History:CSG Standard/Verdi, Giuseppe

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This is a CSG Standard page giving appropriate ReleaseTitle and TrackTitle strings for the works of composer Giuseppe Verdi, which conform to the Classical Style Guide. It also contains hints which can help you create Advanced Relationships for a Release and its Tracks in MusicBrainz.

Draft: this is an early draft of this page. There are probably errors here. Please feel free to make corrections here (be bold, please), or start a discussion on the Talk page.

References

If you want to refer to the score to get the details right, scores of Bellini works might be freely available at these web sites:

Operas

Opera ReleaseTitles should follow Classical Release Title Style. Below we give a template for the ReleaseTitle, but you need to fill in the FeaturingArtist part. Usually this is the name of the orchestra and chorus, "feat. conductor:" the conductor. Normally the singers aren't included in the FeaturingArtist, but for iconic singers in a Release it might make sense to.

Opera TrackTitles should follow OperaTrackStyle. Below we give TrackTitle strings for each scene or number of the opera. You need to check which scene(s) each Track of your Release includes; it may have different granularity than we do here.

The ReleaseArtist and TrackArtist should be set to the composer.

It's very helpful to apply Advanced Relationships to each track of opera Releases. We give reminders of which scenes involve which Artists. As a general rule, apply the Conductor, Composer, Librettist, and Orchestra Artists to every track in the Opera. Apply Singer, Chorus, and Chorus Director Artists to the tracks corresponding to the scenes where they appear, as marked by the abbreviations at the start of each row.

Aida

Libretto: Antonio Ghislanzoni. Premiere: December 24, 1871 Not yet filled in.

Alzira

Libretto: Salvadore Cammarano. Premiere: August 12, 1845 Not yet filled in.

Aroldo

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: August 16, 1857 Revision of Stiffelio with location moved to Anglo-Saxon England and characters' names changed. Not yet filled in.

Attila

Libretto: Temistocle Solera. Premiere: March 17, 1846 Not yet filled in.

Don Carlo

Libretto: Camille du Locle, Joseph Méry. Premiere: 1872. First revision of Don Carlos, translated into Italian by Achille de Lauzières, with additions by Antonio Ghislanzoni Not yet filled in.

Don Carlo

Libretto: Camille du Locle, Joseph Méry. Premiere: January 10, 1884. In French. Second revision of Don Carlos with Camille du Locle and Charles Nuitter. Omitted Act 1 and the ballet. Not yet filled in.

Don Carlo

Libretto: Camille du Locle, Joseph Méry. Premiere: December 29, 1886. Third revision of Don Carlos with Angelo Zanardini. Restored Act 1, Fontainebleau scene. Not yet filled in.

Don Carlos

Libretto: Camille du Locle, Joseph Méry. Premiere: March 11, 1867 Not yet filled in.

Ernani

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: March 9, 1844 Not yet filled in.

Falstaff

Libretto: Arrigo Boito. Premiere: February 9, 1893. Not yet filled in.

Giovanna d'Arco

Libretto: Temistocle Solera. Premiere: February 15, 1845 Not yet filled in.

I due Foscari

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: November 3, 1844 Not yet filled in.

I Lombardi alla prima crociata

Libretto: Temistocle Solera. Premiere: February 11, 1843 Not yet filled in.

I masnadieri

Libretto: Andrea Maffei. Premiere: July 22, 1847 Not yet filled in.

I vespri Siciliani, aka Giovanna de Guzman

Libretto: Eugenio Caimi. Premiere: December 26, 1855 The Italian version of Les vêpres siciliennes. The opera was given under various titles - e.g.: Giovanna de Guzman, Batilda di Turenne, until 1860. Eventually it became known by its Italian title, I vespri Siciliani. Not yet filled in.

Il corsaro

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: 25 October 1848 Not yet filled in.

Il trovatore

Libretto: Leone Emanuele Bardare, Salvatore Cammarano. Premiere: January 19, 1853 Not yet filled in.

Jérusalem

Libretto: Alphonse Royer, Gustave Vaëz. Premiere: November 26, 1847. This is a French version of I Lombardi alla prima crociata with locations and characters changed to French ones. Not yet filled in.

La battaglia di Legnano

Libretto: Salvadore Cammarano. Premiere: January 27, 1849 Not yet filled in.

La force du destin

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: March 14, 1881. Revised version of La forza del destino translated into French by Charles Nuitter and Camille du Locle. Not yet filled in.

La forza del destino

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: November 10, 1862 Not yet filled in.

La forza del destino

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: February 27, 1869. Revised version, with text addition by Antonio Ghislanzoni. Not yet filled in.

La traviata

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: March 6, 1853 Not yet filled in.

Le trouvère

Libretto: Leone Emanuele Bardare, Salvatore Cammarano. Premiere: 1857. Revised version in French of Il trovatore with a ballet added. Not yet filled in.

Les vêpres siciliennes

Libretto: Charles Duveyrier, Eugène Scribe. Premiere: June 13, 1855. In French. Not yet filled in.

