bulgarian.
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; Greek Ελληνικά
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: The Greek script is used for Greek, but several characters have also been adopted for mathematical uses.
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; Han 漢字/汉字
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: Han characters are used by Chinese, Japanese and Korean. Han (simplified), Han (traditional), Japanese, or Korean should be used instead when the variant is known.
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; Han (simplified) 简体字
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: The simplified variant of Han characters is used to write Chinese in mainland China, Malaysia and Singapore.
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; Han (traditional) 繁體字/正體字
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: The traditional variant of Han characters is used to write Chinese in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.
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; Korean 한글
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: This covers any combination of Hangul and Hanja for Korean.
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; Hebrew עברית
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: The Hebrew script is used for Hebrew, but a few characters have also been adopted for mathematical uses.
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; Japanese 漢字 & ひらがな & カタカナ
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: This covers any combination of Kanji, Hiragana and Katakana for Japanese.
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; Katakana カタカナ
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: Katakana should only be used for transliterations into Japanese (example, English->Japanese). Japanese language titles with words written in Katakana should use Japanese.
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; Thai ไทย
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: The Thai script is used for Thai, as well as some minor languages in south-east Asia.
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|}
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=== MBID ===
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See the [[MusicBrainz Identifier|page about MBIDs]] for more information.
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=== Disambiguation comment ===
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See the [[Disambiguation Comment|page about comments]] for more information.
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=== Annotation ===
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See the [[Annotation|page about annotations]] for more information.
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=== Data quality ===
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Data quality indicates how good the data for a release is. It is not a mark of how good or bad the music itself is - for that, use [[Rating System|ratings]].
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:;High quality
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::All available data has been added, if possible including cover art with liner info that proves it.
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:;Default quality
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::This is the default setting - technically "unknown" if the quality has never been modified, "normal" if it has.
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:;Low quality
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::The release needs serious fixes, or its existence is hard to prove (but it's not clearly fake).
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== Medium properties ==
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=== Title ===
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The title of this particular medium.
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=== Format ===
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The [[Release/Format|format]] of the medium.
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[[Category:Release]] [[Category:Terminology]] [[Category:WikiDocs Page]]

Revision as of 11:51, 8 December 2021

A MusicBrainz release represents the unique release (i.e. issuing) of a product on a specific date with specific release information such as the country, label, barcode and packaging. If you walk into a store and purchase an album or single, they are each represented in MusicBrainz as one release.

Each release belongs to a release group and contains at least one medium (commonly referred to as a disc when talking about a CD release). Each medium has a tracklist.

A medium is the actual physical medium that stores the audio content. This means that each CD in a multi-disc release will be entered as separate mediums within the release, and that both sides of a vinyl record or cassette will exist on one medium. Mediums have a format (e.g. CD, DVD, vinyl, and cassette) and can optionally also have a title. Sometimes a medium can be a side of a disc. For example, the two sides of a hybrid SACD (the CD side and the SACD side) should be entered as two mediums.

Tracklists represent the set and ordering of tracks as listed on a liner, and the same tracklist can appear on more than one release. For example, a boxset compilation that contains previously released CDs would share the same tracklists as the separate releases.

Examples

Style guidelines

Please see the guidelines for releases.

Release properties

Title

The title of the release.

Artist

The artist(s) that the release is primarily credited to, as credited on the release.

Date

The date the release was issued.

Country

The country the release was issued in.

Label

The label which issued the release. There may be more than one.

Catalogue number

This is a number assigned to the release by the label which can often be found on the spine or near the barcode. There may be more than one, especially when multiple labels are involved. This is not the ASIN — there is a relationship for that — nor the label code.

Barcode

The barcode, if the release has one. The most common types found on releases are 12-digit UPCs and 13-digit EANs.

Status

The status describes how "official" a release is. Possible values are:

official
Any release officially sanctioned by the artist and/or their record company. Most releases will fit into this category.
promotion
A give-away release or a release intended to promote an upcoming official release (e.g. pre-release versions, releases included with a magazine, versions supplied to radio DJs for air-play).
bootleg
An unofficial/underground release that was not sanctioned by the artist and/or the record company. This includes unofficial live recordings and pirated releases.
pseudo-release
An alternate version of a release where the titles have been changed. These don't correspond to any real release and should be linked to the original release using the transl(iter)ation relationship.

Packaging

The physical packaging that accompanies the release. See the list of packaging for more information.

Language

The language a release's track list is written in. The possible values are taken from the ISO 639-3 standard.

Script

The script used to write the release's track list. The possible values are taken from the ISO 15924 standard.

MBID

See the page about MBIDs for more information.

Disambiguation comment

See the page about comments for more information.

Annotation

See the page about annotations for more information.

Data quality

Data quality indicates how good the data for a release is. It is not a mark of how good or bad the music itself is - for that, use ratings.

High quality
All available data has been added, if possible including cover art with liner info that proves it.
Default quality
This is the default setting - technically "unknown" if the quality has never been modified, "normal" if it has.
Low quality
The release needs serious fixes, or its existence is hard to prove (but it's not clearly fake).

Medium properties

Title

The title of this particular medium.

Format

The format of the medium.