Difference between revisions of "Style/Artist/Sort Name"

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=Style for sorting artist names=
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{{Official style}}
  
This pages describes how to format the [[Artist Sort Name|ArtistSortName]] for [[Artist Name|ArtistName]]<code><nowiki></nowiki></code>s.  
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This page describes how to format an artist's sort name.
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">This is an [[Official Style Guideline|OfficialStyleGuideline]].
 
</ul>
 
  
Sortnames are heavily edited in order to sort all artists well, international ones and those with extremely weird names. The following rules apply:
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==Guidelines==
# All [[Artist Sort Name|ArtistSortName]]<code><nowiki></nowiki></code>s should be '''in Latin script'''. For Japanese, Chinese, Greek, etc. [[Artist Name|ArtistName]]<code><nowiki></nowiki></code>s this means they have to be transliterated.  
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<ol>
# For artist names that are stylised, '''change stylised characters''' to their equivalent letter and remove any style-only characters and apply the rules below. This applies to names which include unusual punctuation or spacing which is not intended to be pronounced using the normal rules.  
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<li>Person artist names have sort name "family name, given name".</li>
# [[Artist Sort Name|ArtistSortName]]<code><nowiki></nowiki></code>s '''contain all the accented characters''' that are present in the [[Artist Name|ArtistName]], as long as they're in Latin script.
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<ol style="list-style-type:lower-alpha">
# '''Numerals do not change.'''
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<li>Middle names and nicknames should be treated as a part of the given name.</li>
# If an [[Artist Name|ArtistName]] consists of two or more '''collaborating artists, each individual name is sorted separately''' according to the rules below. The 'separator' (e.g. "&", "and", "with", "vs." or "," (comma)) stays the same.
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<li> Names beginning with an abbreviated title, such as Dr., DJ, or MC should have the title treated as if it were a part of the given name.</li>
# All parts of a sort name are separated by ", " (comma and space). How to distinguishing parts is explained below.  
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<li>Family names which begin with an abbreviation should have the abbreviation expanded in the sort name.</li>
#* For artist names that are regular names, the sort name will be "Last Name, First Name".  Example: ''"Eric Clapton"'' 's sort name is ''"Clapton, Eric"''.
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<li>Suffixes like "Jr." and "Sr." should be listed after the given name.</li>
#* For artist names that are ficticious names, the sort name is the same as the artist name. Examples: ''"Franz Ferdinand"'' and ''"Cypress Hill"''.
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</ol>
#* For artist names that start with "The", that word is treated as is it were a first name of a regular name. Examples: ''"The Beatles"'' have sort name ''"Beatles, The"''. 
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<li>Group artist names beginning with an [[WikiPedia:Article_(grammar)|article]] ''(a, an, the, etc.)'' have the article moved to the end of their sort name.</li>
#* Non-english articles like La, El, Los and Le are treated as the English article The. Example: ''"Los Lobos"'' have sort name ''"Lobos, Los"''.
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<ol style="list-style-type:lower-alpha">
#* For artist names that start with a title like "Dr.", "DJ" or "MC", that title is treated as is it were a first name of a regular name. Example: ''"DJ Tiësto"'' has sort name ''"Tiësto, DJ"''.  
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<li> Where a real person's name appears in a group artist's name, the artist's sort name should be the sort name for that person, followed by the remainder of the group artist's name.</li>
#* For artist names that end with a title like "Jr." or "Sr.", that title is always put at the end of the sort name, preceded by ", ". Example: ''"Harry Connick, Jr."'' has sort name ''"Connick, Harry, Jr."''.
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</ol>
#* For artist names with a nickname between the first name and last name, the nickname is treated as if it's part of the first name of the artist. Example: ''"Jean 'Toots' Thielemans"'' has sort name ''"Thielemans, Jean 'Toots'"''.  
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<li>The main artist sort name should be in [[WikiPedia:Latin characters in Unicode|Latin script]] for compatibility reasons. If the [[Artist Name|artist's name]] is normally written using a non-Latin script, use the Latin script translated or transliterated name by which the artist is most commonly known. Alias sort names should use the appropriate script for the locale.</li>
#* For artists whose last names start with an abbreviation, the last names are unabbreviated in the sort name. Example: ''"Rebecca St. James"'' has sort name ''"Saint James, Rebecca"''. This also holds for groups. ''"St. Lunatics"'' has sort name ''"Saint Lunatics"''.
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<li>For artist names containing stylized characters, change those characters to their equivalent Latin script letter, removing any style-only  punctuation, spacing, or other characters, unless the artist's name contains '''only''' stylized characters, which have no inherent meaning to translate, and which cannot be transliterated.</li>
#* Artist names that contain a person's name (usually bands) do not sort as persons, but as ficticious names. Examples: ''"The Sensational Alex Harvey Band"'' has sort name ''"Sensational Alex Harvey Band, The"''. ''"The Jimi Hendrix Experience"'' has sort name ''"Jimi Hendrix Experience, The"''.  
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<li>Artist sort names should retain all Latin [[WikiPedia:Diacritic#Types|diacritics]] present in the [[Artist Name|artist name]].</li>
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<li>Numerals present in the [[Artist Name|artist name]] do not change.</li>
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<li>All disparate parts of a sort name should be separated by ", " (comma and space).</li>
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</ol>
  