Luisa Miller

Libretto: Salvatore Cammarano. Premiere: December 8, 1849 Not yet filled in.

Macbeth

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: April 21, 1865 Revised version, with additions including Lady Macbeth's aria La luce langue and removal of Macbeth's final aria followed by his death off stage. Not yet filled in.

Macbeth

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: March 14, 1847 Not yet filled in.

Nabucco

Libretto: Temistocle Solera. Premiere: March 9, 1842 Not yet filled in.

Oberto, conte di San Bonifacio

Libretto: Antonio Piazza. Premiere: November 17, 1839 Not yet filled in.

Otello

Libretto: Arrigo Boito. Premiere: February 5, 1887. Not yet filled in.

Rigoletto

ReleaseTitle: Rigoletto (FeaturingArtist) (disc k). e.g. Rigoletto (Wiener Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini) (disc 2).

ReleaseArtist: Giuseppe Verdi

AdvancedRelationships: For all tracks of the opera, link these Artists:

  • Giuseppe Verdi composed (track) (composition years: blank-1851/03(March)/11)
  • Francesco Maria Piave wrote the libretto for (track) (composition years: blank-1851/03(March)/11)
  • (fill in your symphony) performed orchestra (track) (performance dates: fill in first and last dates of recording sessions, if known)
  • (fill in your conductor) conducted (track) (performance dates: fill in first and last dates of recording sessions, if known)

Vocal parts: Here is a list of each vocal part, with abbreviations. Below that is a table giving track titles, and which vocal parts appear in each segment. For each track where an artist appears, link the Artist as follows:

  • (fill in your artist) sang vocal (fill in the voice type) on (track) (performance dates: fill in first and last dates of recording sessions, if known)
Abbrev. Character Voice type
D Duke of Mantua Tenor
R Rigoletto, court jester Baritone
Gd Gilda, his daughter Soprano
S Sparafucile, assassin Bass
Ma Maddalena, his sister Contralto
Go Giovanna, nurse of Gilda Mezzosoprano
Me Monterone, Count Baritone
Mo Marullo, courtier Baritone
B Borsa, courtier Tenor
Co Ceprano, Count Bass
Ct Countess, his wife Mezzosoprano
U Usciere, court herald Bass
P Page of the Duchess Tenor (Mezzosoprano)
Ch Chorus: knights, ladies, courtiers Chorus

TrackTitles: The first columns indicate which vocal performer appears in each scene, according to the musical score. Follow these first columns when assigning ARs to tracks. The rows here are fairly fine-grained.

Your Release may have one track which includes multiple rows of the table. Also, if your Release uses different wording for the music type (before the quotes) and within the quotes, you can use that instead. Some Release liners divide the acts into Scenes, but the vocal score does not. It divides each of the three Acts into three to six parts, e.g. "Scena ed Aria".

