History:CSG Standard/Translation

From MusicBrainz Wiki

This is for a very rough project in the beginning stages...

Essentially, to build up a table of CSG-used text in various languages - not libretto text, etc, but "in"/"a"/"from"/etc, keys, instruments, and other words needed to be able to take any:

  • Symphony No. 41 in C major, K. 551 "Jupiter": I. Allegro vivace

and output:

  • Sinfonie No. 41 in C dur, K. 551 "Jupiter": I. Allegro vivace
  • Sinfonia No. 41 en Do mayor, K. 551 "Jupiter": I. Allegro vivace
  • etc.

so we can then work on translating from any source language to any desired language for classical.

Basic short words (definite articles, etc)

Note English French German Italian Spanish Norwegian Dutch Russian Chinese Japanese Finnish Swedish Add More!
A a un/une (1) ein/eine (1) en/ett
B the le/la/les (2) der/die/das - die(plural) (2) -en/-et suffix to noun, den/det/dom/dess (3)(5)
C of de von av
D in en in i/med/under/på (3)
E for pour für för/på/i/som/till (3)
F and et und och
G No. nº (4) Nr. nr
H to zu
I an
J an
K after nach
L or oder
  1. masculine/feminine
  2. masculine/feminine/plural
  3. depends on the context
  4. note this is the ordinal masculine indicator (ordm), and not the degree symbol (°).
  5. det may be pronounced dom, and although not properly written that way it does turn up in idiomatic usage.

Note: CSG-based context for each (ie, this should be the only situation(s) for which we'd be trying to translate that word):

  1. Following the words "to", "from", or "of":
    • "Movement to a Sonata"
    • "Sketches of a Ballet"
    • "Beginning of a Fugue"

B. Linking work type to subject:

    • "Cantata on the Holy Grave of Christ"

C. Linking work type to subject:

    • "Sketches of a Ballet"
    • "Beginning of a Fugue"
    • "Reduction for Piano of Contredanse for Orchestra"

D. Only in key identification:

    • "in C minor"

E. Linking work type and instrument:

    • "Andante for Piano"
    • "Reduction for Piano of Contredanse for Orchestra"

F. Either linking two worktypes or two instruments:

    • "Recitative and Aria"
    • "2 Violins, 2 Horns and Bass"

G. Opus, work or opera number:

    • "12 German Dances for Orchestra in E-flat major, K. 567 No. 7"
    • "Symphony No. 14 in A major"
    • "Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 9 in C major"
    • "Apollo et Hyacinthus, K. 38: Act I No. 3 Aria 'Iam pastor Apollo'"

H. Linking work type modifications to work types:

    • "Final Movement to a Sonata"
    • "Sketch to a Symphony Movement"
    • "Sketch to a Symphony Movement or to an Overture in C major"
  1. Following the words "to", "from", or "of":
    • "Theme from an Unidentified"
    • "Sketches of an Oratorio"
    • "Beginning of an Overture"||

J. Linking work type to subject:

    • "Cantata on the Holy Grave of Christ"
    • "Variations on Chr. E. Graaf: "Laat ons juichen, Batavieren!""

K. Linking work to basis:

    • "Concerto... ..., after J.C. Bach: Keyboard Sonata, Opus 5. No. 2 in D major: I. Allegro"

K. Between two catalog-uncertain work type identifications:

    • "Sketch to a Symphony Movement or to an Overture in C major"


English French German Italian Spanish Norwegian Dutch Russian Chinese Japanese Finnish Swedish Add More!
zero zéro null nolla noll
one un eins yksi en/ett
two deux zwei kaksi två
three trois drei kolme tre
four quatre vier neljä fyra
five cinq fünf viisi fem
six six sechs kuusi sex
seven sept sieben seitsemän sju
eight huit acht kahdeksan åtta
nine neuf neun yhdeksän nia/nio
ten dix zehn kymmenen tia/tio
eleven onze elf yksitoista elva
twelve douze zwölf kaksitoista tolv
thirteen treize dreizehn kolmetoista tretton
fourteen quatorze vierzehn neljätoista fjorton
fifteen quinze fünfzehn viisitoista femton
sixteen seize sechzehn kuusitoista sexton
seventeen dix-sept siebzehn seitsemäntoista sjutton
eighteen dix-huit achtzehn kahdeksantoista arton
nineteen dix-neuf neunzehn yhdeksäntoista nitton
twenty vingt zwanzig kaksikymmentä tjugo

