Difference between revisions of "Style/Specific types of releases/Theatre"

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{{Official style}}
 
{{Official style}}
  
A "theatre" release is a recording of a work for the [[WikiPedia:Theatre|theatre]] involving music, songs, and/or spoken dialogue, occasionally also including dance.  Typically these works are of a [[WikiPedia:Musical_theatre|musical]] nature, but they may also be dramatic or comedic.
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A “theatre” release is a recording of a work for the [[WikiPedia:Theatre|theatre]] involving music, songs, and/or spoken dialogue, occasionally also including dance.  Typically these works are of a [[WikiPedia:Musical_theatre|musical]] nature, but they may also be dramatic or comedic.
  
 
== Applicability ==
 
== Applicability ==
 +
 
This guideline specifically applies only to ''non-''opera theatre releases.  [[Style/Specific types of releases/Opera|Opera]] is covered by a different style guideline.  Depending on the release, it may be more appropriate to instead apply [[Classical Style Guide|classical style]].  Theatre Style also applies to soundtracks for television or film versions of musical theater shows.
 
This guideline specifically applies only to ''non-''opera theatre releases.  [[Style/Specific types of releases/Opera|Opera]] is covered by a different style guideline.  Depending on the release, it may be more appropriate to instead apply [[Classical Style Guide|classical style]].  Theatre Style also applies to soundtracks for television or film versions of musical theater shows.
  
 
== Guidelines ==
 
== Guidelines ==
 +
 
1. The [[Release Type|release type]] should be '''Soundtrack''', ''even'' for live cast recordings.
 
1. The [[Release Type|release type]] should be '''Soundtrack''', ''even'' for live cast recordings.
  
2. The release, release group, and track [[Artist|artist]] should be the composer(s), '''not''' the performer(s), lyricist(s), and/or librettist(s).  
+
2. In most cases, the release group, release, recording and track [[artist credit]] should be to the work’s composer(s), '''not''' the performer(s), lyricist(s), or librettist(s). Performer(s), lyricist(s), and/or librettist(s) should be indicated using [[Advanced Relationships|advanced relationships]]. Exceptions:
:* Performer(s), lyricist(s), and/or librettist(s) should be indicated using [[Advanced Relationships|advanced relationships]].
+
:* The following commonly credited composer/lyricist collaborations should be expressed as joint artist credits to the composer and lyricist:
:* For non-musical theatre releases, the author of the work should be used as the artist.
+
::* Richard Rodgers & Oscar Hammerstein II as: [[Artist:346448f5-25a0-4f78-bbd6-acc0205f7513|Rodgers]] & [[Artist:a383f062-e527-4a57-98b0-9205b2f8f171|Hammerstein]]
 
+
::* William Gilbert & Arthur Sullivan as: [[Artist:949a471b-49a3-4d72-8054-37f3174b0a6a|Gilbert]] & [[Artist:4b466f5e-4620-4084-8841-3fe4ea38e689|Sullivan]]
:The [[Special Purpose Artist#Subsets_of_.5Bunknown.5D|Special Purpose Artist]] [musical theater] <small>(post-NGS: '[unknown]', using the '[musical theater] [[Artist Credit]]')</small> should be used for those cases where the composer is unknown.
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::* John Kander & Fred Ebb as: [[Artist:3916e074-5c71-493a-8815-a78fc7d26ec2|Kander]] & [[Artist:f0c93766-cab0-4968-8052-78657273f72b|Ebb]]
 
+
::* Alan Jay Lerner & Frederick Loewe as: [[Artist:56b7ad8e-3c4f-4f14-914d-f2852d147c2e|Lerner]] & [[Artist:673d3a45-5f49-4b5e-9910-4869a613d37f|Loewe]]
{{Caution|indent=5|rindent=5|note=Please note:|There currently is an unresolved question regarding the artist which should be used for certain notable composer/lyricist pairs.  Please follow this guideline as written, but until this question is resolved by the [[Style Council]], please '''do not''' merge the following composer/lyricist pairs into the composer:
+
::* Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart as: [[Artist:346448f5-25a0-4f78-bbd6-acc0205f7513|Rodgers]] & [[Artist:28a1a2c8-f86c-4497-891e-6d241686cd5d|Hart]]
:* Gilbert & Sullivan
+
:* For non-musical theatre releases, artist credit should be to the author of the work.
:* Kander & Ebb
+
:* The [[Special Purpose Artist]] of [[Artist:a0ef7e1d-44ff-4039-9435-7d5fefdeecc9|musical theater]] should be used for those cases where the composer is unknown.
:* Lerner & Loewe
+
:Any further exceptions should be approved by the [[Style Council|style council]].
:* Rogers & Hammerstein
 
