Difference between revisions of "History:Classical Release Artist Style"

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<small>[[Style Guideline]] > [[Classical Style Guide]] > Classical Release Artist Style </small>
#REDIRECT [[Style/Classical/Release/Artist]]
== Style for determining Release Artists on *classical* Releases ==
[[Image:Alert.png]] '''This is work in progress and not official.'''
This page contains the latest (but not always official) evolutions of the Classical Release Artist Style. The currently official version of Classical Release Artist Style is located at http://musicbrainz.org/doc/Classical_Release_Artist_Style.''
[[Image:Attention.png]] '''This [[Style Guideline|style guideline]] applies to [[Classical Style Guide|classical music]] only. For popular music see the [[Release Artist Style|release artist style]].'''
The [[Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuide]] states that the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]] of a classical Release should always be either the composer or (in releases with multiple composers) [[Various Artists|VariousArtists]], '''never''' the performer.  However, we make the following exceptions:
* Mixed recitals by a performer or group
* Classical "Covers"
** No exception is made for Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers"
This is an [[Official Style Guideline|official style guideline]].
==Mixed recitals by a performer or group==
In cases where a release features a single performer or group and contains works from multiple composers, that performer or group may be designated the [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]], with each [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] assigned to the appropriate composer.
; Examples
: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/8e18c6f3-cdec-4f60-a2bc-e5105c9edbf9.html Favorite Encores (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz)]
: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/d2a0f1ed-87da-4838-9d4c-5c5bfcf99ef0.html Black Angels (Kronos Quartet)]
: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/f2a2a7a1-e8a9-4010-b238-d3d2382cec51.html Passion of Callas (disc 1)]
: However, on a release like [http://musicbrainz.org/album/0736d1a9-d49d-49c5-bd9b-9ccbe9fc296e.html 3 Masses of the 20th Century (Mikaeli Kammarkör, Anders Eby)] there is no clear choice for primary performer.  It must remain under [[Various Artists|various artists]].
'''Important notes:'''
# Do not create new Artists for performer collaborations (such as "Herbert von Karajan & The Berlin Philharmonic.")
# Also, do not use this style for conductors who are also composers (such as Leonard Bernstein or Pierre Boulez.)
# This recital style does not apply to releases with works by only one composer (such as [http://musicbrainz.org/release/a8e3a35f-6046-4b23-a98e-b6fd01244ebf.html Sole e Amore (Kiri Te Kanawa)]), however much they might emphasize the performer.
== Classical "Covers" ==
In releases where classical works are arranged, remixed, or otherwise substantially modified by the primary performer, that performer should be designated as [[Release Artist|ReleaseArtist]].  The composer(s) should be attributed only by [[Advanced Relationships|AdvancedRelationships]] of the [[Composer Relationship Type|ComposerRelationshipType]] either to the whole album (if there is only one composer), or the individual tracks (if there are several composers).
; Examples
: [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f264b968-4e65-4b6c-8cbb-340f13cc77c0.html Béla Fleck: Perpetual Motion]
: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/4bf341d5-f1f9-421a-ba45-d927965ca209.html Jacques Loussier: Play Bach No. 1]
: [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/d744cca0-6f43-4855-a3dd-83c512285493.html William Orbit: Pieces in a Modern Style]
== Classical Arrangements that are not "Covers" ==
In the above examples the artists consistently transform works into their own style.  However, Classical performers also occasionally arrange or "transcribe" a work so that they may perform it in a straightforward manner, possibly alongside other works that have not been arranged. An example would be
: J.S. Bach's [http://musicbrainz.org/release/638b0628-ec96-4654-9eb9-b79588d1c886.html Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass (Edgar Meyer)].  Here Bach is credited as the Artist and Edgar Meyer's transcriptions are indicated with an [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]].
Also, when one composer has arranged a work by another, one would use the same plan:
: [http://musicbrainz.org/release/7c01c281-4c46-4113-9d98-58d904637372.html Franz Schubert's German Dances, D. 820 as arranged by Anton Webern] should be entered with Schubert as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]], and connected to Webern via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://test.musicbrainz.org/release/911dbaa2-83c7-4925-ac82-4e4a88fc1a83.html Benjamin Britten's arrangement of the tune "Tom Bowling"] should be entered with [trad.] as the [[Track Artist|TrackArtist]] and connected to Britten via the [[Arranger Relationship Type|ArrangerRelationshipType]]. [http://musicbrainz.org/album/f0c80d6c-edb0-40d7-87c3-0cc6c9ffeed7.html Beethoven Symphonies 5, 6 in Piano Transcription by Franz Liszt (feat. piano: Glenn Gould)].
== References ==
* [http://lists.musicbrainz.org/pipermail/musicbrainz-style/2006-January/thread.html#1371 mailing list discussion]
* [[Talk:Classical Style Guide|ClassicalStyleGuideDiscussion]]
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Style]]

Revision as of 21:03, 21 March 2012