Style/Classical/Works

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Revision as of 11:19, 26 February 2013 by Symphonick (talk | contribs) (almost finished)


Status: This page describes an active style guideline proposal and is not official.



Proposal number: RFC-CSG Works part I: Works definition
Champion: symphonick
Current status: RFC



Definition of a classical work

Works belonging to the "classical music" genre should either have at least one known recording or performance (even if it is not currently in the MB database) or should be the most recent common ancestor to two Works which are in the MB database.

Work boundaries

Works should be entered into MusicBrainz using the boundaries decided by the composer, as printed in the score.

Note Note: Do not split a musical entity into smaller pieces based on tempo markings, lyrics or other information. E.g. the fourth movement of Beethoven's ninth symphony contains many musically different sections, but it is still only a single work.

Opera

In unnumbered operas (Wagner, for instance), sometimes an act is the smallest entity you can enter. See "excerpts" below for how to deal with popular arias and choruses.

The recommended structure for opera is: Number is a part of Act is a part of Opera (Number and Act are of course optional)

Note Note: Be careful with "scenes" (information about what is happening on stage). Do not add "Scene" to the "folder structure" (Number is a part of Scene is a part of Act...) even if it could be viewed as technically correct.

Collections

Sometimes works are published in "collections". This is common for songs and shorter instrumental pieces, but can also happen with larger works like piano sonatas. These works can be interesting to have as "containers", but should not be treated as a main work with parts.

Note Note: In general you should only add a collection if the composer was involved. Do not enter things like "All piano sonatas by Beethoven" as works in MusicBrainz.

Different versions

If you a work has specific versions (examples listed below), make sure that there is also a "basic" version available. You will not always be able to source what specific version is performed.

Note Note: Do not add a disambiguation comment saying "unknown version". It is implied that a work that is not a specific version should be connected to all performances where it is unclear which version has been used.

Revisions

Different revisions of a work by one single composer. The most common case is when an earlier work is edited for a performance some years later.

Arrangement works

Linking recordings to works

It is possible that you have found the correct works to link to your recordings, but it is not an exact match. This is usually solved with the performance AR. If the recoding contains more than one work, link to all performed works. If the recording contains just a part of a work, use the "partial" attribute.

There are however some cases that can be treated differently:

Complete multi-part works

If a multi-part work is presented as a single recording, you can link the recording to the "container" work, instead of linking to every sub-part.

Menuet I - Menuet II etc.

Strictly speaking these works are a single musical entity, but if the "second part" is often recorded as a standalone piece, it can have its own work.

Note Note: Do not routinely create split works. This is most common for instrumental solo works.

Excerpts

If a sub-part of a larger work is performed regularly as a standalone piece, you can add it as a work.

Note Note: Do not add more than one work per excerpt. For instance, there should be only one "Ode to Joy" from Beethoven's ninth symphony, even if the amount of bars from the symphony that are actually performed differs.

Note Note: Do not confuse audio excerpts (edited recordings) with a deliberate performance of an excerpt.