Difference between revisions of "Style/Language/German"

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This page outlines the capitalization rules for the '''German''' language. It forms part of the [[MusicBrainz]] [[Capitalization Standard|CapitalizationStandard]].
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{{official capitalization standard|language=German}}
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==Auf Deutsch==
  
===Auf Deutsch===
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Das erste Wort sollte groß geschrieben werden. Für den Rest gilt die [https://www.ids-mannheim.de/service/reform/ übliche Groß- und Kleinschreibung].
  
Das erste Wort sollte groß geschrieben werden. Für den Rest gilt die [http://www.ids-mannheim.de/reform/inhalt.html#D übliche Groß- und Kleinschreibung].
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==In English==
  
===In English===
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Capitalize the first word of a title, and stick to the normal [https://www.ids-mannheim.de/service/reform/ German capitalization rules] for the rest of the title.  
 
 
Capitalize the first word of a title, and use normal [http://www.ids-mannheim.de/reform/inhalt.html#D German capitalization rules] for the rest of the title.  
 
  
 
For non-German speakers the main rule of this document in short: Nouns (also "common" nouns, not only proper nouns) and the first word of a sentence/title are capitalized, everything else is not. This is not completely correct, but appropriate most of the time.  
 
For non-German speakers the main rule of this document in short: Nouns (also "common" nouns, not only proper nouns) and the first word of a sentence/title are capitalized, everything else is not. This is not completely correct, but appropriate most of the time.  
  
As noted in the Wikipedia [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eszett article on eszett], ß is the only European letter that does not have a corresponding capital letter ([http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Versal-%C3%9F not any more]). Since it never appears at the beginning of a word there is no need to convert ß to SS (or SZ) for capitalization. However, when correcting the capitalization of a title that is in all uppercase, it may be necessary to convert SS to ß (e.g. [http://www.musicbrainz.org/artist/b2d122f9-eadb-4930-a196-8f221eeb0c66.html Rammstein]'s "WEISSES FLEISCH" should be capitalized as "Weißes Fleisch"). Please note that the use of ß has changed after the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_spelling_reform spelling reform] (most important: new spelling ''dass'' and ''muss'' instead of old ''daß'' and ''muß'', but still ß after long vowels e.g. ''groß'').
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In text written in all caps, "ß" is commonly written "SS". When correcting the capitalisation, the usage of "ss" and "ß" should follow standard German orthography (e.g. [[Artist:b2d122f9-eadb-4930-a196-8f221eeb0c66|Rammstein's]] "WEISSES FLEISCH" should be capitalized as "Weißes Fleisch"). Please note that the use of ß has changed after the [[wikipedia:German_orthography_reform_of_1996|1996 spelling reform]] (most important: new spelling ''dass'' and ''muss'' instead of ''daß'' and ''muß'', but still ß after long vowels, e.g. ''groß'', and after [[wikipedia:Diphthong#German|diphthongs]], e.g. ''weiß'').
 
 
If you need help you might contact one of the moderators with [[Moderator Language/German|ModeratorLanguage/German]] or ask on the [[Users Mailing List|UsersMailingList]].  
 
  
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Style]]
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{{StyleBox}}
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[[Category:WikiDocs Page]]

Latest revision as of 19:06, 30 July 2021

Status: This is an official style guideline.

Auf Deutsch

Das erste Wort sollte groß geschrieben werden. Für den Rest gilt die übliche Groß- und Kleinschreibung.

In English

Capitalize the first word of a title, and stick to the normal German capitalization rules for the rest of the title.

For non-German speakers the main rule of this document in short: Nouns (also "common" nouns, not only proper nouns) and the first word of a sentence/title are capitalized, everything else is not. This is not completely correct, but appropriate most of the time.

In text written in all caps, "ß" is commonly written "SS". When correcting the capitalisation, the usage of "ss" and "ß" should follow standard German orthography (e.g. Rammstein's "WEISSES FLEISCH" should be capitalized as "Weißes Fleisch"). Please note that the use of ß has changed after the 1996 spelling reform (most important: new spelling dass and muss instead of daß and muß, but still ß after long vowels, e.g. groß, and after diphthongs, e.g. weiß).

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