Numbers for Performers

English French German Italian Spanish Norwegian Dutch Russian Chinese Japanese Finnish Swedish Add More!
solo / solos Solo
duet / duets Duo
trio / trios Trio
quartet / quartets Quartett
quintet / quintets Quintett
sextet / sextets Sextett
septet / septets Septett
octet / octets Oktett
nonet / nonets Nonett


Please also capitalize as is correct for the language, in this section.

English French German Italian Spanish Norwegian Dutch Russian Chinese Japanese Add More!
A major La majeur A dur La maggiore La mayor
A-flat major La bémol majeur As dur La bemolle maggiore la bemol mayor
A-sharp major La dièse majeur Ais Dur
A minor La mineur a moll la minore la menor
A-flat minor La bémol mineur as moll la bemolle minore la bemol menor
A-sharp minor La dièse mineur ais moll do diesis minore la sostenido menor
B major Si majeur H dur Si maggiore Si mayor
B-flat major Si bémol majeur B dur Si bemolle maggiore Si bemol mayor
B-sharp major Si dièse majeur His Dur
B minor Si mineur h moll si minore si menor
B-flat minor Si bémol mineur b moll si bemolle minore si bemol menor
B-sharp minor Si dièse mineur His moll
C major Ut majeur C dur Do maggiore Do mayor
C-flat major Ut bémol majeur Ces dur Do bemolle maggiore Do bemol mayor
C-sharp major Ut dièse majeur Cis dur Do diesis maggiore Do sostenido mayor
C minor Ut mineur c moll do minore do menor
C-flat minor Ut bémol mineur
C-sharp minor Ut dièse mineur cis moll do diesis minore do sostenido menor
D major Ré majeur D dur Re maggiore Re mayor
D-flat major Ré bémol majeur Des dur Re bemolle maggiore Re bemol mayor
D-sharp major Ré dièse majeur
D minor Ré mineur d moll re minore re menor
D-flat minor Ré bémol mineur
D-sharp minor Ré dièse mineur dis moll re diesis minore re sostenido menor
E major Mi majeur E dur Mi maggiore Mi mayor
E-flat major Mi bémol majeur Es dur Mi bemolle maggiore mi bemol menor
E-sharp major Mi dièse majeur
E minor Mi mineur e moll mi minore mi menor
E-flat minor Mi bémol mineur es moll mi bemolle minore mi bemol manor
E-sharp minor Mi dièse mineur
F major Fa majeur F dur Fa maggiore Fa mayor
F-flat major Fa bémol majeur
F-sharp major Fa dièse majeur Fis dur Fa diesis maggiore Fa sostenido mayor
F minor Fa mineur f moll fa minore fa menor
F-flat minor Fa bémol mineur
F-sharp minor Fa dièse mineur fis moll fa diesis minore fa sostenido menor
G major Sol majeur G dur Sol maggiore Sol mayor
G-flat major Sol bémol majeur Ges dur Sol bemolle maggiore Sol bemol mayor
G-sharp major Sol dièse majeur
G minor Sol mineur g moll sol minore sol menor
G-flat minor Sol bémol mineur
G-sharp minor Sol dièse mineur gis moll sol diesis minore sol sostenido menor

(*) note that in French, Ut is the old denomination for Do. Both are correct. Ut is still used in technical or theoretical terms.

  • If a work were to be machine translated from English to French, which would be more correct? Ut or Do? -- BrianSchweitzer 08:59, 24 January 2008 (UTC)
    • I don't think having an automatic translation for that is feasible, and either may be more correct depending on the context, but please ask davitof opinion about that. -- dmppanda 12:40, 24 January 2008 (UTC)

Work Types

These are all intended to refer to the word for the type of music, not such things as what you breath, something you do to lose weight, or the creature that walks on eight legs.

