Difference between revisions of "Style/Language/Japanese"

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(Japanese Language, Latin Script (Transliteration): Use a modification of hepburn with drops the macrons, some other changes.)
(Japanese Language, Latin Script (Transliteration): More changes... split transliteration and capitalization sections.)
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==Japanese Language, Latin Script (Transliteration)==
 
==Japanese Language, Latin Script (Transliteration)==
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===Transliteration Guide===
  
 
The recommended romanization method to use on Musicbrainz is a modified version of [[Wikipedia:Hepburn romanization|Revised Hepburn]]. Particular details of this style include:
 
The recommended romanization method to use on Musicbrainz is a modified version of [[Wikipedia:Hepburn romanization|Revised Hepburn]]. Particular details of this style include:
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* Syllabic '''ん''' is always written as '''n'''. In ambiguous cases, an apostrophe is used: “…んあ” is “…n’a”
 
* Syllabic '''ん''' is always written as '''n'''. In ambiguous cases, an apostrophe is used: “…んあ” is “…n’a”
 
* Long vowels should be spelled out using the kana spelling: ''aa'', ''ii'', ''uu'', ''ei'', ''ee'', ''ou'', ''oo'' as appropriate.
 
* Long vowels should be spelled out using the kana spelling: ''aa'', ''ii'', ''uu'', ''ei'', ''ee'', ''ou'', ''oo'' as appropriate.
** Except for certain well-known words, particularly proper names. For example, “Tokyo”, “Osaka”.
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** Except for certain well-known words, particularly proper names. For example, ''Tokyo''; ''Osaka''.
* A Sokuon (Small Tsu, '''っ''') should be indicated by doubling the following consonant: “っし” is “sshi”, “っち” is “cchi”, “っつ” is “ttsu”.
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* A Sokuon (Small Tsu, '''っ''') should be indicated by doubling the following consonant: '''っし''' is ''sshi'', '''っち''' is ''cchi'', '''っつ''' is ''ttsu''.
 
* '''じょ''' and '''じゅ''' are ''jo'' and ''ju'' respectively.
 
* '''じょ''' and '''じゅ''' are ''jo'' and ''ju'' respectively.
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* If a small vowel '''ぁぃぅぇぉ''' is used alone, it should be treated the same as one of '''あいうえお''': [[Track:a7d65bea-4464-410a-ad28-01d6a1e8a3c6|あぁ 恋しくて]] would be ''Aa Koishikute''.
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* A '''っ''' at the end of a word or sentence should be ignored.
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For borrowed words ([[Wikipedia:Gairaigo|Gairaigo]]), which are usually written in Katakana, it is preferred to use the spelling of the word in the original language rather than a transliteration of the Japanese pronunciation. Note that these words are not always originally English! An example is [[track:dd1d2827-bff6-49d7-a6ad-c40bf7c19212|プラチナ]], which comes from the spanish [[track:28d0ce23-6511-4c8d-a9a2-40cb0dd906e7|Platina]].
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Some additional notes about transliterations:
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* Word splitting in Japanese transliterations is not an exact science, particularly in the cases of compound words or verbs with auxiliary helpers. Particles should usually be seperate words.
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* Honourifics should be attached to a preceeding name with a dash, and be written in lowercase: ''Sakura-chan'', ''Yamada-san''.
  
However, for borrowed words ([[Wikipedia:Gairaigo|Gairaigo]]), which are usually written in Katakana, it is preferred to use the spelling of the word in the original language rather than a transliteration of the Japanese pronunciation. Note that these words are not always originally English! An example is [[track:dd1d2827-bff6-49d7-a6ad-c40bf7c19212|プラチナ]], which comes from the spanish [[track:28d0ce23-6511-4c8d-a9a2-40cb0dd906e7|Platina]].
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===Capitalization Guide===
  
 
The capitalization style used on transliterated (romanized) Japanese releases is designed to resemble the title-casing style used for English releases. In particular:
 
The capitalization style used on transliterated (romanized) Japanese releases is designed to resemble the title-casing style used for English releases. In particular:
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** Any words written using Latin characters in the original title should maintain the same capitalization as originally used.
 
