Difference between revisions of "Jazz/Labels"

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((Imported from MoinMoin))
(Interwikificating the stuff (thanks "184") (Imported from MoinMoin))
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==Introductory Note==
 
==Introductory Note==
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{| border="1"
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Jazz golden era is probably 45-70.  
 
Jazz golden era is probably 45-70.  
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* [http://www.jazzdisco.org/ The usual suspects] have not a lot of labels catalogs, but when they have one, oh my god! :p  
 
* [http://www.jazzdisco.org/ The usual suspects] have not a lot of labels catalogs, but when they have one, oh my god! :p  
 
* [http://www.bcpl.net/~j1m5path/isocodes.html Country codes]: you know what this is  
 
* [http://www.bcpl.net/~j1m5path/isocodes.html Country codes]: you know what this is  
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_record_labels Wikipedia labels list page]   
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* [[Wikipedia:wiki:Wikipedia:List_of_record_labels|Wikipedia labels list page]]   
  
 
==Labels List (hierarchical)==
 
==Labels List (hierarchical)==
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===Independent labels===
 
===Independent labels===
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* [[Jazz/Labels/Hat Hut|Hat Art]]
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* [[Jazz/Labels/VSOP|VSOP]]
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** [[Jazz/Labels/Mode|Mode Records]]
  
 
===Bootlegs labels===
 
===Bootlegs labels===
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===H===
 
===H===
  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Hat|Hat]]  
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* [[Jazz/Labels/Hat Hut|Hat Art]]  
  
 
===I===
 
===I===
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|  '''Label Name/Site'''  ||  '''Country'''  ||  '''Active Period'''  ||  '''Sold to'''  ||  '''Discographic ressources'''  ||  '''Subsidiaries'''  ||  '''Comment'''  
 
|  '''Label Name/Site'''  ||  '''Country'''  ||  '''Active Period'''  ||  '''Sold to'''  ||  '''Discographic ressources'''  ||  '''Subsidiaries'''  ||  '''Comment'''  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://www.capitolmusic.ca/home.asp Capitol] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitol_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1942-?  ||  EMI (1955)  ||    ||  ||  Made a career out of messing records  
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|  [http://www.capitolmusic.ca/home.asp Capitol] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Capitol_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1942-?  ||  EMI (1955)  ||    ||  ||  Made a career out of messing records  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://columbiarecords.com/ Columbia] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1888-?  ||  Sony (1988)  ||  [http://www.bsnpubs.com/columbia.html BothSides]  ||    ||   
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|  [http://columbiarecords.com/ Columbia] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Columbia_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1888-?  ||  Sony (1988)  ||  [http://www.bsnpubs.com/columbia.html BothSides]  ||    ||   
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Contemporary Contemporary] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contemporary_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1951-1984  ||  Fantasy (1984)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/contemp.htm JD.com]  ||  ||   
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|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Contemporary Contemporary] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Contemporary_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1951-1984  ||  Fantasy (1984)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/contemp.htm JD.com]  ||  ||   
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://www.emarcy.com/ EmArcy] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EmArcy_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1954-1962  ||  Verve Music Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/emarcy36.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/mercury/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Replaced by Limelight, then revived 80s  
+
|  [http://www.emarcy.com/ EmArcy] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:EmArcy_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1954-1962  ||  Verve Music Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/emarcy36.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/mercury/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Replaced by Limelight, then revived 80s  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://www.espdisk.com/ ESP] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ESP-Disk wp])  ||  USA  ||  1966-?  ||    ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/esp.htm JD.com] [http://www.totalshutdown.com/espdisk/esplinks.html Shut]  ||  ||  Dormant and/or "distributed" by dubious european thingies (Axaras, [[Get Back|GetBack]]!), the label came back to life in 2005  
+
|  [http://www.espdisk.com/ ESP] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:ESP-Disk wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1966-?  ||    ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/esp.htm JD.com] [http://www.totalshutdown.com/espdisk/esplinks.html Shut]  ||  ||  Dormant and/or "distributed" by dubious european thingies (Axaras, [[Get Back|GetBack]]!), the label came back to life in 2005  
 
