Difference between revisions of "Release/Format"

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==Exhaustive list==
 
==Exhaustive list==
  
Here's an attempt at listing all (most?) known/existing audio formats, and how we map them to our own list:  
+
Here's an attempt at listing some/most/all (?) known/existing audio physical support, and how we map them to our own list:  
  
 
===Purely audio physical supports===
 
===Purely audio physical supports===
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|-
 
|-
 
|  [[WikiPedia:Digital_Compact_Cassette|Digital Compact Cassette]]  ||  1992  ||  Very rare  ||    ||    ||  Other? DAT?  
 
|  [[WikiPedia:Digital_Compact_Cassette|Digital Compact Cassette]]  ||  1992  ||  Very rare  ||    ||    ||  Other? DAT?  
 +
|-
 +
|  [[WikiPedia:DTS-CD|DTS-CD a.k.a. 5.1 Music Disc]]  ||  1992  ||  Very rare  ||  DTS Audio  ||    ||  CD
 +
|-
 +
|  [[WikiPedia:DVD-Audio|DVD-Audio]]  ||  1999  ||  Rare? Common?  ||    ||    ||  DVD
 
|}
 
|}
  
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|  Name  ||  Date of creation  ||  Rarity  ||  Details  ||  Picture  ||  Map to  
 
|  Name  ||  Date of creation  ||  Rarity  ||  Details  ||  Picture  ||  Map to  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [[WikiPedia:Betamax|Betamax]]  ||  1975  ||  Common?  ||  This is a video format. 'Dolby Stereo' cinema surround sound.  ||  [[Image:Sony_bmc100p.jpg]]/180px-Sony_bmc100p.jpg  ||  Other  
+
|  [[WikiPedia:Betamax|Betamax]]  ||  1975  ||  Common?  ||  'Dolby Stereo' cinema surround sound.  ||  [[Image:Sony_bmc100p.jpg]]/180px-Sony_bmc100p.jpg  ||  Other  
 +
|-
 +
|  [[WikiPedia:Laserdisc|Laserdisc]]  ||  1978  ||  Rare?  ||    ||  [[Image:LDDVDComparison.jpg]]/250px-LDDVDComparison.jpg  ||  Laserdisc
 +
|-
 +
|  [[WikiPedia:DVD|DVD]]  ||  1997  ||  Widely spread  ||    ||  [[Image:DVD-R_bottom-side.jpg]]/200px-DVD-R_bottom-side.jpg  ||  DVD
 
|-
 
|-
|  [[WikiPedia:Laserdisc|Laserdisc]]  ||  1978 || Rare?  ||  This is a video format. || [[Image:LDDVDComparison.jpg]]/250px-LDDVDComparison.jpg  ||  Other?
+
|  [[WikiPedia:DualDisc|DualDisc]]  ||  2003 ||   Common?  ||  An audio cd on one side (though not redbook), and a dvd on the other side ||   ||  Dualdisc
|}
 
 
 
1985            Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF) 1985            Sound Designer (by Digidesign)
 
{| border="1"
 
 
|-
 
|-
|  [[WikiPedia:Digital_Compact_Cassette|Digital Compact Cassette]]  ||  1992 ||  Very rare ||    ||    ||  Other? DAT?  
+
|  [[WikiPedia:HD-DVD|HD-DVD]]  ||  2005 ||  Rare? ||    ||    ||  ?  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [[WikiPedia:Digital_Compact_Cassette|Digital Compact Cassette]]  ||  1992 ||  Very rare ||    ||    ||  Other? DAT?  
+
|  [[WikiPedia:Blu-Ray|Blu-Ray]]  ||  2006 ||  Rare? ||    ||    ||  ?  
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
===Partial list of digital audio formats===
 +
 +
* 1985                Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF)
 +
* 1985                Sound Designer (by Digidesign)
 +
* 1992                WAVEform (WAV)
 +
* 1992                Dolby Digital surround cinema sound
 +
* 1993                Digital Theatre System (DTS)
 +
* 1993                Sony Dynamic Digital Sound (SDDS)
 +
* 1995                MP3
 +
* 1999                Windows Media Audio (WMA)
 +
* 1999                The True Audio Lossless Codec (TTA)
 +
* 2000                Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC)
 +
* 2001                Advanced audio coding (AAC)
 +
* 2002                Ogg Vorbis
 +
* 2004                Apple Lossless (ALE or ALAC)
  
 
(*) Rarity is just a rough indication of availability as consumer products - values are: "Very Rare", "Rare", "Common", "Widely spread"  
 
(*) Rarity is just a rough indication of availability as consumer products - values are: "Very Rare", "Rare", "Common", "Widely spread"  

Revision as of 14:30, 24 March 2007

Template:LabelsStatus

Description

This field describes what kind of medium is a Release distributed on.