 
==Examples==
 
==Examples==
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All examples should be interpreted as clarification upon the guidelines; no new guidelines should be interpreted from any example.
  
# '''Transliteration:''' ''[http://musicbrainz.org/show/artist/?artistid=122653 Пётр Ильич Чайковский]'' is transliterated to ''Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky'' (and has the sortname "Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich").
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===Guideline 1. Name of a person===
# '''De-stylizing:''' ''[http://musicbrainz.org/artist/7c259e8a-f67b-45ff-b0f5-6b63d3a692cf.html My$t:c DJz]'' have sort name ''"Mystic DJz"''. ''[http://musicbrainz.org/artist/603ba565-3967-4be1-931e-9cb945394e86.html *NSync]'' have sort name ''"NSync"''. ''[http://musicbrainz.org/artist/902286c2-e7d1-4ee8-adb6-216d6a71a05c.html t r a n c e [] c o n t r o l]'' has sort name ''"trance control"''. Exceptions to this rule are [[Artist]]s whose name do not mean anything and cannot be transliterated in any way. Examples: ''[http://musicbrainz.org/artist/595198f1-3558-4a57-be64-f0f5f5de7254.html (´・д・)ノ]'' has sort name ''"(´・д・)ノ"''. ''[http://musicbrainz.org/artist/d867d382-35fc-49fb-a45a-64b66c0b8557.html ♪◆m599XGSMF6]'' has sort name ''"♪◆m599XGSMF6"''.
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:* [[Artist:618b6900-0618-4f1e-b835-bccb17f84294|Eric Clapton]] has sort name "Clapton, Eric"
# '''Accented characters:''' ''"René Löwe"'' has sort name ''"Löwe, René"''.
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:* [[Artist:bc807a53-e825-4452-960e-3c87e3bc95f7|Eötvös Péter]] has sort name "Eötvös, Péter" (name follows Hungarian "Surname Name" order, but the sort name is unaffected)
# '''Numerals:''' ''"The Four Freshmen''" have sort name ''"Four Freshmen, The"''. ''"10,000 Maniacs"'' have sort name ''"10,000 Maniacs"''. ''"Maroon 5"'' have sort name ''"Maroon 5"''.
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:* [[Artist:8a399a51-6b93-448e-82c0-f86c83602605|Hildur Guðnadóttir]] has sort name "Hildur Guðnadóttir" (Guðnadóttir is a patronymic, not a surname, as custom in Iceland)
# '''Collaborating Artists:''' ''"Bob Dylan and The Band"'' have sort name ''"Dylan, Bob and Band, The"''. ''"B.B. King & Eric Clapton"'' have sort name ''"King, B.B. & Clapton, Eric"''. ''"Bill Haley & His Comets"'' have sort name ''"Haley, Bill & His Comets"''. This rule does not apply for artist names that seem to consist of more than one artist, but do not. Example: sort name for ''"Hootie & the Blowfish"'' is the same, because the Blowfish are not are separate band.
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::* But: [[Artist:6655955b-1c1e-4bcb-84e4-81bcd9efab30|Ólafur Arnalds]] has sort name "Arnalds, Ólafur" (Arnalds ''is'' a surname, not a patronymic)
# ''"A Perfect Circle"'' has sort name ''"A Perfect Circle"''.
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:* [[Artist:fd23e684-270f-4507-9cb0-a0e0d7854d16|Harry Connick, Jr.]] has sort name "Connick, Harry, Jr."
  
