Difference between revisions of "User:Symphonick/CSG Work Titles"

From MusicBrainz Wiki
(soon)
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==Language==
 
==Language==
If possible, use the language of the first performance, if the work was written with a specific performance in mind. Not applicable for works published after the composer's death.<br />
+
If a work is available with translated titles and it is unclear which is the original, use the language of the first performance (if the work was written with a specific performance or audience in mind). If this fails, use the composer's preferred language. <br />
  
See the respective CSG-language pages for how to format language-specific details.
+
See the respective CSG-language pages for how to format language-specific details. Also see "work type as title" below for untitled / generic titled works.
  
 
{{note}} Works with translated lyrics (as opposed to works with only a translated title) should have the specific translation as default language.
 
{{note}} Works with translated lyrics (as opposed to works with only a translated title) should have the specific translation as default language.
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===Aliases===
 
===Aliases===
 
There can be only one "official" alias per language; try to find the standard translation for your specific language.  
 
There can be only one "official" alias per language; try to find the standard translation for your specific language.  
Be aware that direct translations is not always an option. E.g. a literal translation of "Quartet for Strings" will not work for every language, perhaps the
+
<br />
form "String quartet" is more appropriate.<br />
+
You can enter more aliases as search help (common misspellings etc.), but they cannot have a language set.<br />
You can enter more aliases as search help (common misspellings etc.), but they should not have a language set.<br />
 
  
 
{{note}} It is expected that eventually, both a title (alias) in the user's preferred language AND the default workname can be shown in the UI.
 
{{note}} It is expected that eventually, both a title (alias) in the user's preferred language AND the default workname can be shown in the UI.
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==Catalogue numbers==
 
==Catalogue numbers==
Since catalogue numbers are an important part of identifying a work, as a temporary workaround one catalogue number can be added to the title. If more than one catalogue is used for a work, try to find the most commonly used catalogue.  
+
Catalogue numbers are separated from titles and should be put in the specific fields ''or advanced attributes''<br />
 
+
''Since catalogue numbers are an important part of identifying a work, as a temporary workaround one catalogue number can be added to the title. If more than one catalogue is used for a work, try to find the most commonly used catalogue.''
{{note}} There is a possibility that catalogue numbers will get a specific field, or that advanced properties can be used for this purpose.
 
  
  
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===Part ordering===
 
===Part ordering===
*Part numbers should eventually have a separate (text) field, and there should be a "position" attribute too
+
Part numbers are not a part of the title, use the specific field.<br />
*The final part of multi-part works is often listed with both "Finale" and tempo, e.g. "Finale: Allegro".
+
''Unfortunately there currently no ordering system available in MusicBrainz. Until a solution is in place, the disambiguation field can be used if necessary; e.g. "Allegro (1st mvt)" vs. "Allegro (3rd mvt)".''
  
  
Line 65: Line 63:
  
 
====Instrumentation====
 
====Instrumentation====
 
+
Instrumentation should be specified with advanced attributes ''or a specific field''.<br />
 +
Until this is available, certain generic works need information about solo instruments in the title, mostly concertos and sonatas. ''Be aware that direct translations of instrumentation is not always an option. E.g. a literal translation of "Quartet for Strings" will not work for every language, perhaps the form "String quartet" is more appropriate.''
  
 
==Tempo / Character==
 
==Tempo / Character==
Musicbrainz has no field explicitly for storing the tempo of a work. The annotation can be used for this purpose.
+
Musicbrainz has currently no field for storing the tempo of a work. The annotation can be used for this purpose.
  
 
===Tempo as title===
 
===Tempo as title===
The exception is when the work has no title except tempo or character, e.g. Allegro, Slow. This is common for movements of larger generic works. Note that you should not translate tempi (possibly transliterate). If you believe a translated alias is needed as search help, that alias should not be official.  
+
Tempo can be used as title when the work has no title except tempo or character; e.g. Allegro, Slow. This is common for movements of larger generic works. Note that you should not translate tempi (possibly transliterate). If you believe a translated alias is needed as search help, that alias should not be official.  
  
Only use the first tempo in the title field, do not list tempo changes inside the work. A second tempo can be used if it describes a major section, for instance in Beethoven's piano sonatas when there is a short introduction in a slower tempo than the main part of the movement. (these type of works are usually referred to with both tempi outside Musicbrainz too).  
+
Only use the first tempo in the title field, do not list tempo changes inside the work. A second tempo can be used if it describes a major section, for instance in Beethoven's piano sonatas when there is a short introduction in a slower tempo than the main part of the movement. (these type of works are usually referred to with both tempi outside MusicBrainz too).  
  
