From MusicBrainz Wiki
|Status: This is an official style guideline.|
This page describes how to format an artist's sort name.
- 1 Guidelines
- 2 Examples
- 2.1 Guideline 1. Name of a person
- 2.2 Guideline 1a. Middle names and nicknames
- 2.3 Guideline 1b. Name begins with an abbreviated title
- 2.4 Guideline 1c. Family name begins with abbreviation
- 2.5 Guideline 2. Name of a group
- 2.6 Guideline 2a. Name of a person in a group artist name
- 2.7 Guideline 3. Latin script only
- 2.8 Guideline 4. De-stylize
- 2.9 Guideline 5. Accented Latin characters
- 2.10 Guideline 6. Numerals
- Person artist names have sort name "family name, given name".
- Middle names and nicknames should be treated as a part of the given name.
- Names beginning with an abbreviated title, such as Dr., DJ, or MC should have the title treated as if it were a part of the given name.
- Family names which begin with an abbreviation should have the abbreviation expanded in the sort name.
- Suffixes like "Jr." and "Sr." should be listed after the given name.
- Group artist names beginning with an article (a, an, the, etc.) have the article moved to the end of their sort name, unless guideline 2a applies.
- Where a real person's name appears in a group artist's name, the artist's sort name should be the sort name for that person, followed by the remainder of the group artist's name.
- The main artist sort name should be in Latin script for compatibility reasons. If the artist's name is normally written using a non-Latin script, use the Latin script translated or transliterated name by which the artist is most commonly known. Alias sort names should use the appropriate script for the locale.
- For artist names containing stylized characters, change those characters to their equivalent Latin script letter, removing any style-only punctuation, spacing, or other characters, unless the artist's name contains only stylized characters, which have no inherent meaning to translate, and which cannot be transliterated.
- Artist sort names should retain all Latin diacritics present in the artist name.
- Numerals present in the artist name do not change.
- All disparate parts of a sort name should be separated by ", " (comma and space).
All examples should be interpreted as clarification upon the guidelines; no new guidelines should be interpreted from any example.
Guideline 1. Name of a person
- Eric Clapton has sort name "Clapton, Eric"
- Eötvös Péter has sort name "Eötvös, Péter" (name follows Hungarian "Surname Name" order, but the sort name is unaffected)
- Hildur Guðnadóttir has sort name "Hildur Guðnadóttir" (Guðnadóttir is a patronymic, not a surname, as custom in Iceland)
- But: Ólafur Arnalds has sort name "Arnalds, Ólafur" (Arnalds is a surname, not a patronymic)
- Harry Connick, Jr. has sort name "Connick, Harry, Jr."
Guideline 1a. Middle names and nicknames
- Jean 'Toots' Thielemans has sort name "Thielemans, Jean 'Toots'"
Guideline 1b. Name begins with an abbreviated title
- DJ Shah has sort name "Shah, DJ"
- SPC Stephen Pauls has sort name "Pauls, SPC Stephen"
Guideline 1c. Family name begins with abbreviation
Guideline 2. Name of a group
- A Perfect Circle has sort name "Perfect Circle, A"
- An Epic at Best has sort name "Epic at Best, An"
- No Article
- Guideline 2a overriding guideline 2
- "The Sensational Alex Harvey Band" has sort name "Harvey, Alex, The Sensational, Band"
Guideline 2a. Name of a person in a group artist name
- Ben Folds Five has sort name "Folds, Ben, Five"
- Bill Haley & His Comets has sort name "Haley, Bill & His Comets"
- Bob Marley and the Wailers has sort name "Marley, Bob and the Wailers"
- Dave Matthews Band has sort name "Matthews, Dave, Band
- Don Redman and His Orchestra has sort name "Redman, Don and His Orchestra"
- Gloria Estefan and the Miami Sound Machine has sort name "Estefan, Gloria and the Miami Sound Machine"
- Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble has sort name "Vaughan, Stevie Ray and Double Trouble"
- The Alan Parsons Project has sort name "Parsons, Alan, Project, The"
- The Jimi Hendrix Experience has sort name "Hendrix, Jimi, Experience, The"
- The Great Orchestra and John Doe has sort name "Doe, John, The Great Orchestra and"
Guideline 3. Latin script only
Guideline 4. De-stylize
- My$t:c DJz has sort name "Mystic DJz"
- *NSync has sort name "NSync"
- P!nk has sort name "Pink"
- trancecontrol has sort name "trancecontrol"
- Nothing to trans(liter)ate
Guideline 5. Accented Latin characters
- René Löwe has sort name "Löwe, René"