Difference between revisions of "Release/Format"

From MusicBrainz Wiki
(ok, merged the tables -- still lots of cleanup work to do)
(further cleanup; show the parent/child relationships, move one other one to the leftovers table, remove the now-redundant Map To column)
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{| border="1"
 
{| border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| Name || Date of creation || Rarity || Details || Map to
+
!colspan="2"|Name || Date of creation || Rarity || Details
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Compact_Disc|Compact Disc]] || 1982 || Widespread || PCM, Avaialble in 120mm and 80mm formats. || CD
+
| [[WikiPedia:Compact_Disc|Compact Disc]] || || 1982 || Widespread || PCM, Avaialble in 120mm and 80mm formats.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:DTS-CD|DTS-CD a.k.a. 5.1 Music Disc]] || 1992 || Very rare || DTS Audio || CD
+
| || [[WikiPedia:DTS-CD|DTS-CD a.k.a. 5.1 Music Disc]] || 1992 || Very rare || DTS Audio
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || Data CD
+
| || Data CD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || Enhanced CD
+
| || Enhanced CD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || HDCD
+
| || HDCD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || CD-R
+
| || CD-R
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || 8cm CD
+
|  ||8cm CD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[wikipedia:Blu-spec CD|Blu-spec CD]] || 2008 || Common || PCM || CD
+
| ||[[wikipedia:Blu-spec CD|Blu-spec CD]] || 2008 || Common || PCM
 