==Language specific rules==
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===Guideline 1a. Middle names and nicknames===
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:* Jean 'Toots' Thielemans has sort name "Thielemans, Jean 'Toots'"
  
These language specific rules are not official, but are generally applied for artist names in the languages listed below. Sort names for non-English artist names are not discussed yet. Please help out.
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===Guideline 1b. Name begins with an abbreviated title===
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:* [[Artist:ebd7d505-9eb8-4c74-9dd4-ebe308e04d72|DJ Shah]] has sort name "Shah, DJ"
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:* SPC Stephen Pauls has sort name "Pauls, SPC Stephen"
  
====Dutch====
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===Guideline 1c. Family name begins with abbreviation===
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:* [[Artist:302716e4-a702-4bbc-baac-591f8a8e20bc|Rebecca St. James]] has sort name "Saint James, Rebecca"
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:* [[Artist:51da3924-90e9-41fb-be47-58f30176a101|St. Lunatics]] has sort name "Saint Lunatics"
  
[[Artist Name|ArtistName]]<code><nowiki></nowiki></code>s with a ''[http://www.eogen.com/Tussen tussenvoegsel]'' (there is no English word for this; it's the bit between the first and last name): artist "Boudewijn de Groot" to "Groot, de, Boudewijn". This seems to me the most clear and logically correct way to sort these artists. Since "de" is not part of the first name ("De Groot" is the last name), and since we want to sort these persons under "Groot" the best option is "Groot, de, Boudewijn". Better than "Groot, Boudewijn de" where "de" seems to be part of the first name, which it is incorrect.
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===Guideline 2. Name of a group===
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:'''A'''
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::* [[Artist:078a9376-3c04-4280-b7d7-b20e158f345d|A Perfect Circle]] has sort name "Perfect Circle, A"
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:'''An'''
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::* [[Artist:351abf24-534b-4aad-b26c-d19f56c572f2|An Epic at Best]] has sort name "Epic at Best, An"
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:'''The'''
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::* [[Artist:2b9967c7-3246-4658-a561-ded5408dd9af|Los Lobos]] has sort name "Lobos, Los"
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::* [[Artist:b10bbbfc-cf9e-42e0-be17-e2c3e1d2600d|The Beatles]] has sort name "Beatles, The"
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:'''No Article'''
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::* [[Artist:51508c1f-8d07-4a00-9cf1-26c570fe7b78|Cypress Hill]] has sort name "Cypress Hill"
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::* [[Artist:b3120863-d98d-4bad-a637-8abd8cde6685|Hootie & the Blowfish]] has sort name "Hootie & the Blowfish"
  
====French====
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===Guideline 2a. Name of a person in a group artist name===
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:* [[Artist:abe2669a-a612-4bf6-9193-bb4f4b8a9088|Ben Folds Five]] has sort name "Folds, Ben, Five"
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:* [[Artist:4458d70d-c215-4f06-beea-ebd448dad6ac|Bill Haley & His Comets]] has sort name "Haley, Bill & His Comets"
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:* [[Artist:c296e10c-110a-4103-9e77-47bfebb7fb2e|Bob Marley and the Wailers]] has sort name "Marley, Bob and the Wailers"
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:* [[Artist:07e748f1-075e-428d-85dc-ce3be434e906|Dave Matthews Band]] has sort name "Matthews, Dave, Band
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:* [[Artist:2bf1f61a-6dc8-43bd-aaf4-8852a0c4a345|Don Redman and His Orchestra]] has sort name "Redman, Don and His Orchestra"
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:* [[Artist:40d8f506-0d62-49bd-9bae-8c52b72c9ee1|Gloria Estefan and the Miami Sound Machine]] has sort name "Estefan, Gloria and the Miami Sound Machine"
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:* [[Artist:e3c8b0c8-3fa0-464b-b1f5-119cb52d3817|Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble]] has sort name "Vaughan, Stevie Ray and Double Trouble"
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:* [[Artist:f98711e5-06f7-43ed-8239-da0f61a9c460|The Alan Parsons Project]] has sort name "Parsons, Alan, Project, The"
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:* [[Artist:33b3c323-77c2-417c-a5b4-af7e6a111cc9|The Jimi Hendrix Experience]] has sort name "Hendrix, Jimi, Experience, The"
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:* "[[Artist:b304dc15-a567-47f7-9db0-8e9a1aeeba1e|The Sensational Alex Harvey Band]]" has sort name "Harvey, Alex, Sensational Band, The"
  