:* Rodgers & Hart}}
 
  
3. The [[Release Title|release and release group titles]] should '''exclude''' [[Extra Title Information Style|extra title information]] information such as "Original Soundtrack", "Music from," etc., except that:
+
3. The [[Release Title|release and release group titles]] should '''exclude''' [[Extra Title Information Style|extra title information]] information such as “Original Soundtrack”, “Music from,etc., except that:
  
 
: 3a. The performance cast, '''with year''', should be used (with two exceptions; see #5 below) in the [[Release Title|release title]] and release group title.   
 
: 3a. The performance cast, '''with year''', should be used (with two exceptions; see #5 below) in the [[Release Title|release title]] and release group title.   
 
:: Examples:
 
:: Examples:
 
:::* [[Release:5cdde27c-1b6e-4883-998c-6b4d743b9321|Carousel (1956 film cast)]]
 
:::* [[Release:5cdde27c-1b6e-4883-998c-6b4d743b9321|Carousel (1956 film cast)]]
:::* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/d2d03449-7c0e-36df-abd9-ae5feeacc3d6.html State Fair (1945 & 1962 film casts)] (two different recordings, by two different casts, on the same release)
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:::* [[ReleaseGroup:d2d03449-7c0e-36df-abd9-ae5feeacc3d6.html|State Fair (1945 & 1962 film casts)]] (two different recordings, by two different casts, on the same release)
: 3b. "Broadway revival cast" is correct, not "new Broadway cast", as the 2004 Broadway cast is only the "new" cast until the next "newer" cast at some point in the future performs that same show in the same location.  "Revival" should ''only'' be used within the cast information if "revival" or "new" appears on the liner; it should not be otherwise assumed.
+
: 3b. "Broadway revival cast" is correct, not “new Broadway cast”, as the 2004 Broadway cast is only the “new” cast until the next “newer” cast at some point in the future performs that same show in the same location.  “Revival” should ''only'' be used within the cast information if “revival” or “new” appears on the liner; it should not be otherwise assumed.
  
 
4. For compilations of songs from different shows not compiled as part of a theatrical revue, or where the songs are performed by different '''casts''' of artists, do not include the cast information in the release and release group titles (unless it already is part of the title of the release).  For these excluded compilation releases, if the release is not an '''Album''' [[Release Type|release type]], the cast information should be appended to each track's title.  This should '''only''' be done for these compilations.
 
4. For compilations of songs from different shows not compiled as part of a theatrical revue, or where the songs are performed by different '''casts''' of artists, do not include the cast information in the release and release group titles (unless it already is part of the title of the release).  For these excluded compilation releases, if the release is not an '''Album''' [[Release Type|release type]], the cast information should be appended to each track's title.  This should '''only''' be done for these compilations.
 
:: Cast information ''should'' be appended to each track title:
 
:: Cast information ''should'' be appended to each track title:
:::* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/33acc83e-013d-3c69-8335-dd1a3ec01c08.html Over the Rainbow] (A ''revue'' by ''different'' casts.)
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:::* [[ReleaseGroup:33acc83e-013d-3c69-8335-dd1a3ec01c08.html|Over the Rainbow]] (A ''revue'' by ''different'' casts.)
 
:: Cast ''should '''not''''' be appended to each track title:  
 
:: Cast ''should '''not''''' be appended to each track title:  
:::* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/d3b4bd75-b870-3e84-9800-8c19a58ff664.html The Magic of Broadway] (''Album'' by release artist 101 Strings Orchestra.)
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:::* [[ReleaseGroup:d3b4bd75-b870-3e84-9800-8c19a58ff664.html|The Magic of Broadway]] (''Album'' by release artist 101 Strings Orchestra.)
 
:::* [[Release:845c24e0-34a9-4bf3-aaa3-c7669777ead7.html|Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast)]] (Not a ''compilation''.)
 
