Difference between revisions of "Style/Artist"

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==Name==
 
==Name==
   
The artist name is the official name of an artist, whether it is a person or a band. In most cases, it is the name as found on releases. If an artist uses multiple names, see the guideline for [[/With multiple names|artists using multiple names]] for more details.
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The artist name is the official name of an artist, whether it is a person, band, or character. In most cases, it is the name as found on releases.
   
 
Note that you can change how an artist is credited on a release or track when you enter that release. There is usually no need to add a new artist to the database if the artist is already present in our database under a (slightly) different name.
 
Note that you can change how an artist is credited on a release or track when you enter that release. There is usually no need to add a new artist to the database if the artist is already present in our database under a (slightly) different name.
   
  +
Keep in mind MusicBrainz is an international site, and "official name" doesn't necessarily mean "most common English name". For example, the "official name" for the Japanese composer [[artist:4e871dff-df89-45f5-857f-28067cdc9d5e|Tōru Takemitsu]] is "武満徹", not "Tōru Takemitsu" (which is the primary English alias instead).
===Definite Articles===
 
Where an artist name starts with a [[wikipedia:wikt:definite_article|definite article]] (eg. ''the'', ''le'', ''el'', ''der'') on a release, always check whether the definite article is actually part of the artist name when adding or editing the artist. If in doubt, ignore the definite article.
 
   
 
===Definite articles and titles===
If an artist name does not start with a definite article, but is credited with a definite article on a release, include the definite article in the artist credit. The exception to this is where a join phrase is used before the artist name - in this case, include the definite article in the join phrase.
 
  +
Only include [[wikipedia:wikt:definite_article|definite articles]] (like "The", "El" or "Der") and honorary titles (like "Sir" or "MBE") if they're actually used by the artist as part of its name. If it's not clear, leave them out, and just add them to the [[Style/Artist Credits|artist credit]] when printed.
   
  +
*[[artist:ce8cacb6-c917-41f5-b403-8fb601c89e70|Glenn Miller Orchestra]] doesn't have an article on their official name (but [[release:5b45204b-5de5-4192-a416-fd73dd1e2ca2|In the Nutcracker Mood]] is credited to "The Glenn Miller Orchestra").
'''Examples'''
 
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*[[artist:ba550d0e-adac-4864-b88b-407cab5e76af|Paul McCartney]] has been knighted. He doesn't usually perform or record as "Sir Paul McCartney", so "Sir" shouldn't be part the artist name (but he is credited as "Sir Paul McCartney" in [[release:592302f9-09a8-4309-9113-9965cd6350e0|A Garland for Linda]]).
*[[artist:ce8cacb6-c917-41f5-b403-8fb601c89e70|The Glenn Miller Orchestra]] should actually be "Glenn Miller Orchestra", according to their US website.
 
  +
**[[release:120c8867-f999-4aba-832e-74082964f27e|In the Mood]] should be credited to "Glenn Miller Orchestra" since that is the credit on the release.
 
  +
===Performance names and legal names===
**[[release:5b45204b-5de5-4192-a416-fd73dd1e2ca2|In the Nutcracker Mood]] should be credited to "The Glenn Miller Orchestra" since the definite article is used on the release, and there is no join phrase.
 
  +
Generally, use the name the artist mainly performs under as the artist name. Alternative names, including any legal names and name variations, should generally be entered as [[Aliases|aliases]], and can be used in artist credits and relationship credits when appropriate.
**[[release:f0cfc670-9f33-4792-9d7b-566a66d70d2c|The Chesterfield Broadcasts, Volume 1]] should be credited to "The Andrews Sisters" and "Glenn Miller Orchestra" using the join phrase "with the".
 