The French use for ''[http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Particule_%28onomastique%29 particules]'' is to put it behind the first name (like in Portuguese it seems). Hence, "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_de_Musset Alfred de Musset]" gets the sortname of "Musset, Alfred de". MB live example at [http://musicbrainz.org/show/artist/?artistid=106981 François de Roubaix].
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===Guideline 3. Latin script only===
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:* [[Artist:9ddd7abc-9e1b-471d-8031-583bc6bc8be9|Пётр Ильич Чайковский]] "Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich"
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:* [[Artist:5565ae4b-bb20-48a4-a8b0-dfdeb53b555a|布袋寅泰‎]] has sort name "Hotei, Tomoyasu"
  
More complicated examples:  
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===Guideline 4. De-stylize===
* "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_de_La_Fontaine Jean de La Fontaine]" -> "La Fontaine, Jean de"  
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:* [[Artist:7c259e8a-f67b-45ff-b0f5-6b63d3a692cf|My$t:c DJz]] has sort name "Mystic DJz"
* "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahaut%2C_Countess_of_Artois Mahaut d'Artois]" -> "Artois, Mahaut d'"  
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:* [[Artist:603ba565-3967-4be1-931e-9cb945394e86|*NSync]] has sort name "NSync"
* "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_Poivre_d%27Arvor Patrick Poivre d'Arvor]" -> "Poivre d'Arvor, Patrick"  
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:* [[Artist:f4d5cc07-3bc9-4836-9b15-88a08359bc63|P!nk]] has sort name "Pink"
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:* [[Artist:902286c2-e7d1-4ee8-adb6-216d6a71a05c|trance[]control]] has sort name "trancecontrol"
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:; Nothing to trans(liter)ate
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:* [[Artist:595198f1-3558-4a57-be64-f0f5f5de7254|(´・д・)ノ]] has sort name "(´・д・)ノ"  
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:* [[Artist:d867d382-35fc-49fb-a45a-64b66c0b8557|♪◆m599XGSMF6]] has sort name "♪◆m599XGSMF6"
  
====Hungarian====
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===Guideline 5. Accented Latin characters===
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:* [[Artist:f12647e5-d3aa-4dd4-b83b-c45eea712b60|René Löwe]] has sort name "Löwe, René"
  
Hungarian names follow the "western" custom, using given name and family name. However, Hungary is the only European country to place the family name before the given names, i.e. it uses the eastern name order. So effectively the sort name equals the name there.
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===Guideline 6. Numerals===
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:* [[Artist:53a61b1f-dd88-45e7-b5d8-3e84038aa81a|The Four Freshmen]] has sort name "Four Freshmen, The"
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:* [[Artist:b9a06530-1241-4162-836f-7b8e79deaa58|10,000 Maniacs]] has sort name "10,000 Maniacs"
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:* [[Artist:0ab49580-c84f-44d4-875f-d83760ea2cfe|Maroon 5]] has sort name "Maroon 5"
  
====Icelandic====
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{{StyleBox}}
 
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[[Category:WikiDocs Page]]
Sort on their first name.
 
 
 
====Italian====
 
 
 
All of the official rules above apply. Articles to put after if they come first are "il", "gli", "lo", "la", "i", "le". The Italian equivalent of the Dutch "van" are "de" and "del" and should be treated as the Dutch rules.
 
 
 
====Japanese====
 
 
 
Names are usually family name first, given name second.  As a result, the sortname (once transliterated) is the same as the artist name.  However, Japanese artists commonly known in countries that use Latin script often reverse their name for releases in those nations, so some caution is required when adding such artists.
 
 
 
====Portuguese====
 
 
 
Person:
 
* Last name, First name [2nd, 3rd, ...]. Example: ''"Moreira, Gilberto Passos Gil"''
 
* Specific rules:
 
** Compost last name. Example: ''"Espírito Santo, Pedro"''
 
** Familiar ship indication names (Filho, Neto, Júnior), go with the last name. Example: ''"Connick Júnior, Harry"''
 
** ''de, da, e'' before last name. Example: ''"Hollanda, Francisco Buarque de"''
 
 
 
====Romanian====
 
 
 
Persons are sorted normally ([[Last Name|LastName]], [[First Name|FirstName]]). There are no "de" or "von" particles in normal Romanian names. Bands with Romanian names are always sorted by their name, because the definite article in Romanian is a suffix.
 