:::* [[Release:845c24e0-34a9-4bf3-aaa3-c7669777ead7.html|Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast)]] (Not a ''compilation''.)
:::* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/e19ae645-7d9b-31ac-8be2-8745a7a11b17.html The Very Best of Andrew Lloyd Webber] (Compilation, but of soloist performers, not entire casts.  Use performance ARs rather than adding the soloists into the track titles.)
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:::* [[ReleaseGroup:e19ae645-7d9b-31ac-8be2-8745a7a11b17.html|The Very Best of Andrew Lloyd Webber]] (Compilation, but of soloist performers, not entire casts.  Use performance ARs rather than adding the soloists into the track titles.)
:: Note: The intent of this guideline is to avoid the creation of "Cast of (some show)" artists whenever possible.  If it makes more sense to handle a special case differently, such as [[Artist:29542149-a818-4167-aa91-439adc9d61f5|Glee Cast]], differently, then common sense should overrule this guideline.  Such exceptions where a "cast of" artist would be created should be approved by the [[Style Council|style council]].
+
:: Note: The intent of this guideline is to avoid the creation of “Cast of (some show)artists whenever possible.  If it makes more sense to handle a special case differently, such as [[Artist:29542149-a818-4167-aa91-439adc9d61f5|Glee Cast]], differently, then common sense should overrule this guideline.  Such exceptions where a “cast of” artist would be created should be approved by the [[Style Council|style council]].
  
5. Within the cast information, '''only''' ''proper'' nouns (e.g. 'London', 'Broadway', 'Senator Theatre') should be capitalized.  All other words (e.g. 'cast', 'original', 'demo', 'revival') should be lower-cased.
+
5. Within the cast information, '''only''' ''proper'' nouns (e.g. “London”, “Broadway”, “Senator Theatre”) should be capitalized.  All other words (e.g. “cast”, “original”, “demo”, “revival”) should be lower-cased.
 
:: Incorrect: Allegro (1947 Original Broadway Cast)
 
:: Incorrect: Allegro (1947 Original Broadway Cast)
 
:: Correct: &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Release:845c24e0-34a9-4bf3-aaa3-c7669777ead7.html|Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast)]]
 
:: Correct: &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Release:845c24e0-34a9-4bf3-aaa3-c7669777ead7.html|Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast)]]
  
6. For the release type, and for interpreting guideline #4, 'compilation' should only be used for a ''true'' compilation.  The presence of multiple complete or nearly-complete shows (whether different shows, or the same, as in the State Fair example in guideline #3) on the same release does '''not''' make the release type ''compilation''.
+
6. For the release type, and for interpreting guideline #4, “compilation” should only be used for a ''true'' compilation.  The presence of multiple complete or nearly-complete shows (whether different shows, or the same, as in the State Fair example in guideline #3) on the same release does '''not''' make the release type ''compilation''.
  
 
7. For a live cast recording, two minor differences from normal [[Style/Specific types of releases/Live bootlegs|Live bootlegs]] apply:
 
7. For a live cast recording, two minor differences from normal [[Style/Specific types of releases/Live bootlegs|Live bootlegs]] apply:
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== Examples ==
 
== Examples ==
 
: '''Theatre Style applies''':
 
: '''Theatre Style applies''':
:*[http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/00522915-b664-315f-baaf-be865c9d3a40.html Oklahoma! (1998 London cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:00522915-b664-315f-baaf-be865c9d3a40.html|Oklahoma! (1998 London cast)]]
:* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/932b6296-9697-32f9-9a7e-bd41a40787de.html The Rocky Horror Show (1973 original London cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:932b6296-9697-32f9-9a7e-bd41a40787de.html|The Rocky Horror Show (1973 original London cast)]]
 
:: Studio recording of a musical theatre work
 
:: Studio recording of a musical theatre work
:*[http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/15a2ef94-f8c5-31e9-b9d1-9ff32fa8833f.html Godspell (1973 film cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:15a2ef94-f8c5-31e9-b9d1-9ff32fa8833f.html|Godspell (1973 film cast)]]
:* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/e7349e26-3fd0-3c42-94cd-f69077e2460c.html My Fair Lady (1964 film cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:e7349e26-3fd0-3c42-94cd-f69077e2460c.html|My Fair Lady (1964 film cast)]]
:* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/3bcbb670-3d84-31a1-9838-42633504b075.html The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975 film cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:3bcbb670-3d84-31a1-9838-42633504b075.html|The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975 film cast)]]
 
:: Soundtracks to films based upon musical theatre shows. Theatre Style overrides the generic Soundtrack Style.
 