The values may be:

  • CD
  • Audio CD, mixed-mode CD, data CD, ... (Wikipedia)
  • DVD
  • SACD
  • DualDisc
  • LaserDisc
  • MiniDisc
  • Vinyl
  • Cassette
  • 4-Track
  • 8-Track
  • Reel-To-Reel
  • DAT
  • Digital Media
  • Internet releases (MP3, FLAC, ogg-vorbis, WMA...)
  • Other
  • Other formats

Exhaustive list

Here's an attempt at listing some/most/all (?) known/existing audio physical support, and how we map them to our own list:

Purely audio physical supports

Name Date of creation Rarity Details Picture Map to
Phonograph cylinder 1877 Very rare Mechanical analog; "hill-and-dale" grooves, vertical stylus motion CylinderRecordsWPackage.jpg/200px-CylinderRecordsWPackage.jpg Other
Piano roll 1883 Very rare Mechanical digital WelteHandnuancierung.jpg/180px-WelteHandnuancierung.jpg Other
Gramophone record 1895 Common Mechanical analog; lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. The terms LP record (LP, 33, or 33-1/3 rpm record), EP, 16-2/3 rpm record (16), 45 rpm record (45), and 78 rpm record (78) refers to specific types of gramophone records Parlophone LP PMC 1202.jpg/156px-Vynil_record.jpg Vinyl
Wire recording 1898 Rare Analog; magnetization; no "bias" Peirce wire recorder.jpg/250px-Peirce_wire_recorder.jpg Other
Reel-to-Reel 1930s Rare Analog; magnetization; "bias" dramatically increases linearity/fidelity Reel-to-reel recorder tc-630.jpg/300px-Reel-to-reel_recorder_tc-630.jpg Reel-to-reel
Magnetic tape 1930s Common Analog; magnetization; "bias" dramatically increases linearity/fidelity 180px-Kaseta_magnetofonowa_ubt Audio cassette
Vinyl record / Quad Vinyl 1948/1957/1971 Common Is a simple evolution of gramophone record: Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques (LP, RIAA). Lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. Monaural were created in 1948, then stereo vinyl came later in 1957 and Quad in 1971: analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques. Combination lateral/vertical stylus motion with each channel encoded 45 degrees to the vertical. Parlophone LP PMC 1202.jpg/156px-Vynil_record.jpg Vinyl
4 tracks cartridge / 8 tracks cartridge / Quad 8 tracks 1962/1965/1970 Rare? Analog, 1/4 inch wide tape, 3 3/4 inches/sec, endless loop cartridge. Quad: 4 Channel Stereo. 270px-Sexpistols8track 4 Tracks/8 Tracks/Quad 8
Microcassette Minicassette 1969 Rare Analog, 1/8 inch wide tape, mostly mono, some stereo. 2.4 cm/s or 1.2 cm/s. CassetteAndMicrocassette.jpg/250px-CassetteAndMicrocassette.jpg Audio cassette
Compact cassette 1963 Rare? Analog, with bias, preemphasis, 1/8 inch wide tape, 17/8 inches/sec. 1970: introduced Dolby noise reduction. Side A, TDK D-C60 20041220.jpg Audio cassette
4 tracks/8 tracks/multitracks recording ? Very rare? This is not in itself a physical format (may be performed on a variety of equipments, from tape based equipment to digital equipment and hard disks). Likely to be only available in studios, as professional equipments. Tascam-16Track.jpg/300px-Tascam-16Track.jpg Other
Elcaset 1976 Rare A short lived cassette format. Elcaset.jpg/350px-Elcaset.jpg Audio cassette
Compact Disc 1982 Widely spread PCM 200px-Typical_Compact_Discsvg CD
DAT 1987 Rare Dat cartridge.jpg/250px-Dat_cartridge.jpg DAT
Mini Disc 1991 Common ATRAC Sony MZ-1 and a disc 20040221.jpg/250px-Minidisc_Sony_MZ1.jpg Minidisc
Digital Compact Cassette 1992 Very rare Other? DAT?
DTS-CD a.k.a. 5.1 Music Disc 1992 Very rare DTS Audio CD
DVD-Audio 1999 Rare? Common? DVD

Video and mixed physical supports

Name Date of creation Rarity Details Picture Map to
Betamax 1975 Common? 'Dolby Stereo' cinema surround sound. File:Sony bmc100p.jpg/180px-Sony_bmc100p.jpg Other
Laserdisc 1978 Rare? LDDVDComparison.jpg/250px-LDDVDComparison.jpg Laserdisc
DVD 1997 Widely spread DVD-R bottom-side.jpg/200px-DVD-R_bottom-side.jpg DVD
DualDisc 2003 Common? An audio cd on one side (though not redbook), and a dvd on the other side Dualdisc
HD-DVD 2005 Rare? ?
Blu-Ray 2006 Rare? ?

Partial list of digital audio formats

  • 1985 Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF)
  • 1985 Sound Designer (by Digidesign)
  • 1992 WAVEform (WAV)
  • 1992 Dolby Digital surround cinema sound
  • 1993 Digital Theatre System (DTS)
  • 1993 Sony Dynamic Digital Sound (SDDS)
  • 1995 MP3
  • 1999 Windows Media Audio (WMA)
  • 1999 The True Audio Lossless Codec (TTA)
  • 2000 Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC)
  • 2001 Advanced audio coding (AAC)
  • 2002 Ogg Vorbis
  • 2004 Apple Lossless (ALE or ALAC)

(*) Rarity is just a rough indication of availability as consumer products - values are: "Very Rare", "Rare", "Common", "Widely spread"

This is Work in Progress