 
 
==Discussion==
 
 
 
!BibTeX has a pretty complete sorting algorithm and that one defines a "von-part" of the Name, Thus IIRC ''Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen'' (The 'Red Baron') is sorted: ''Richthofen, Freiherr von, Manfred Albrecht''. I assume that is what you mean by 'adjective'. The correct desciption is either "von-part" or aristocratic title or something like that. I think most sorting practices agree that this is a special part that has to be treated by itself. --[[User:DonRedman|DonRedman]]
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">This cannot be entirely true, at least for German useage. ''[http://musicbrainz.org/show/artist/?artistid=1021 Ludwig van Beethoven]'' for example has the sortname "Beethoven, Ludwig van". This is AFAIK the general useage for German aristocratc titles; so your example should read "Richthofen, Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von". --derGraph
 
</ul>
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
 
 
 
There actually are standardised names for most artists which have been determined by the wise seers at the Library of Congress (and are in the processes of being harmonised with the British Library and other national libraries). These are called "name authority records" and can be conveniently searched online at: [http://authorities.loc.gov/ http://authorities.loc.gov/]
 
 
 
According to them, the official names for the above are:  "Muslimgauze (Musician)"  and  " 'N Sync (Musical group)". (Authorised names are in the "100's" fields, and known alternate names or aliases are found in the "600's" fields.) The others don't seem to have authority records..., yet.
 
 
 
Another scheme that librarians use, primarily for electronic records, is called the Dublin Core.  (It's a way of adding information to HTML documents to identify the creator, etc.)  I found a site about the Dublin Core which contains a very good description of how people who catalogue things for a living approach unknown names and non-standard characters.  There's a [http://www.cdpheritage.org/resource/metadata/documents/WSDCMES_v1-1_2002-11-06.pdf PDF document] or you can skip directly to an HTML version of page 9 ("Creator") in the [http://www.google.com/search?q=cache:MXQ6EMQtzyQJ:www.cdpheritage.org/resource/metadata/documents/WSDCMES_v1-1_2002-11-06.pdf&ie=UTF-8#9 Google cache].
 
----
 
 
 
What about fictitious artist names like '''Pete Namlook'''? It looks like a real person's name, but it isn't. It is, however, an alias for a person. --[[User:Zout|Zout]]
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">I would treat it as a real name. -- [[User:WolfSong|WolfSong]] 13:48, 01 February 2006 (UTC)
 
</ul>
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
I personally treat artists like ♪◆m599XGSMF6 under #2 (giving m599XGSMF6 as a sortname) whereas artists like (´・д・)ノ I have no idea about (Japan probably has some name for them...). --[[User:Nikki|Nikki]]
 
----
 
 
 
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Is it counter-intuitive to sort bands that contain single artists under the band rather than the artist? It'd be a pretty weird record shop where Bob Dylan and The Band is in the "D" section, Jimi Hendrix is in the "H" section but the Jimi Hendrix experience is in the "J" section.
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Which is probably why I've never liked this sorting scheme. I used to work in record store retail and groups with a members name were always sorted by the sort name of the member. So Dave Matthews Band would be under Matthews; Alan Parsons Project would be under Parsons. I do realize that the actual sort name will look ugly but I don't think people generally "look" at sort names with any frequency. You're more likely to look at the "sorted" name (meaning how it looks in a list). The hurdle will be how to place the elements. Is it ''Hendrix Experience, The Jimi'' or ''Hendrix Experience, Jimi, The''. The driver for that decision should be how the system (Picard and [[Tagger Script|TaggerScript]] in general) will interpret it not is it visually appealing to humans. -- [[User:WolfSong|WolfSong]] 17:14, 14 February 2006 (UTC)
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">totally agree, it seems odd that 'Jimmie Hendrix' and 'Jimmie Hendrix Experience' is not sorted together, it seems to defy the purpose of sortnames [[User:mo|mo]]
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
 
 
Either option is counterintuitive, and sortname is used for things other than sorting.  It's also the method Picard and other clients use to transliterate names in non-Latin scripts for people who cannot read them, or cannot use them in filenames.  -Sailorleo 
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Really? That sounds like it's a potential source of problems... if we had an artist named, say "Dr. Johņ 'Saint' de St. Doę, Jr.", the sort-name would be something along the lines of "de Saint Doe, Dr. John 'Saint', Jr." which strikes me as not being a terribly friendly name...
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">actually for picard, it no longer uses sortname, but aliases, so we get Kago Ai, not Ai, Kago. picard will also be using [[Tagger Script|TaggerScript]] in just a little bit. [[User:mo|mo]]
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
 
 
hb- I’m not happy at all about any of the rules after #4. They are poorly written, poorly structured, and in my opinion, poorly thought out.
 