:: Soundtracks to films based upon musical theatre shows. Theatre Style overrides the generic Soundtrack Style.
:*[http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/9eb0cfee-6a72-3a88-8eb4-c7b26e0aeba9.html Chess (1984 demo cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:9eb0cfee-6a72-3a88-8eb4-c7b26e0aeba9.html|Chess (1984 demo cast)]]
 
:: Demo cast recording for a musical theatre work.
 
:: Demo cast recording for a musical theatre work.
:*[http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/9c53cc60-f9c0-3438-a605-68171f4cdc83.html The Taming of the Shrew]
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:* [[ReleaseGroup:9c53cc60-f9c0-3438-a605-68171f4cdc83.html|The Taming of the Shrew]]
 
:: Non-musical theatre release, using the author, [[Artist:a4ba11db-ae2b-4ec3-9084-2136db11acfa|William Shakespeare]], as the artist.
 
:: Non-musical theatre release, using the author, [[Artist:a4ba11db-ae2b-4ec3-9084-2136db11acfa|William Shakespeare]], as the artist.
 
::* Note that this example overlaps with [[Proposal:Audiobook_Style|Audiobook Style]].  There is no cast information included in the title, as there is a single reader, rather than a dramatic performing cast.
 
::* Note that this example overlaps with [[Proposal:Audiobook_Style|Audiobook Style]].  There is no cast information included in the title, as there is a single reader, rather than a dramatic performing cast.
:*[http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/789368ce-77b9-311b-8a30-cb852d14a414.html The Little Mermaid (2007-07-26 Denver cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:789368ce-77b9-311b-8a30-cb852d14a414.html|The Little Mermaid (2007-07-26 Denver cast)]]
 
:: Live bootleg of a theatre cast with a known performance date.
 
:: Live bootleg of a theatre cast with a known performance date.
:*[http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/fc880131-a062-36ef-98ba-27d6c94a9100.html A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (2005-xx-xx Encores! cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:fc880131-a062-36ef-98ba-27d6c94a9100.html|A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (2005-xx-xx Encores! cast)]]
 
:: Live bootleg of a theatre cast with an unknown performance date, where only the performance season is known.
 
:: Live bootleg of a theatre cast with an unknown performance date, where only the performance season is known.
:* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/948d25bc-5fdb-309a-96fd-fe4b2c2f1abd.html Barnum (1980 original Broadway Cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:948d25bc-5fdb-309a-96fd-fe4b2c2f1abd.html|Barnum (1980 original Broadway Cast)]]
:* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/2d1da92a-0667-3237-99df-5705d48ca3e0.html Pacific Overtures (2004 Broadway revival cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:2d1da92a-0667-3237-99df-5705d48ca3e0.html|Pacific Overtures (2004 Broadway revival cast)]]
:* [http://musicbrainz.org/release/8bec3b22-5770-4eea-b8ba-28aaef651169.html Zorba (1983 Broadway revival cast)]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:8bec3b22-5770-4eea-b8ba-28aaef651169.html|Zorba (1983 Broadway revival cast)]]
 
::* Original and revival casts.
 
::* Original and revival casts.
 
:: Studio recording of a musical theatre work
 
:: Studio recording of a musical theatre work
 
: '''Theatre Style does not apply''':
 
: '''Theatre Style does not apply''':
:*[http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/b7b5d294-fdc3-375a-99a8-5f0ed3e15ca4.html Der Stein der Weisen]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:b7b5d294-fdc3-375a-99a8-5f0ed3e15ca4.html|Der Stein der Weisen]]
:*[http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/ff8bbb92-90be-35c9-9e70-1a7a1ef3cd65.html Le nozze di Figaro]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:ff8bbb92-90be-35c9-9e70-1a7a1ef3cd65.html|Le nozze di Figaro]]
 
:: These are operas, thus [[Style/Specific types of releases/Opera|Opera]], not Theatre Style, would apply.
 