  +
  +
* [[artist:4a4ee089-93b1-4470-af9a-6ff575d32704|The Prodigy]] have an alias of (and some releases credited to) "Prodigy".
  +
* [[artist:7c20f558-d664-42bd-b6f1-81acf9dbb72d|t.A.T.u.]] were originally known as "Тату" in Russia (they later used "t.A.T.u." everywhere).
  +
* [[artist:42922db2-2e80-44b8-9cdf-0b3a6634c124|Yazoo]] are known as "Yaz" in the USA after a lawsuit from another American artist called Yazoo.
  +
  +
In some cases, a person (or, more rarely, a group) can perform under multiple names that they actually consider different projects, and not just alternative names. In that case, you should add each artist separately. If they're a person, a separate legal name artist should be added, and linked to all performance names with the [[rt:dd9886f2-1dfe-4270-97db-283f6839a666|is person ("performs as")]] relationship. In this case, do not add legal name aliases to the performance names. For groups, just link each group to their members.
  +
  +
* [[artist:a343493e-42f5-47cf-9ccf-9f399aafbe10|Tomoko Kawase]] performs under two different personas, with different styles: [[artist:ec53333e-2067-44ba-8222-79a40cbef550|Tommy february⁶]] and [[artist:02b99ce4-adae-474b-bd30-37a00e0af272|Tommy heavenly⁶]].
  +
* [[artist:965f5705-6eb1-49a1-b312-cd3d65bcc7c9|Calvin Broadus]] is most known as [[artist:f90e8b26-9e52-4669-a5c9-e28529c47894|Snoop Dogg]], but has a reggae side project, [[artist:960db060-0ba8-4f6c-9770-49b81dc6e5ea|Snoop Lion]].
  +
  +
===Trans artists===
  +
If a trans artist changes their performance name to match their gender, always use the current name, not a deadname, as the artist name (even if more releases exist under the deadname at the time of the edit).
   
 
==Sort name==
 
==Sort name==
   
See the guideline for [[/Sort Name|sortnames]].
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See the guideline for [[/Sort Name|sort names]].
   
 
== Disambiguation comment==
 
== Disambiguation comment==
   
  +
Disambiguation comments should be short but informative. See more at [[Disambiguation Comment]].
Disambiguation comments should be kept fairly short, with just enough information that someone reading it will recognize the artist they're looking for. The comment field is ''not'' a place to store general background information about the artist, that kind of information should go in the artist's annotation.
 
   
  +
==Area==
Examples:
 
* [[artist:593abf14-4292-4d62-b365-79c7674cd1a5|Randy Jackson]] has the disambiguation comment "brother of Michael and Janet."
 
* [[artist:39828c81-cc39-4e8a-8e00-f0874c657d47|Randy Jackson]] has the disambiguation comment "former bassist with Journey and American Idol Judge"
 
   
==Country==
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===Main area===
 
For people, use the country where they were born and raised. For groups, use the country where the band was formed. For characters, use the country where the character was created. If the artist is predominantly active in a different country, use that country instead.
   
 
* [[artist:f27ec8db-af05-4f36-916e-3d57f91ecf5e|Michael Jackson]] has the area [[area:489ce91b-6658-3307-9877-795b68554c98|United States]].
For people, use the country where they were born and raised. For groups, use the country where the band was formed. If the artist is predominantly active in a different country, use that country instead.
 
 
* [[artist:b10bbbfc-cf9e-42e0-be17-e2c3e1d2600d|The Beatles]] have the area [[area:8a754a16-0027-3a29-b6d7-2b40ea0481ed|United Kingdom]].
   
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If an artist is most commonly associated with an area smaller than a country, select that instead.
Examples:
 
  +
* [[artist:f27ec8db-af05-4f36-916e-3d57f91ecf5e|Michael Jackson]] has the country "United States"
 
  +
* [[artist:dea28aa9-1086-4ffa-8739-0ccc759de1ce|Berliner Philharmoniker]] has the area [[area:c9ac1239-e832-41bc-9930-e252a1fd1105|Berlin]].
* [[artist:b10bbbfc-cf9e-42e0-be17-e2c3e1d2600d|The Beatles]] have the country "United Kingdom"
 
  +
* [[artist:d75d1f08-bbb8-4eae-9877-399ca9121197|Mobb Deep]] have the area [[area:675bbb61-a94a-4b54-9242-1fbf81a46ee6|Queensbridge]].
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===Begin and end area===
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Use as precise an area as you can (city or region are better than just country). Remember for people this means birth and death locations, rather than where they started their career.
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* [[artist:4d5447d7-c61c-4120-ba1b-d7f471d385b9|John Lennon]] was born in [[area:c249c30e-88ab-4b2f-a745-96a25bd7afee|Liverpool]] and died in [[area:261962ea-d8c2-4eaf-a80c-f14376ffadb0|Manhattan]].
   
