Difference between revisions of "Release/Format"

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(Should be better now (Imported from MoinMoin))
(dropping the wikipedia links and examples, the list below is much better (Imported from MoinMoin))
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The values may be:  
 
The values may be:  
 
* '''CD'''  
 
* '''CD'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Audio CD, mixed-mode CD, data CD, ...  ''([[WikiPedia:Compact_Disc|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''DVD'''  
 
* '''DVD'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">DVD-audio, DVD-video ''([[WikiPedia:DVD|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''SACD'''  
 
* '''SACD'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Super audio CD ''([[WikiPedia:Super_Audio_CD|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''DualDisc'''  
 
* '''DualDisc'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''([[WikiPedia:DualDisc|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''LaserDisc'''  
 
* '''LaserDisc'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''([[WikiPedia:Laserdisc|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''MiniDisc'''  
 
* '''MiniDisc'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''([[WikiPedia:MiniDisc|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''Vinyl'''  
 
* '''Vinyl'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''([[WikiPedia:Gramophone_record|Wikipedia]])'' (including 78 RPMs)
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''Cassette'''  
 
* '''Cassette'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Audio cassette ''([[WikiPedia:Compact_Cassette|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
* '''4-Track'''
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">4-track cartridge ''([[WikiPedia:4-track_cartridge|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''8-Track'''  
 
* '''8-Track'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">8-track cartridge ''([[WikiPedia:Stereo_8|Wikipedia]])''
+
* '''Reel-to-reel'''  
</ul>
 
* '''Reel-To-Reel'''  
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">''([[WikiPedia:Reel-to-reel_audio_tape_recording|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''DAT'''  
 
* '''DAT'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Digital audio tape ''([[WikiPedia:Digital_Audio_Tape|Wikipedia]])''
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''Digital Media'''  
 
* '''Digital Media'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Internet releases (MP3, FLAC, ogg-vorbis, WMA...)
 
</ul>
 
 
* '''Other'''  
 
* '''Other'''  
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Other formats
 
</ul>
 
  
 
==Exhaustive list==
 
==Exhaustive list==
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|  [[WikiPedia:Gramophone_record|Vinyl record]] / Quad Vinyl  ||  1948/1957/1971  ||  Common  ||  Is a simple evolution of gramophone record: Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques (LP, RIAA). Lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. Monaural were created in 1948, then stereo vinyl came later in 1957 and Quad in 1971: analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques. Combination lateral/vertical stylus motion with each channel encoded 45 degrees to the vertical.  ||  [[Image:Vynil_record.jpg]]/156px-Vynil_record.jpg  ||  Vinyl  
 
|  [[WikiPedia:Gramophone_record|Vinyl record]] / Quad Vinyl  ||  1948/1957/1971  ||  Common  ||  Is a simple evolution of gramophone record: Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques (LP, RIAA). Lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. Monaural were created in 1948, then stereo vinyl came later in 1957 and Quad in 1971: analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques. Combination lateral/vertical stylus motion with each channel encoded 45 degrees to the vertical.  ||  [[Image:Vynil_record.jpg]]/156px-Vynil_record.jpg  ||  Vinyl  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [[WikiPedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4-track_cartridge|4 tracks cartridge]] / [[WikiPedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8-track_cartridge|8 tracks cartridge]] / Quad 8 tracks  ||  1962/1965/1970  ||  Rare?  ||  Analog, 1/4 inch wide tape, 3 3/4 inches/sec, endless loop cartridge. Quad: 4 Channel Stereo.  ||  270px-Sexpistols8track  ||  4 Tracks/8 Tracks/Quad 8  
+
|  [[WikiPedia:4-track_cartridge|4 tracks cartridge]] / [[WikiPedia:8-track_cartridge|8 tracks cartridge]] / Quad 8 tracks  ||  1962/1965/1970  ||  Rare?  ||  Analog, 1/4 inch wide tape, 3 3/4 inches/sec, endless loop cartridge. Quad: 4 Channel Stereo.  ||  270px-Sexpistols8track  ||  4 Tracks/8 Tracks/Quad 8  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  [[WikiPedia:Microcassette|Microcassette]] [[WikiPedia:Minicassette|Minicassette]]  ||  1969  ||  Rare  ||  Analog, 1/8 inch wide tape, mostly mono, some stereo. 2.4 cm/s or 1.2 cm/s.  ||  [[Image:CassetteAndMicrocassette.jpg]]/250px-[[Cassette And Microcassette|CassetteAndMicrocassette]].jpg  ||  Audio cassette  
 
|  [[WikiPedia:Microcassette|Microcassette]] [[WikiPedia:Minicassette|Minicassette]]  ||  1969  ||  Rare  ||  Analog, 1/8 inch wide tape, mostly mono, some stereo. 2.4 cm/s or 1.2 cm/s.  ||  [[Image:CassetteAndMicrocassette.jpg]]/250px-[[Cassette And Microcassette|CassetteAndMicrocassette]].jpg  ||  Audio cassette  

Revision as of 14:46, 24 March 2007

Template:LabelsStatus

Description

This field describes what kind of medium is a Release distributed on.