:: These are operas, thus [[Style/Specific types of releases/Opera|Opera]], not Theatre Style, would apply.
:* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/fbbd1e53-894c-3469-b2aa-d3448ebcb645.html Digital Broadway]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:fbbd1e53-894c-3469-b2aa-d3448ebcb645.html|Digital Broadway]]
:* [http://musicbrainz.org/release-group/0797dfe0-a424-39b8-b6c9-59a2661ce2a1.html Hello Broadway]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:0797dfe0-a424-39b8-b6c9-59a2661ce2a1.html|Hello Broadway]]
:: A musical theater-themed album is not automatically considered a 'theatre release'.
+
:: A musical theater-themed album is not automatically considered a “theatre release”.
  
 
[[Category:WikiDocs Page]]
 
[[Category:WikiDocs Page]]

Revision as of 21:34, 21 August 2011

Status: This is an official style guideline.

A “theatre” release is a recording of a work for the theatre involving music, songs, and/or spoken dialogue, occasionally also including dance. Typically these works are of a musical nature, but they may also be dramatic or comedic.

Applicability

This guideline specifically applies only to non-opera theatre releases. Opera is covered by a different style guideline. Depending on the release, it may be more appropriate to instead apply classical style. Theatre Style also applies to soundtracks for television or film versions of musical theater shows.

Guidelines

1. The release type should be Soundtrack, even for live cast recordings.

2. In most cases, the release group, release, recording and track artist credit should be to the work’s composer(s), not the performer(s), lyricist(s), or librettist(s). Performer(s), lyricist(s), and/or librettist(s) should be indicated using advanced relationships. Exceptions:

  • The following commonly credited composer/lyricist collaborations should be expressed as joint artist credits to the composer and lyricist:
  • For non-musical theatre releases, artist credit should be to the author of the work.
  • The Special Purpose Artist of musical theater should be used for those cases where the composer is unknown.
Any further exceptions should be approved by the style council.

3. The release and release group titles should exclude extra title information information such as “Original Soundtrack”, “Music from,” etc., except that:

3a. The performance cast, with year, should be used (with two exceptions; see #5 below) in the release title and release group title.
Examples:
3b. "Broadway revival cast" is correct, not “new Broadway cast”, as the 2004 Broadway cast is only the “new” cast until the next “newer” cast at some point in the future performs that same show in the same location. “Revival” should only be used within the cast information if “revival” or “new” appears on the liner; it should not be otherwise assumed.

4. For compilations of songs from different shows not compiled as part of a theatrical revue, or where the songs are performed by different casts of artists, do not include the cast information in the release and release group titles (unless it already is part of the title of the release). For these excluded compilation releases, if the release is not an Album release type, the cast information should be appended to each track's title. This should only be done for these compilations.

Cast information should be appended to each track title:
Cast should not be appended to each track title:
Note: The intent of this guideline is to avoid the creation of “Cast of (some show)” artists whenever possible. If it makes more sense to handle a special case differently, such as Glee Cast, differently, then common sense should overrule this guideline. Such exceptions where a “cast of” artist would be created should be approved by the style council.

5. Within the cast information, only proper nouns (e.g. “London”, “Broadway”, “Senator Theatre”) should be capitalized. All other words (e.g. “cast”, “original”, “demo”, “revival”) should be lower-cased.

Incorrect: Allegro (1947 Original Broadway Cast)
Correct:    Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast)

6. For the release type, and for interpreting guideline #4, “compilation” should only be used for a true compilation. The presence of multiple complete or nearly-complete shows (whether different shows, or the same, as in the State Fair example in guideline #3) on the same release does not make the release type compilation.

7. For a live cast recording, two minor differences from normal Live bootlegs apply:

a. Exclude the colon after the date.
b. If the city is easily identifiable (e.g. Toronto, London, Paris, New York, etc.), other location information may be excluded.

Examples

Theatre Style applies:
Studio recording of a musical theatre work
Soundtracks to films based upon musical theatre shows. Theatre Style overrides the generic Soundtrack Style.
Demo cast recording for a musical theatre work.
Non-musical theatre release, using the author, William Shakespeare, as the artist.
  • Note that this example overlaps with Audiobook Style. There is no cast information included in the title, as there is a single reader, rather than a dramatic performing cast.
Live bootleg of a theatre cast with a known performance date.
Live bootleg of a theatre cast with an unknown performance date, where only the performance season is known.
  • Original and revival casts.
Studio recording of a musical theatre work
Theatre Style does not apply:
These are operas, thus Opera, not Theatre Style, would apply.
A musical theater-themed album is not automatically considered a “theatre release”.