 
==Gender==
 
==Gender==
   
Use the gender the artist identifies as. Use "other" if the artist identifies as something other than "male" or "female".
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Use the gender the artist identifies as. Use "non-binary" if the artist identifies as something other than "male" or "female". Also use "non-binary", as the widest option, for anything that would seem to require more than one gender, since that is not currently possible (e.g. "non-binary trans woman").
  +
  +
For characters, the fictional gender of the character should be used. This might not match the gender of a person who performed the character.
  +
  +
The "non-binary" gender is not intended for use with entities for which the concept of gender is illogical, such as companies. For those, use "Not applicable".
   
The "other" gender option is meant to represent a gender that is neither male nor female, and is not intended for use with entities for which the concept of gender is illogical, such as companies.
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The "other" gender option is deprecated and should not be used.
   
 
==Aliases==
 
==Aliases==
   
See the guideline for [[/Aliases|aliases]].
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See the [[Style/Aliases|guidelines for aliases]].
   
   
 
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[[Category:WikiDocs Page]]
 

Latest revision as of 11:34, 4 August 2022

Status: This is an official style guideline.

Name

The artist name is the official name of an artist, whether it is a person, band, or character. In most cases, it is the name as found on releases.

Note that you can change how an artist is credited on a release or track when you enter that release. There is usually no need to add a new artist to the database if the artist is already present in our database under a (slightly) different name.

Keep in mind MusicBrainz is an international site, and "official name" doesn't necessarily mean "most common English name". For example, the "official name" for the Japanese composer Tōru Takemitsu is "武満徹", not "Tōru Takemitsu" (which is the primary English alias instead).

Definite articles and titles

Only include definite articles (like "The", "El" or "Der") and honorary titles (like "Sir" or "MBE") if they're actually used by the artist as part of its name. If it's not clear, leave them out, and just add them to the artist credit when printed.

Performance names and legal names

Generally, use the name the artist mainly performs under as the artist name. Alternative names, including any legal names and name variations, should generally be entered as aliases, and can be used in artist credits and relationship credits when appropriate.

  • The Prodigy have an alias of (and some releases credited to) "Prodigy".
  • t.A.T.u. were originally known as "Тату" in Russia (they later used "t.A.T.u." everywhere).
  • Yazoo are known as "Yaz" in the USA after a lawsuit from another American artist called Yazoo.

In some cases, a person (or, more rarely, a group) can perform under multiple names that they actually consider different projects, and not just alternative names. In that case, you should add each artist separately. If they're a person, a separate legal name artist should be added, and linked to all performance names with the is person ("performs as") relationship. In this case, do not add legal name aliases to the performance names. For groups, just link each group to their members.

Trans artists

If a trans artist changes their performance name to match their gender, always use the current name, not a deadname, as the artist name (even if more releases exist under the deadname at the time of the edit).

Sort name

See the guideline for sort names.

Disambiguation comment

Disambiguation comments should be short but informative. See more at Disambiguation Comment.

Area

Main area

For people, use the country where they were born and raised. For groups, use the country where the band was formed. For characters, use the country where the character was created. If the artist is predominantly active in a different country, use that country instead.

If an artist is most commonly associated with an area smaller than a country, select that instead.

Begin and end area

Use as precise an area as you can (city or region are better than just country). Remember for people this means birth and death locations, rather than where they started their career.

Gender

Use the gender the artist identifies as. Use "non-binary" if the artist identifies as something other than "male" or "female". Also use "non-binary", as the widest option, for anything that would seem to require more than one gender, since that is not currently possible (e.g. "non-binary trans woman").

For characters, the fictional gender of the character should be used. This might not match the gender of a person who performed the character.

The "non-binary" gender is not intended for use with entities for which the concept of gender is illogical, such as companies. For those, use "Not applicable".

The "other" gender option is deprecated and should not be used.

Aliases

See the guidelines for aliases.


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