 
 
There is an on-going debate about the last (#9) item of rule #6, regarding handling of proper names within band names. The fact that rule #6 has 9 items really indicates that there are problems here.
 
 
 
It’s also debatable as to whether there -is- a debate on this issue. While several have spoken out against the current rule, no one has come to its defense or tried to explain the reasoning.
 
 
 
It really feels as though there are only a very few people who prefer to not sort the artist and leave the [[Sort Artist Name|SortArtistName]] tag identical to the [[Artist Name|ArtistName]] tag as much as possible. This defeats the idea of the overall dictum: which is that “Sortnames are –heavily- edited in order to sort all artists well” (emphasis added). Rule 6 item 9 is absolutely counter to this direction and its supporters need to speak up or be over-ruled in their silence.
 
 
 
[[Artist Sort Names|ArtistSortNames]] do NOT have to be non-ugly. They have to be functional. The simple [[Artist Name|ArtistName]] tag is the display tag. Why bother to have two tags if we keep them the same despite the desire to actually “sort” our artists?
 
 
 
Rules 5 and 6 need to be re-written for clarity and process, and for reversal of item 9.
 
 
 
I propose that the existing first four rules remain as they are written. 
 
 
 
After those, use the following rules:
 
 
 
5.      [[Artist Names|ArtistNames]] that include natural separators like “and”, “with”, “&”, “vs.”, and “,” (comma) have already created, de facto multiple ordered sequential “parts”. Whether these ordered “parts” contain Collaborating Artists or not is immaterial. Maintain artist intent by keeping this order and performing the remaining sort naming accordingly –within- each “part”. If there are no separators, then treat the whole [[Artist Name|ArtistName]] as a single “part”. Each “part” follows the remaining rules independently from one another. Keep their order, and keep the separator between them without an additional comma.
 
 
 
6.      Within each “part”, if present, pull out the full proper name of the non-fictional individual artist or member for whom the sort will be performed, e.g. “Jimi Hendrix” and “Dave Matthews” and “Alex Harvey”. If there is no proper non-fictional artist name or band member, then proceed to rule #7. Format the proper name portion of the “part” accordingly:
 
 
 
a.      The proper name must be the individual artist or a band member. An [[Artist Name|ArtistName]] “George Washington” does not get sorted under “W” unless the individual is, or the band includes, a George Washington.
 
 
 
b.      Regular names like “First-Name Last-Name” are sorted like “Last-Name, First-Name” with the addition of a comma. Example: "Eric Clapton" sorts as "Clapton, Eric".
 
 
 
c.      For artist names with a nickname between the first name and last name, the nickname is treated as if it's part of the first name of the artist. Example: "Jean 'Toots' Thielemans" sorts as "Thielemans, Jean 'Toots'".
 
 
 
d.      Leading Titles like “Dr.” and “DJ” and “MC” are moved after the person’s name with a preceding comma. Example: “Dr. Dre” sorts as “Dre, Dr.” and "DJ Tiësto" sorts as "Tiësto, DJ".
 
 
 
e.      Trailing suffixes like “Sr.” or “Jr.” or “III” always remain at the end of Individual’s Name. Example: "Harry Connick, Jr." sorts as "Connick, Harry, Jr.". Though there usually is one, add no preceding comma where there is no comma already. Example “Dave Thomas III” sorts as “Thomas, Dave III”.
 
 
 
f.      For artists whose last names start with an abbreviation, the last names are unabbreviated in the sort name. Example: "Rebecca St. James" sorts as "Saint James, Rebecca".
 
 
 
g.      Removal of the proper name from the [[Artist Name|ArtistName]] “part” might leave a remaindered portion. In this case, a comma is added at the end of the proper name portion, and the remainder is kept as a new, single, whole entity and treated identically to a “part” under Rule 7. The result is concatenated at the end after the comma. Example: “The Jimi Hendrix Experience” has a remainder of “The Experience” and sorts as “Hendrix, Jimi, Experience, The” and “The Sensational Alex Harvey Band” leaves “The Sensational Band” and sorts as “Harvey, Alex, Sensational Band, The”.
 