** Any words written using Latin characters in the original title should maintain the same capitalization as originally used.
 
** In certain cases, Japanese words may be written in Katakana for emphasis. A common way to indicate this in transliterations is to use ''ALL CAPS''. This use is generally discouraged, but is tolerated for consistency with external sources.
 
** In certain cases, Japanese words may be written in Katakana for emphasis. A common way to indicate this in transliterations is to use ''ALL CAPS''. This use is generally discouraged, but is tolerated for consistency with external sources.
 
Some additional notes about transliterations:
 
 
* Word splitting in Japanese transliterations is not an exact science, particularly in the cases of compound words or verbs with auxiliary helpers.
 
* Honourifics should be attached to a preceeding name with a dash, and be written in lowercase: ''Sakura-chan'', ''Yamada-san''.
 

Revision as of 02:29, 28 November 2010


Status: This page describes an active style guideline proposal and is not official.



Proposal number: RFC-288
Champion: foolip
Current status: In development




Status: This is an official style guideline.

Note that these guidelines specifically apply to Japanese language releases. For western releases which have been released in Japan, please use the capitalization guidelines for the original language.

Japanese Language, Japanese Script (Kanji/Kana)

The Japanese script doesn't have any inherent capitalization. For releases originating in Japan, characters should be used as-is; with Kanji, Hiragana, or Katakana characters as used in the original titles.

Although the Japanese script has no capitalization, it is very common for Japanese titles to contain words in other scripts. Japanese artists have a tendency to choose capitalization and punctuation for aesthetic reasons; and to be very consistant regarding case over all releases. For this reason, words in the Latin script on a Japanese release should be in the same case as on the album art (or other available sources, such as official discography or record label pages), and not be normalized.

Japanese Language, Latin Script (Transliteration)

Transliteration Guide

The recommended romanization method to use on Musicbrainz is a modified version of Revised Hepburn. Particular details of this style include:

  • When , , or are used as particles, they should be rendered as e, wa, and o respectively.
  • Syllabic is always written as n. In ambiguous cases, an apostrophe is used: “…んあ” is “…n’a”
  • Long vowels should be spelled out using the kana spelling: aa, ii, uu, ei, ee, ou, oo as appropriate.
    • Except for certain well-known words, particularly proper names. For example, Tokyo; Osaka.
  • A Sokuon (Small Tsu, ) should be indicated by doubling the following consonant: っし is sshi, っち is cchi, っつ is ttsu.
  • じょ and じゅ are jo and ju respectively.
  • If a small vowel ぁぃぅぇぉ is used alone, it should be treated the same as one of あいうえお: あぁ 恋しくて would be Aa Koishikute.
  • A at the end of a word or sentence should be ignored.

For borrowed words (Gairaigo), which are usually written in Katakana, it is preferred to use the spelling of the word in the original language rather than a transliteration of the Japanese pronunciation. Note that these words are not always originally English! An example is プラチナ, which comes from the spanish Platina.

Some additional notes about transliterations:

  • Word splitting in Japanese transliterations is not an exact science, particularly in the cases of compound words or verbs with auxiliary helpers. Particles should usually be seperate words.
  • Honourifics should be attached to a preceeding name with a dash, and be written in lowercase: Sakura-chan, Yamada-san.

Capitalization Guide

The capitalization style used on transliterated (romanized) Japanese releases is designed to resemble the title-casing style used for English releases. In particular:

  • Every word should have the first letter capitalized, except:
    • Particles (1-2 mora long): wa, ga, o, ni, de, e, to, mo, ka, ya, kara, made, yo, ne, etc. Particles on Wikipedia
    • Any words written using Latin characters in the original title should maintain the same capitalization as originally used.
    • In certain cases, Japanese words may be written in Katakana for emphasis. A common way to indicate this in transliterations is to use ALL CAPS. This use is generally discouraged, but is tolerated for consistency with external sources.