English French German Italian Spanish Norwegian Dutch Russian Chinese Japanese Finnish Swedish Add More!
air / airs
alleluia / alleluias
allemande / allemandes
anthem / anthems
apolytikion / ?
aria / arias
bacchanale / bacchanales
badinerie / ?
bagatelle / bagatelles
ballad / ballads
ballade / ballades
ballata / ballate
ballet / ballets
barcarolle / barcarolles
barzelletta / barzellettas
bicinium / bicinia
bourrée / bourrées
branle / branles
cadenza / cadenzas
canon / canons
cantata / cantatas
canzona / canzonas
canzone / canzoni
canzonetta / canzonettas
carol / carols
cassation / cassations
chaconne / chaconnes
chanson / chansons
chant / chants
chastushka / chastushkas
chorale / chorales
composition / compositions
concertino / concertinos
concerto / concertos
concerto grosso / concerti grossi
concertone / concertones
conductus / conducti
contrapuntal study / contrapuntal studies
contredanse / contredanses
courante / courantes
dance / dances
dithyramb / dithyrambs
divertimento / divertimenti
dumka / dumky
estampie / estampies
étude / études
exercise / exercises
fantasia / fantasias
forlane / forlanes
fugue / fugues
funeral march / funeral march
funeral music / funeral music
galliard / galliards
galop / galops
gavotte / gavottes
geisslerlied / geisslerlieder
gigue / gigues
guoyue / ? 国乐 / ?
harmoniemusik / ?
hymn / hymns
impromptu / impromptus
intermedio / ?
intermezzo / intermezzos
introduction / introductions Einleitung / Einleitungen
jingle / jingles
kapanirong / kapanirongs
keen / keens
kontakion / ?
lai / lais
laude / laudes
lied / lieder
loure / loures
madrigal / madrigals
madrigale spirituale / madrigali spirituali
march / marches
mass / masses
mazurka / mazurkas
minuet / minuets
minuette / minuettes
minuetto / minuettos
modulating prelude / modulating preludes
modulation / modulations
monody / monodies
motet / motets
musette / musettes
nocturne / nocturnes
notturno / notturnos
offertorium / ?
opera / operas
opera buffa / ?
opera comique / ?
opera seria / ?
operetta / operettas
oratorio / oratorios
organum / ?
ornamentation / ornamentations
overture / overtures
overture / overtures
paean / paeans
partita / partitas
passacaglia / passacaglias
passepied / passepieds
patter song / patter songs
pavane / pavanes
petit symphonie concertante / petit symphony concertante
pibroch / pibrochs
piece / pieces
polonaise / ?
prelude / preludes
psalm / psalms
quodlibet / quodlibets
recitative / recitatives
requiem / requiems
rondo / rondos
saltarello / saltarelli
scherzo / scherzos
scherzo / scherzos
serenade / serenades
shanty / shanties
siciliana / sicilianas
sinfonia / sinfonias
sinfonia concertante / sinfonia concertante
sinfonietta / sinfoniettas
singspiel / singspiele
sketch / sketches
sonata / sonatas
sonatina / sonatinas
song / songs
sticheron / stichera
study / studies
suite / suites
symphony / symphonies
tafelmusik / ?
tambourin / ?
tango / tangos
tarantella / tarantellas
tiento / tientos
toccata / toccatas
tourdion / tourdions
waltz / waltzes
'Add any that got missed...

For these next few, not only how would they translate, but how would they combine with any of the above (or would they stay as two separate words)?

"concerto variation", "sonata fragment", "masonic song", "freemason music", etc...

English French German Italian Spanish Norwegian Dutch Russian Chinese Japanese Add More!
freemason (adj)
fragment / fragments
masonic (adj)
movement / movements
variation / variations


English French German Italian Spanish Norwegian Dutch Russian Chinese Japanese Add More!