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Veena or vina


hindustani classical music, rajasthani folk sarangi, nepali sarangi
sarangi type:
kashmir (saran)
south afghanistan (sarang)
jammu (saranga)

.type of lute, evolved from the rabab includes this and the ghaychack in its family evolved from the kobyz. (kobyz, ghaychac sarangi)

sarinda, is related to and may derive from central asian shamans-fiddle qobuz (kobys?)
afghanistan, pakistan and north india (sarinda)

pakistani baluchistan (saroz)
iranian baluchistan (sorud (soruz)) derived from qobuz but more like indian types in use and construction, used for ritual
pakistani sind (surando) sindi and baluchi models have deeper upper bouts than sarinda

rajasthan (surinda) three main strings
Assam (sareja)

bengal (variant long necked svaraj)(belongs to sitar maybe?)

manipur north-east india (sananta)
east & north india (banam)
nepal (sarangi)


hindustani sitar seems to have more in common with large uzbek dutar than persian setar
sitar and souther tambura (drone tanbura? yes!) to be evolved from the dutar?
also Sarasvati vina from this?
sitar has frets, tambura not
terms "fretted and unfretted tambura" used to distinguish between sitar and fretless drone taMbura

sursotta (transportable drone tambura)

other sitar types: (distribution and related features suggest a common development)
carnatic sitar
kashmiri setar
afgan tanbur
gujarati sittarae(poss)

most common: Hindustani concert sitar aka tarafdar sitar (singel gourd and duble gourd)

has sympathetic strings, this is mostly commonly just called sitar and is the standard made

sada sitar (plain or practice sitar)
kachva sitar muhammad khan developed the surbahar from this, name probably a ref to the part of the gourd its used from.
small sitar (kinnari veena)
carnatic sitar

effectively a bass sitar. invented c1820 by ghulam muhammad

Sursingar hybrid plucked north indian classical lute invented c1800 by jaffar khan (seniya family)
resonator, front and bridge from sitar, upperpart of neck/pegboard like the rabab, tuned and played like rabab, plectrum like sitar.
(clearly this is a sitar/rabab hybrid)
it has a sub-branch the sitariya (see sitar -_-)

+ lookup +
taus mayerivina
dhodro banam

kachva sitar

khuur (mong fiddle)

rabab-> sarod

double chested rabab (pearshaped lute rubab)
long-necked rabab (spikefiddle rebab)

svaraj fretless long necked plucked lute from bangladesj, it is a bangl version of the bengali/northindian dotara, it ought to be spelled saraj (see esraj)

Origin: India, 13th century.
Strings/Courses: 7/7
Further notes: 3 drone strings, 5 melody strings, usually 12 sympathetic strings. Sympathetic strings are tuned depending on the raga being played. Steel strings.
Scale Length: 680-870mm

The Sitar is a Hindustani Classical Instrument.

spikefiddle, to wit the ghjichak and the kemenche belong...
short necked fiddle boat-shaped (appears similar to double chested ones and may these pre-evolution)
long necked barbed lute (pearshaped lutes?!) kamance ravaj read vina
double chested lutes, herein the sarinda and sarangi families. and images on and (compare image on ) makes it clear that it is the setar that is evolved from the tritantri veena - the sitar an unrelated (but possible distant cousin) was *named* after the Persian setar.