 +
{{note}} The final part of multi-part works is often listed with both "Finale" and tempo, e.g. "Finale: Allegro". This formatting should not be used anywhere else; tempo information is separate from titles and does not belong in the title field.
  
 
==Key / Modus==
 
==Key / Modus==
Musicbrainz has no field explicitly for storing the key of a work. The annotation can be used for this purpose.
+
Should be put in the "key" field.<br />
 +
''Until this field is available, use the annotation for keys. Also see below.''
  
===Keys in generic titled works===
+
===Keys in generic titled works (temporary workaround)===
(see Work type as title above) For certain generic-titled works, the key is an important identifier and should be added to the title. Examples of such works include symphonies, sonatas, preludes, fugues. Try to follow convention; a composer can write a standalone "Minuet in g", but you would never put the key in the title of a minuet inside a symphony by the same composer.
+
(see Work type as title above) For certain generic-titled works, the key is an important identifier and should be added to the title. Examples of such works include symphonies, sonatas, preludes, fugues. Try to follow convention; a composer can write a standalone "Minuet in g", but you would never put the key in the title of a minuet inside a symphony by the same composer.<br />
 +
When a key field is available, keys should be removed from all titles (unless artist intent can be claimed).
  
 
==Quotes==
 
==Quotes==
Line 86: Line 88:
 
   
 
   
 
==Dramatic roles==
 
==Dramatic roles==
 +
Roles (e.g. Evangelista, Carmen) should be listed in a specific field.
  
==Sub-titles===
+
==Sub-titles==
Ex. Nixon in China, Foxtrot for orchestra
+
MusicBrainz does not support sub-titles. If you believe the sub-title is useful for searching, put it in an "unofficial" alias. Otherwise use the annotation.
 +
Ex. Nixon in China, subtitled: Foxtrot for orchestra
 +
 
 +
==Convenience / pseudo works==
 +
Bridal chorus from Lohengrin etc. Try to find the most commonly used title, in the relevant language if possible (same language as the lyrics).
  
 
==Examples==
 
==Examples==
 
*[[Work:45efd8f4-4c40-4145-9e5c-4d11ed7babde|Carmen]]
 
*[[Work:45efd8f4-4c40-4145-9e5c-4d11ed7babde|Carmen]]
 +
*[[Work:41cc50ef-631e-42e5-ae4c-7bdf5e16cff4|Москва, Черемушки, Op. 105]]
 +
*opera act
 +
*Opera aria
 +
*Convenience work
 
*[[Work:b064a388-1c4a-4483-bdb7-e025ad3b963d|Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben, BWV 147]]
 
*[[Work:b064a388-1c4a-4483-bdb7-e025ad3b963d|Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben, BWV 147]]
 +
*oratorio recitativo
 
*[[Work:f6aac451-41be-3f5b-afd8-8b6a15791d4b|Wie unglücklich bin ich nit, K. 147 (125g)]]
 
*[[Work:f6aac451-41be-3f5b-afd8-8b6a15791d4b|Wie unglücklich bin ich nit, K. 147 (125g)]]
*[[Work:41cc50ef-631e-42e5-ae4c-7bdf5e16cff4|Москва, Черемушки, Op. 105]]
+
*translated song
 
*[[Work:d2fbf91c-f3a6-4667-a892-56d615f56e23|Jeu de cartes]]
 
*[[Work:d2fbf91c-f3a6-4667-a892-56d615f56e23|Jeu de cartes]]
 +
*ballet scene
 +
*symphony
 +
*sonata movement

Revision as of 15:52, 24 March 2013


Status: This page describes an active style guideline proposal and is not official.



Proposal number: RFC-CSG Works part II: Titles
Champion: symphonick
Current status: pre-RFC




Sources

The name should be recorded in MB as it exists in print from a reliable source, such as a recent urtext edition. Adding to or altering a title given by the composer or publisher should be avoided (see language below regarding translations and more).

If you don't have access to the best edition, just use the best source you can find. The title can be corrected later.