 
 
7.      [[Artist Name|ArtistName]] “parts” without proper names (including band names and remaindered portions from Rule 6) are handled accordingly:
 
 
 
a.      Leading Articles, like “The” and “A” and “Los”, regardless of language, are moved to the end with a preceding comma. Example: “The Beatles” and “A Perfect Circle” and “Los Lobos” sort as “Beatles, The” and “Perfect Circle, A” and “Lobos, Los”.
 
 
 
b.      Leading abbreviations are unabbreviated. Example: "St. Lunatics" sorts as "Saint Lunatics".
 
 
 
Examples:
 
 
 
The Jimi Hendrix Experience – Hendrix, Jimi, Experience, The
 
 
 
Dave Matthews Band – Matthews, Dave, Band
 
 
 
The Sensational Alex Harvey Band – Harvey, Alex, Sensational Band, The
 
 
 
Stevie Ray Vaughn and Double Trouble – Vaughn, Stevie Ray and Double Trouble
 
 
 
Roger Clyne and The Peacemakers – Clyne, Roger and Peacemakers, The
 
 
 
Hootie and the Blowfish – Hootie and Blowfish, The
 
 
 
Note that there is no need for a comma after “Stevie Ray” and “Roger” as the full proper names were parts without any remainder per rule 6g.
 
 
 
If the name had been “The Peacemakers and Roger Clyne” then keeping proper sequential order would yield “Peacemakers, The and Clyne, Roger”. Note that there is no need for a comma after the “The” following “Peacemakers”.
 
 
 
Note: There are two general rules for when we add a comma. First, in the case where we separate the proper name from it’s remainder. And more commonly, for when we change the sequence of words. For example moving the leading “The” and swapping first name and last name. We don’t add a comma between the natural separators like “and” and “with” because we haven’t relocated any words and they work just fine on their own.
 
 
 
Script writers/programmers will notice that these rules lend themselves quite nicely to programmatically deriving [[Artist Sort Name|ArtistSortName]] from [[Artist Name|ArtistName]] without having to use many exception cases, given a searchable table of non-fictional proper name.
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">To the anonymous contributor: Well, some of us aren't happy with any of the rules from number 2 on. Personally, I think we could save a lot of time and effort if we rewrote them thus:
 
# For a single artist, [[Artist Sort Name|ArtistSortName]] must be the same as the artist's name as listed in the U.S. Library of Congress catalog.
 
# For multiple artists working together (e.g. "Tony Sheridan and the Beatles"), the [[Artist Sort Name|ArtistSortName]] should be broken down into separate artists' names, each name replaced with the name as listed in the U.S. Library of Congress catalog, then the names re-assembled (e.g. "Sheridan, Tony and Beatles").
 
# There is no rule 3.
 
But I doubt that's going to happen. --[[User:LarryGilbert|LarryGilbert]]
 
</ul>
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
 
 
 
I have a question about artists like, '''"The Ghost Who Walks"'''; Should we edit their name in the style of ''"Ghost Who Walks, The"'' or just leave it as '''"The Ghost Who Walks"'''. I think it should be more the latter because it seems more like a sentence/statement than a name. -- [[Mackattack]]
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">I think that the sortname should be "Ghost Who Walks, The", on the off chance that somewhere there is a release that left out the "The", so that they get sorted right next to each other. -- [[User:MartinRudat|MartinRudat]] 13:34, 17 June 2006 (UTC)
 
</ul>
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
 
 
 
In Flanders (Dutch-speaking part of Belgium), family names that start with "Van", "De" or similar are generally sorted under "Van ...", "De ...", etc.  E.g. "Boudewijn de Groot" would be sorted under "de Groot, Boudewijn". --JanC
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
 
 
 
In the Netherlands they are definitely sorted without the article or preposition though. And that answers the question as well: definitely not adjectives: 'de' and 'het' and their variations are articles 'van' (and some other less common ones like 'in' or 'op') are prepositions. -- thisfred
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
 
 
 
The value of preserving case is not immediately clear.  It is not unusual for music libraries to "smash" case for sort order by storing only one.  My first artist entries to [[MusicBrainz]] were fouled because the [[JavaScript]] in my browser did not work for the guess feature and it was not clear to me that case mattered.  This means I and others had to go back and edit all the entries I made.  Additional verifications and some substitute for the Javascript magic might be nice, but it seems at the very least that if preserving upper and lower case is going to be a big deal that should be mentioned up front in the sortnamestyle guideline. -- m0llusk
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
 