|-
 
|-
| [http://shm-cd.jp SHM-CD] ([http://shm-cd.co-site.jp/about/ english]) (Super High Material CD) || 2008 || Common || PCM || CD
+
| ||[http://shm-cd.jp SHM-CD] ([http://shm-cd.co-site.jp/about/ english]) (Super High Material CD) || 2008 || Common || PCM
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || HQCD
+
|  ||HQCD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || CD+G
+
|  ||CD+G
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Gramophone_record|Vinyl record]] / Quad Vinyl || 1948/1957/1971 || Common || Is a simple evolution of gramophone record: Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques (LP, RIAA). Lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. Monaural were created in 1948, then stereo vinyl came later in 1957 and Quad in 1971: analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques. Combination lateral/vertical stylus motion with each channel encoded 45 degrees to the vertical. || Vinyl
+
| [[WikiPedia:Gramophone_record|Vinyl]] || || 1948/1957/1971 || Common || Vinyl / Quad Vinyl -- Is a simple evolution of gramophone record: Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques (LP, RIAA). Lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. Monaural were created in 1948, then stereo vinyl came later in 1957 and Quad in 1971: analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques. Combination lateral/vertical stylus motion with each channel encoded 45 degrees to the vertical.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || 7" Vinyl
+
| || 7" Vinyl
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || 10" Vinyl
+
|  ||10" Vinyl
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || 12" Vinyl
+
|  ||12" Vinyl
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||| Common? ||  || Digital Media
+
|  Digital Media
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Compact_Cassette|Compact cassette]] || 1963 || (still) common? || Analog, with bias, preemphasis, 1/8 inch wide tape, 17/8 inches/sec. 1970: introduced Dolby noise reduction. || Cassette
+
| [[WikiPedia:Compact Cassette|Cassette]]|| || 1963 || (still) common? || Analog, with bias, preemphasis, 1/8 inch wide tape, 17/8 inches/sec. 1970: introduced Dolby noise reduction.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||| Common? ||  || DVD
+
|  DVD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:DVD-Audio|DVD-Audio]] || 1999 || Rare? Common? || || DVD-Audio
+
| ||[[WikiPedia:DVD-Audio|DVD-Audio]] || 1999 || Rare? Common? ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:DVD|DVD]] || 1997 || Widespread || || DVD-Video
+
| ||[[WikiPedia:DVD|DVD-Video]] || 1997 || Widespread ||  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Super_Audio_CD|SACD]] || 1999 || Rare? Common? || || SACD
+
| [[WikiPedia:Super_Audio_CD|SACD]]|| || 1999 || Rare? Common? ||  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || Hybrid SACD
+
|  ||Hybrid SACD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:DualDisc|DualDisc]] || 2003 || Common? || An audio cd on one side (though not redbook), and a dvd on the other side || DualDisc
+
| [[WikiPedia:DualDisc|DualDisc]]|| || 2003 || Common? || An audio cd on one side (though not redbook), and a dvd on the other side  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || 8cm CD+G
+
| || 8cm CD+G
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:MiniDisc|MiniDisc]] || 1991 || Common || ATRAC || MiniDisc
+
| [[WikiPedia:MiniDisc|MiniDisc]]|| || 1991 || Common || ATRAC  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Blu-Ray|Blu-ray]] || 2006 || Common || || Blu-ray
+
| [[WikiPedia:Blu-Ray|Blu-ray]]|| || 2006 || Common ||  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:HD-DVD|HD-DVD]] || 2005 || Rare? || || HD-DVD
+
| [[WikiPedia:HD-DVD|HD-DVD]] |||| 2005 || Rare? ||  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||| Common? ||  || Videotape
+
|  Videotape
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:VHS|VHS]] || 197X || Common || || VHS
+
| ||[[WikiPedia:VHS|VHS]] || 197X || Common ||  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Betamax|Betamax]] || 1975 || Common? || 'Dolby Stereo' cinema surround sound. || Betamax
+
| ||[[WikiPedia:Betamax|Betamax]] || 1975 || Common? || 'Dolby Stereo' cinema surround sound.  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||| Common? ||  || VCD
+
|  VCD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||| Common? ||  || CDV
+
|  CDV
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || SVCD (subtype of CDV)
+
|  ||SVCD
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:|WikiPedia:]] ||  || Common? ||  || UMD
+
UMD
 +
|-
 +
| Other
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Wire_recording|Wire recording]] || 1898 || Rare || Analog; magnetization; no "bias" || Other
+
| || Cartridge || 1962/1965/1970 || Rare? || [[WikiPedia:4-track_cartridge|4 track]] / [[WikiPedia:8-track_cartridge|8 track]] / Quad 8 tracks -- Analog, 1/4 inch wide tape, 3 3/4 inches/sec, endless loop cartridge. Quad: 4 Channel Stereo.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:4-track_cartridge|4 tracks cartridge]] / [[WikiPedia:8-track_cartridge|8 tracks cartridge]] / Quad 8 tracks || 1962/1965/1970 || Rare? || Analog, 1/4 inch wide tape, 3 3/4 inches/sec, endless loop cartridge. Quad: 4 Channel Stereo. || Cartridge (4/8-tracks)
+
| || [[WikiPedia:Phonograph_cylinder|Wax Cylinder]] || 1877 || Very rare || Mechanical analog; "hill-and-dale" grooves, vertical stylus motion
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Phonograph_cylinder|Phonograph cylinder]] || 1877 || Very rare || Mechanical analog; "hill-and-dale" grooves, vertical stylus motion || Wax Cylinder
+
| || [[WikiPedia:USB_flash_drive#Music_storage_and_marketing|USB flash drive]] || 2004 (as music format) || Common? ||  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:USB_flash_drive#Music_storage_and_marketing|USB flash drive]] || 2004 (as music format) || Common? || || USB Flash Drive
+
| || [[WikiPedia:Laserdisc|LaserDisc]] || 1978 || Rare? ||  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Laserdisc|Laserdisc]] || 1978 || Rare? || || LaserDisc
+
| || [[WikiPedia:Piano_roll|Piano roll]] || 1883 || Very rare || Mechanical digital
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Piano_roll|Piano roll]] || 1883 || Very rare || Mechanical digital || Piano Roll
+
| || [[WikiPedia:Digital_Audio_Tape|DAT]] || 1987 || Rare ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Digital_Audio_Tape|DAT]] || 1987 || Rare || || DAT
+
| || [[WikiPedia:Reel-to-reel_audio_tape_recording|Reel-to-Reel]] || 1930s || Rare || Analog; magnetization; "bias" dramatically increases linearity/fidelity
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Reel-to-reel_audio_tape_recording|Reel-to-Reel]] || 1930s || Rare || Analog; magnetization; "bias" dramatically increases linearity/fidelity || Reel-to-reel
+
| || [[WikiPedia:Digital_Compact_Cassette|Digital Compact Cassette]] || 1992 || Very rare ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[WikiPedia:Digital_Compact_Cassette|Digital Compact Cassette]] || 1992 || Very rare || || DCC
+
| || [[WikiPedia:slotMusic|slotMusic]] || 2008 || Common? || slotMusic is a type of microSD memory card developed by SanDisk preloaded with music in DRM-free MP3 format and other content. The current selection of songs comes from EMI Music, Sony BMG, Universal Music Group, and Warner Music Group.
|-
 
| [[WikiPedia:slotMusic|slotMusic]] || 2008 || Common? || slotMusic is a type of microSD memory card developed by SanDisk preloaded with music in DRM-free MP3 format and other content. The current selection of songs comes from EMI Music, Sony BMG, Universal Music Group, and Warner Music Group. || slotMusic
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Name || Date of creation || Rarity || Details || Map to
 
| Name || Date of creation || Rarity || Details || Map to
 +
|-
 +
| [[WikiPedia:Wire_recording|Wire recording]] || 1898 || Rare || Analog; magnetization; no "bias" || Other
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[WikiPedia:Microcassette|Microcassette]] [[WikiPedia:Minicassette|Minicassette]] || 1969 || Rare || Analog, 1/8 inch wide tape, mostly mono, some stereo. 2.4 cm/s or 1.2 cm/s. || Cassette
 
| [[WikiPedia:Microcassette|Microcassette]] [[WikiPedia:Minicassette|Minicassette]] || 1969 || Rare || Analog, 1/8 inch wide tape, mostly mono, some stereo. 2.4 cm/s or 1.2 cm/s. || Cassette

Revision as of 02:02, 23 November 2014

Template:DocumentationHeader

This field describes which medium a release is distributed on. Normally a release will be distributed on multiple media with different catalog numbers and barcodes; each should have a separate release event.