Language

If a work is available with translated titles and it is unclear which is the original, use the language of the first performance (if the work was written with a specific performance or audience in mind). If this fails, use the composer's preferred language.

See the respective CSG-language pages for how to format language-specific details. Also see "work type as title" below for untitled / generic titled works.

Note Note: Works with translated lyrics (as opposed to works with only a translated title) should have the specific translation as default language.

Aliases

There can be only one "official" alias per language; try to find the standard translation for your specific language.
You can enter more aliases as search help (common misspellings etc.), but they cannot have a language set.

Note Note: It is expected that eventually, both a title (alias) in the user's preferred language AND the default workname can be shown in the UI.

Nicknames

Remember that nicknames are local. They are not by the composer, and should therefore only be used in aliases.

Note Note: There is a possibility that there will be a specific field for nicknames eventually.


Catalogue numbers

Catalogue numbers are separated from titles and should be put in the specific fields or advanced attributes
Since catalogue numbers are an important part of identifying a work, as a temporary workaround one catalogue number can be added to the title. If more than one catalogue is used for a work, try to find the most commonly used catalogue.


Multi-part works

One work can contain several layers of parts, though usually not more than three; e.g. Opera - Act - Part or Cantata - Part - Part.

Part work titles should not inherit the title of the parent work, like the old track titles in MusicBrainz.

Part ordering

Part numbers are not a part of the title, use the specific field.
Unfortunately there currently no ordering system available in MusicBrainz. Until a solution is in place, the disambiguation field can be used if necessary; e.g. "Allegro (1st mvt)" vs. "Allegro (3rd mvt)".


Work type

The type of work (e.g. Aria, Sonata, Trio) is stored in the work type field, not inside the title.

Work type as title

Works that only have a work type / form as identifier (e.g. Sonata, Quartetto), here called "generic" or "untitled" works, should be listed in the composer's preferred language. Usually only the first sub-section of a work should be listed, but exceptions can be made when a work is divided into different sections by the composer, e.g. Menuet - Trio.

Note Note: All forms are not translated in every language, e.g. Mazurka.

Instrumentation

Instrumentation should be specified with advanced attributes or a specific field.
Until this is available, certain generic works need information about solo instruments in the title, mostly concertos and sonatas. Be aware that direct translations of instrumentation is not always an option. E.g. a literal translation of "Quartet for Strings" will not work for every language, perhaps the form "String quartet" is more appropriate.

Tempo / Character

Musicbrainz has currently no field for storing the tempo of a work. The annotation can be used for this purpose.

Tempo as title

Tempo can be used as title when the work has no title except tempo or character; e.g. Allegro, Slow. This is common for movements of larger generic works. Note that you should not translate tempi (possibly transliterate). If you believe a translated alias is needed as search help, that alias should not be official.

Only use the first tempo in the title field, do not list tempo changes inside the work. A second tempo can be used if it describes a major section, for instance in Beethoven's piano sonatas when there is a short introduction in a slower tempo than the main part of the movement. (these type of works are usually referred to with both tempi outside MusicBrainz too).

Note Note: The final part of multi-part works is often listed with both "Finale" and tempo, e.g. "Finale: Allegro". This formatting should not be used anywhere else; tempo information is separate from titles and does not belong in the title field.

Key / Modus

Should be put in the "key" field.
Until this field is available, use the annotation for keys. Also see below.

Keys in generic titled works (temporary workaround)

(see Work type as title above) For certain generic-titled works, the key is an important identifier and should be added to the title. Examples of such works include symphonies, sonatas, preludes, fugues. Try to follow convention; a composer can write a standalone "Minuet in g", but you would never put the key in the title of a minuet inside a symphony by the same composer.
When a key field is available, keys should be removed from all titles (unless artist intent can be claimed).

Quotes

Especially in older vocal music, the title can be made up of (a part of) the first line in the lyrics. Do not use quotation marks, and try to find a good source for the length of the quote if not available in the score.

Dramatic roles

Roles (e.g. Evangelista, Carmen) should be listed in a specific field.

Sub-titles

MusicBrainz does not support sub-titles. If you believe the sub-title is useful for searching, put it in an "unofficial" alias. Otherwise use the annotation. Ex. Nixon in China, subtitled: Foxtrot for orchestra

Convenience / pseudo works

Bridal chorus from Lohengrin etc. Try to find the most commonly used title, in the relevant language if possible (same language as the lyrics).

Examples