 
 
Some clarification is needed for what to do when there are three or more artist names to a sortname, and whether or not it's acceptable to use semicolons, as traditionally dictated in English grammar. There was some disagreement recently with [http://musicbrainz.org/artist/ba873ce8-e6dc-4ab1-920b-52cdf63179ba.html The Hacker, Millimetric & David Caretta]: whether the sortname should be "Hacker, The, Millimetric & Caretta, David" or "Hacker, The; Millimetric & Caretta, David". My taste runs to the latter, but the style guidelines here indicate the former is correct. Would it be all right to add something like "Do not use semicolons even if there are three or more names" to clarify the intent? --[[User:LarryGilbert|LarryGilbert]]
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">I've added the comma to rule 4 above, to make it clear the same separator has to be used. I think that will do --[[User:Zout|Zout]]
 
</ul>
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
 
 
 
Why is (for example) 10,000 Maniacs sorted as "10,000 Maniacs" and not "Ten Thousand Maniacs" as libraries do? --[[User:LarryGilbert|LarryGilbert]]
 
 
 
----
 
 
 
 
 
 
Since abbreviations such as St. are expanded in sort names, shouldn't Jr. and Sr. be too? --[[User:Creap|Creap]]
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">Note that according to the current rules, it's only the first word, after sorting that gets expanded.  There are only a few that I can think of that would remain there after the title move, mostly just Saint and it's equivalent in various other languages.  --[[Sailorleo]]
 
</ul>
 
 
 
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Style]] [[Category:Official Style]]
 

Latest revision as of 10:34, 12 June 2018

Status: This is an official style guideline.

This page describes how to format an artist's sort name.

Guidelines

  1. Person artist names have sort name "family name, given name".
    1. Middle names and nicknames should be treated as a part of the given name.
    2. Names beginning with an abbreviated title, such as Dr., DJ, or MC should have the title treated as if it were a part of the given name.
    3. Family names which begin with an abbreviation should have the abbreviation expanded in the sort name.
    4. Suffixes like "Jr." and "Sr." should be listed after the given name.
  2. Group artist names beginning with an article (a, an, the, etc.) have the article moved to the end of their sort name.
    1. Where a real person's name appears in a group artist's name, the artist's sort name should be the sort name for that person, followed by the remainder of the group artist's name.
  3. The main artist sort name should be in Latin script for compatibility reasons. If the artist's name is normally written using a non-Latin script, use the Latin script translated or transliterated name by which the artist is most commonly known. Alias sort names should use the appropriate script for the locale.
  4. For artist names containing stylized characters, change those characters to their equivalent Latin script letter, removing any style-only punctuation, spacing, or other characters, unless the artist's name contains only stylized characters, which have no inherent meaning to translate, and which cannot be transliterated.
  5. Artist sort names should retain all Latin diacritics present in the artist name.
  6. Numerals present in the artist name do not change.
  7. All disparate parts of a sort name should be separated by ", " (comma and space).

Examples

All examples should be interpreted as clarification upon the guidelines; no new guidelines should be interpreted from any example.

Guideline 1. Name of a person

  • Eric Clapton has sort name "Clapton, Eric"
  • Eötvös Péter has sort name "Eötvös, Péter" (name follows Hungarian "Surname Name" order, but the sort name is unaffected)
  • Hildur Guðnadóttir has sort name "Hildur Guðnadóttir" (Guðnadóttir is a patronymic, not a surname, as custom in Iceland)
  • But: Ólafur Arnalds has sort name "Arnalds, Ólafur" (Arnalds is a surname, not a patronymic)

Guideline 1a. Middle names and nicknames

  • Jean 'Toots' Thielemans has sort name "Thielemans, Jean 'Toots'"

Guideline 1b. Name begins with an abbreviated title

  • DJ Shah has sort name "Shah, DJ"
  • SPC Stephen Pauls has sort name "Pauls, SPC Stephen"

Guideline 1c. Family name begins with abbreviation

Guideline 2. Name of a group

A
An
The
No Article

Guideline 2a. Name of a person in a group artist name

Guideline 3. Latin script only

Guideline 4. De-stylize

Nothing to trans(liter)ate

Guideline 5. Accented Latin characters

Guideline 6. Numerals

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