The values may be:

  • CD
  • DVD
  • SACD
  • DualDisc
  • LaserDisc
  • MiniDisc
  • Vinyl
  • Cassette
  • 8-Track
  • Reel-to-reel
  • DAT
  • Digital Media
  • Other

Exhaustive list

Here's an attempt at listing some/most/all (?) known/existing audio physical support, and how we map them to our own list:

Purely audio physical supports

Name Date of creation Rarity Details Picture Map to
Phonograph cylinder 1877 Very rare Mechanical analog; "hill-and-dale" grooves, vertical stylus motion CylinderRecordsWPackage.jpg/200px-CylinderRecordsWPackage.jpg Other
Piano roll 1883 Very rare Mechanical digital WelteHandnuancierung.jpg/180px-WelteHandnuancierung.jpg Other
Gramophone record 1895 Common Mechanical analog; lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. The terms LP record (LP, 33, or 33-1/3 rpm record), EP, 16-2/3 rpm record (16), 45 rpm record (45), and 78 rpm record (78) refers to specific types of gramophone records Parlophone LP PMC 1202.jpg/156px-Vynil_record.jpg Vinyl
Wire recording 1898 Rare Analog; magnetization; no "bias" Peirce wire recorder.jpg/250px-Peirce_wire_recorder.jpg Other
Reel-to-Reel 1930s Rare Analog; magnetization; "bias" dramatically increases linearity/fidelity Reel-to-reel recorder tc-630.jpg/300px-Reel-to-reel_recorder_tc-630.jpg Reel-to-reel
Magnetic tape 1930s Common Analog; magnetization; "bias" dramatically increases linearity/fidelity 180px-Kaseta_magnetofonowa_ubt Audio cassette
Vinyl record / Quad Vinyl 1948/1957/1971 Common Is a simple evolution of gramophone record: Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques (LP, RIAA). Lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. Monaural were created in 1948, then stereo vinyl came later in 1957 and Quad in 1971: analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques. Combination lateral/vertical stylus motion with each channel encoded 45 degrees to the vertical. Parlophone LP PMC 1202.jpg/156px-Vynil_record.jpg Vinyl
4 tracks cartridge / 8 tracks cartridge / Quad 8 tracks 1962/1965/1970 Rare? Analog, 1/4 inch wide tape, 3 3/4 inches/sec, endless loop cartridge. Quad: 4 Channel Stereo. 270px-Sexpistols8track 4 Tracks/8 Tracks/Quad 8
Microcassette Minicassette 1969 Rare Analog, 1/8 inch wide tape, mostly mono, some stereo. 2.4 cm/s or 1.2 cm/s. CassetteAndMicrocassette.jpg/250px-CassetteAndMicrocassette.jpg Audio cassette
Compact cassette 1963 Rare? Analog, with bias, preemphasis, 1/8 inch wide tape, 17/8 inches/sec. 1970: introduced Dolby noise reduction. Side A, TDK D-C60 20041220.jpg Audio cassette
4 tracks/8 tracks/multitracks recording ? Very rare? This is not in itself a physical format (may be performed on a variety of equipments, from tape based equipment to digital equipment and hard disks). Likely to be only available in studios, as professional equipments. Tascam-16Track.jpg/300px-Tascam-16Track.jpg Other
Elcaset 1976 Rare A short lived cassette format. Elcaset.jpg/350px-Elcaset.jpg Audio cassette
Compact Disc 1982 Widely spread PCM 200px-Typical_Compact_Discsvg CD
DAT 1987 Rare Dat cartridge.jpg/250px-Dat_cartridge.jpg DAT
Mini Disc 1991 Common ATRAC Sony MZ-1 and a disc 20040221.jpg/250px-Minidisc_Sony_MZ1.jpg Minidisc
Digital Compact Cassette 1992 Very rare Other? DAT?
DTS-CD a.k.a. 5.1 Music Disc 1992 Very rare DTS Audio CD
DVD-Audio 1999 Rare? Common? DVD

Video and mixed physical supports

Name Date of creation Rarity Details Picture Map to
Betamax 1975 Common? 'Dolby Stereo' cinema surround sound. File:Sony bmc100p.jpg/180px-Sony_bmc100p.jpg Other
Laserdisc 1978 Rare? LDDVDComparison.jpg/250px-LDDVDComparison.jpg Laserdisc
DVD 1997 Widely spread DVD-R bottom-side.jpg/200px-DVD-R_bottom-side.jpg DVD
DualDisc 2003 Common? An audio cd on one side (though not redbook), and a dvd on the other side Dualdisc
HD-DVD 2005 Rare? ?
Blu-Ray 2006 Rare? ?

Partial list of digital audio formats

  • 1985 Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF)
  • 1985 Sound Designer (by Digidesign)
  • 1992 WAVEform (WAV)
  • 1992 Dolby Digital surround cinema sound
  • 1993 Digital Theatre System (DTS)
  • 1993 Sony Dynamic Digital Sound (SDDS)
  • 1995 MP3
  • 1999 Windows Media Audio (WMA)
  • 1999 The True Audio Lossless Codec (TTA)
  • 2000 Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC)
  • 2001 Advanced audio coding (AAC)
  • 2002 Ogg Vorbis
  • 2004 Apple Lossless (ALE or ALAC)

(*) Rarity is just a rough indication of availability as consumer products - values are: "Very Rare", "Rare", "Common", "Widely spread"

This is Work in Progress