|-
 
|-
|  Dial ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dial_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1946-  ||  ???  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/dial.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/dial/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Not to be confused with other Dial companies  
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|  Dial ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Dial_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1946-  ||  ???  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/dial.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/dial/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Not to be confused with other Dial companies  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://www.duttonvocalion.co.uk/ Vocalion Records] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vocalion_Records wp])  ||  USA/UK  ||  1916-1940  ||  Brunswick Records (1925)  ||  ||  ||  Revived in the 50s as a budget label, and in 1997 as a reissue label (material from Decca and EMI). [http://www.duttonlabs.demon.co.uk/ Alternate site]  
+
|  [http://www.duttonvocalion.co.uk/ Vocalion Records] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Vocalion_Records wp]])  ||  USA/UK  ||  1916-1940  ||  Brunswick Records (1925)  ||  ||  ||  Revived in the 50s as a budget label, and in 1997 as a reissue label (material from Decca and EMI). [http://www.duttonlabs.demon.co.uk/ Alternate site]  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.enjarecords.com/ Enja]  ||  DE  ||  1971  ||    ||  [http://www.uni-duisburg.de/AVMZ/frohne/discos/enja.htm Stuff] [http://jazzrecords.com/enja/catal.htm JD.com]  ||  ||   
 
|  [http://www.enjarecords.com/ Enja]  ||  DE  ||  1971  ||    ||  [http://www.uni-duisburg.de/AVMZ/frohne/discos/enja.htm Stuff] [http://jazzrecords.com/enja/catal.htm JD.com]  ||  ||   
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Fantasy Fantasy] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fantasy_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1949-  ||  Concord  ||  ||  Debut Records, Good Time, Prestige (1971), Riverside, Milestone (1972), Stax Records (1977), Contemporary (1984), Specialty Records (1991), Pablo (1987), Takoma Records, Kicking Mule Records (1995)  ||  Gobbled a good number of jazz label, which were cd reissued in the 80s90s under the collection/label name Original Jazz Classics (apparently on mondays during 85-95)  
+
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Fantasy Fantasy] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Fantasy_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1949-  ||  Concord  ||  ||  Debut Records, Good Time, Prestige (1971), Riverside, Milestone (1972), Stax Records (1977), Contemporary (1984), Specialty Records (1991), Pablo (1987), Takoma Records, Kicking Mule Records (1995)  ||  Gobbled a good number of jazz label, which were cd reissued in the 80s90s under the collection/label name Original Jazz Classics (apparently on mondays during 85-95)  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://www.starrgennett.org/ Gennet Records] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gennett_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1917-1934  ||  Decca Records (1935)  ||    ||  ||  Oldies from the 20s  
+
|  [http://www.starrgennett.org/ Gennet Records] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Gennett_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1917-1934  ||  Decca Records (1935)  ||    ||  ||  Oldies from the 20s  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://vervejazz.com/history.aspx?lid=2 Impulse!] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impulse_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1960-late 70s  ||  Verve Music Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/impulse.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Now a reissue label. Has been shortly revived for new stuff though.  
+
|  [http://vervejazz.com/history.aspx?lid=2 Impulse!] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Impulse_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1960-late 70s  ||  Verve Music Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/impulse.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Now a reissue label. Has been shortly revived for new stuff though.  
 
|-
 
|-
|  Liberty Records ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberty_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1955-?  ||  EMI (?)  ||    ||  Pacific Jazz (1957), Blue Note (1965)  ||  A complicated history also...  
+
|  Liberty Records ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Liberty_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1955-?  ||  EMI (?)  ||    ||  Pacific Jazz (1957), Blue Note (1965)  ||  A complicated history also...  
 