D R Gd S Ma Go Me Mo B Co Ct U P Ch Tracktitle
                  Rigoletto: Preludio
D B Rigoletto: Act I. Introduzione "Della mia bella incognita borghese" (Duke, Borsa)
D Rigoletto: Act I. Ballata "Questo o quella" (Duke)
D R B Ct Ch Rigoletto: Act I. Minuetto e Perigordino "Partie? Crudele!" (Duke, Contessa, Rigoletto, Borsa, Chorus)
D R Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act I. Coro "Gran nuova!" (Marullo, Borsa, Duke, Rigoletto, Ceprano, Chorus)
D R Me Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act I. Moderato "Chi'o gli parli." (Monterone, Duke, Rigoletto, Marullo, Borsa, Ceprano, Chorus)
D R Me Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act I. Sostenuto assai "Voi congiuraste contro noi" (Rigoletto, Monterone, Duke, Borsa, Marullo, Ceprano, Chorus)
R Rigoletto: Act I. Duetto "Quel vecchio maledivami!" (Rigoletto)
R S Rigoletto: Act I. Duetto "Signor?..." - "Va, non ho niente" (Sparafucile, Rigoletto)
R Rigoletto: Act I. Scena "Pari siamo!..." (Rigoletto)
R Gd Rigoletto: Act I. Duetto "Figlia!..." - "Mio padre!" (Rigoletto, Gilda)
R Rigoletto: Act I. "Deh, non parlare al misero" (Rigoletto)
R Gd Go Rigoletto: Act I. "Quanto dolor!..." (Gilda, Rigoleto, Giovanna)
D R Gd Go Rigoletto: Act I. "Veglia, o donna, questo fiore" (Rigoletto, Gilda, Duke, Giovanna)
Gd Go Rigoletto: Act I. Scena "Giovanna, ho dei rimorsi..." (Gilda, Giovanna)
D Gd Rigoletto: Act I. Duetto "T'amo! T'amo" (Duke, Gilda)
D Gd Rigoletto: Act I. Duetto "È il sol dell'anima" (Duke, Gilda)
D Gd Go B Co Rigoletto: Act I. "Che m'ami, deh, ripetimi" - "Addio... speranza ed anima" (Duke, Gilda, Ceprano, Borsa, Giovanna)
Gd Rigoletto: Act I. Scena ed Aria "Gualtier Maldè..." (Gilda)
Gd Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act I. "E là..." - "Miratela" (Gilda, Borsa, Ceprano, Marullo, Chorus)
R Mo B Co Rigoletto: Act I. Scena "Riedo!... perchè?" (Rigoletto, Borsa, Ceprano, Marullo)
Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act I. Coro "Zitti, zitti" (Chorus, Borsa, Marullo, Ceprano)
R Gd Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act I. Finale Primo "Soccorso, padre mio!" (Gilda, Rigoletto, Borsa, Marullo, Ceprano, Chorus)
D R Gd S Ma Go Me Mo B Co Ct U P Ch Tracktitle
D                    Rigoletto: Act II. Scena "Ella mi fu rapita!" (Duke)
D Rigoletto: Act II. Aria "Parmi veder le lagrime" (Duke)
D Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act II. "Duca, Duca?" / "Scorrendo uniti" (Marullo, Ceprano, Borsa, Duke, Chorus)
D Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act II. "Possente amor" (Duke) / "Oh qual peniero or l'agita" (Marullo, Ceprano, Borsa, Duke, Chorus)
R Mo B Co P Ch Rigoletto: Act II. Scena "Povero Rigoletto!" / "La ra, la ra" (Marullo, Rigoletto, Borsa, Ceprano, Chorus, Page)
R Rigoletto: Act II. Aria "Cortigiani, vil razza dannata" (Rigoletto)
R Rigoletto: Act II. Aria "Ebben, piango" (Rigoletto)
R Gd Mo B Co Ch Rigoletto: Act II. Scena "Mio padre!" "Dio! Mia Gilda!" (Gilda, Rigoletto, Borsa, Marullo, Ceprano, Chorus)
R Gd Rigoletto: Act II. Recit. "Parla... siam soli" - "Tutte le feste al tempio" (Rigoletto, Gilda)
R Gd Rigoletto: Act II. Duetto "Piangi, fanciulla" (Rigoletto, Gilda)
R Gd Me U Rigoletto: Act II. Recit. "Compiuto pur quanto" / "Schiudete..." (Rigoletto, Gilda, Usciere, Monterone)
R Gd Rigoletto: Act II. "Sì, vendetta" (Rigoletto, Gilda)
D R Gd S Rigoletto: Act III. Preludio "E l'ami?" "Sempre" (Rigoletto, Gilda, Duke, Sparafucile)
D Rigoletto: Act III. Canzone "La donna è mobile" (Duke)
R S Rigoletto: Act III. "È là il volstr'uomo" (Sparafucile, Rigoletto)
D R Gd Ma Rigoletto: Act III. Quartetto "Un dì, se ben rammentomi" (Duke, Maddalena, Rigoletto, Gilda)
D R Gd Ma Rigoletto: Act III. Quartetto "Bella figlia dell'amore" (Duke, Maddalena, Gilda, Rigoletto)
R Gd Rigoletto: Act III. Scena "M'odi, ritorna a casa..." (Rigoletto, Gilda)
R S Rigoletto: Act III. "Venti scudi hai tu detto?..." (Rigoletto, Sparafucile)
D S Ma Ch Rigoletto: Act III. "Maddalena..." "Aspettate... mio fratello viene..." (Duke, Maddalena, Sparafucile, Chorus)
Gd S Ma Ch Rigoletto: Act III. Terzetto "Ah, più non ragiono!..." (Gilda, Maddalena, Sparafucile, Chorus)
Gd S Ma Ch Rigoletto: Act III. "Ancor c'è mezzo'ora..." (Sparafucile, Gilda, Maddalena, Chorus)
D R S Rigoletto: Act III. Scena "Della vendetta alfin" (Rigoletto, Sparafucile, Duke)
R Gd Rigoletto: Act III. Duetto finale "Chi è mai" (Rigoletto, Gilda)
R Gd Rigoletto: Act III. "V'ho ingannato... colpevole fui..." (Gilda, Rigoletto)
R Gd Rigoletto: Act III. "Lassù... in cielo" (Gilda, Rigoletto)

Simon Boccanegra

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: March 12, 1857. Not yet filled in.

Simon Boccanegra

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: March 24, 1881. Revised and expanded version, with text changes by Arrigo Boito and the notable addition of the Act 1 Council Chamber finale. Not yet filled in.

Stiffelio

Libretto: Francesco Maria Piave. Premiere: November 16, 1850 Not yet filled in.

Un ballo in maschera

Libretto: Antonio Somma. Premiere: February 17, 1859. Final title of an opera which began as Gustavo III for Naples in 1857, became Un vendetta in domino in 1858, and finally Un ballo in maschera in an American setting with Colonial-era characters in 1859. Not yet filled in.

Un giorno di regno, ossia Il finto Stanislao

Libretto: Felice Romani. Premiere: September 5, 1840 Not yet filled in.

Songs

Not yet filled in.

Sacred works

Not yet filled in.

Other works

Not yet filled in.