The values may be:

Name Date of creation Rarity Details
Compact Disc 1982 Widespread PCM, Avaialble in 120mm and 80mm formats.
DTS-CD a.k.a. 5.1 Music Disc 1992 Very rare DTS Audio
Data CD
Enhanced CD
HDCD
CD-R
8cm CD
Blu-spec CD 2008 Common PCM
SHM-CD (english) (Super High Material CD) 2008 Common PCM
HQCD
CD+G
Vinyl 1948/1957/1971 Common Vinyl / Quad Vinyl -- Is a simple evolution of gramophone record: Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques (LP, RIAA). Lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. Monaural were created in 1948, then stereo vinyl came later in 1957 and Quad in 1971: analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques. Combination lateral/vertical stylus motion with each channel encoded 45 degrees to the vertical.
7" Vinyl
10" Vinyl
12" Vinyl
Digital Media
Cassette 1963 (still) common? Analog, with bias, preemphasis, 1/8 inch wide tape, 17/8 inches/sec. 1970: introduced Dolby noise reduction.
DVD
DVD-Audio 1999 Rare? Common?
DVD-Video 1997 Widespread
SACD 1999 Rare? Common?
Hybrid SACD
DualDisc 2003 Common? An audio cd on one side (though not redbook), and a dvd on the other side
8cm CD+G
MiniDisc 1991 Common ATRAC
Blu-ray 2006 Common
HD-DVD 2005 Rare?
Videotape
VHS 197X Common
Betamax 1975 Common? 'Dolby Stereo' cinema surround sound.
VCD
CDV
SVCD
UMD
Other
Cartridge 1962/1965/1970 Rare? 4 track / 8 track / Quad 8 tracks -- Analog, 1/4 inch wide tape, 3 3/4 inches/sec, endless loop cartridge. Quad: 4 Channel Stereo.
Wax Cylinder 1877 Very rare Mechanical analog; "hill-and-dale" grooves, vertical stylus motion
USB flash drive 2004 (as music format) Common?
LaserDisc 1978 Rare?
Piano roll 1883 Very rare Mechanical digital
DAT 1987 Rare
Reel-to-Reel 1930s Rare Analog; magnetization; "bias" dramatically increases linearity/fidelity
Digital Compact Cassette 1992 Very rare
slotMusic 2008 Common? slotMusic is a type of microSD memory card developed by SanDisk preloaded with music in DRM-free MP3 format and other content. The current selection of songs comes from EMI Music, Sony BMG, Universal Music Group, and Warner Music Group.

(*) Rarity is just a rough indication of availability as consumer products - values are: "Very Rare", "Rare", "Common", "Widespread"

Other items from the list I'm not sure how to fit in

Name Date of creation Rarity Details Map to
Wire recording 1898 Rare Analog; magnetization; no "bias" Other
Microcassette Minicassette 1969 Rare Analog, 1/8 inch wide tape, mostly mono, some stereo. 2.4 cm/s or 1.2 cm/s. Cassette
4 tracks/8 tracks/multitracks recording ? Very rare? This is not in itself a physical format (may be performed on a variety of equipments, from tape based equipment to digital equipment and hard disks). Likely to be only available in studios, as professional equipments. Other
Elcaset 1976 Rare A short lived cassette format. Cassette
VinylDisc 2007 Rare? It is made from two fused layers; the silver layer contains the digital information (either in CD or DVD format) and the upper layer has a record groove, meaning it can be played on any record-player. Other? DualDisc?
SD card ? ? Any type of SD card can be used for music. If slotMusic is just a branded form of SD card, then perhaps that should just be renamed. Other? Digital?
Gramophone record 1895 Common Mechanical analog; lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion. The terms LP record (LP, 33, or 33-1/3 rpm record), EP, 16-2/3 rpm record (16), 45 rpm record (45), and 78 rpm record (78) refers to specific types of gramophone records Vinyl

Partial list of digital audio formats

More information

  • The original ticket that led to our implementation is 2565
  • Mailing list discussion is here
  • Wikipedia has a list of Audio Formats