|-
 
|-
|  Limelight [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limelight_Records wp]  ||  USA  ||    ||  X  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/limelite.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Mercury subsidiary  
+
|  Limelight [[wiki|Wikipedia:Limelight_Records wp]]  ||  USA  ||    ||  X  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/limelite.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Mercury subsidiary  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/ Milestone] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milestone_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1966-1972  ||  Fantasy  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/milestone.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Reissued stuff from Gennett Records  
+
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/ Milestone] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Milestone_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1966-1972  ||  Fantasy  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/milestone.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Reissued stuff from Gennett Records  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://www.mercuryrecords.co.uk/ Mercury] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercury_Records wp])  ||  USA (UK now)  ||  1945-  ||  Verve Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdisco.org/mercury/ JD.org]  ||  Blue Rock Records, Cumberland Records, [[Em Arcy|EmArcy]] Records, Fontana Records, Limelight Records, Philips Records, Smash Records and Wing Records  ||   
+
|  [http://www.mercuryrecords.co.uk/ Mercury] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Mercury_Records wp]])  ||  USA (UK now)  ||  1945-  ||  Verve Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdisco.org/mercury/ JD.org]  ||  Blue Rock Records, Cumberland Records, [[Em Arcy|EmArcy]] Records, Fontana Records, Limelight Records, Philips Records, Smash Records and Wing Records  ||   
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Original+Jazz+Classics Original Jazz Classics] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Original_Jazz_Classics wp])  ||  USA  ||  1983-  ||  Is a sub/collection of Fantasy  ||    ||  Reissued on cd most stuff owned by OJC in the 80s-90s  
+
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Original+Jazz+Classics Original Jazz Classics] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Original_Jazz_Classics wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1983-  ||  Is a sub/collection of Fantasy  ||    ||  Reissued on cd most stuff owned by OJC in the 80s-90s  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Pablo Pablo] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pablo_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1973  ||  Fantasy (1987)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/pablo.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/pablo/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Fantasy continued to use the name to release stuff after 1987  
+
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Pablo Pablo] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Pablo_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1973  ||  Fantasy (1987)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/pablo.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/pablo/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Fantasy continued to use the name to release stuff after 1987  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Prestige Prestige] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prestige_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1949-1971  ||  Fantasy (1971)  ||  [http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/prestigeLabel.html Plosin] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/prestige/ JD.org]  ||  Used funny coll. names like Swingsville, Bluesville, Moodsville, and "New Jazz"  ||  The junkies label  
+
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Prestige Prestige] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Prestige_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1949-1971  ||  Fantasy (1971)  ||  [http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/prestigeLabel.html Plosin] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/prestige/ JD.org]  ||  Used funny coll. names like Swingsville, Bluesville, Moodsville, and "New Jazz"  ||  The junkies label  
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Riverside Riverside] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riverside_Records wp]  ||  USA  ||  1953-1963  ||  Fantasy (1972)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/rivrside.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/riverside/ JD.org]  ||  ||   
+
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Riverside Riverside] [[wiki|Wikipedia:Riverside_Records wp]]  ||  USA  ||  1953-1963  ||  Fantasy (1972)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/rivrside.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/riverside/ JD.org]  ||  ||   
 
|-
 
|-
|  [http://www.vervemusicgroup.com/ Verve] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verve_Records wp])  ||  USA  ||  1956  ||  MGM (1961) -> Polygram -> Universal (=Verve Music Group)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/verve2k.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/verve/ JD.org]  ||  Norgran Records, Clef Records, Mercury/[[Em Arcy|EmArcy]]  ||   
+
|  [http://www.vervemusicgroup.com/ Verve] ([[wiki|Wikipedia:Verve_Records wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1956  ||  MGM (1961) -> Polygram -> Universal (=Verve Music Group)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/verve2k.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/verve/ JD.org]  ||  Norgran Records, Clef Records, Mercury/[[Em Arcy|EmArcy]]  ||   
 
|-
 
|-
|  [Savoy USA] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savoy_Records wp]  ||  USA  ||  1942-?1980?  ||  Bop catalog sold to Arista Records (1974)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/savoy.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/savoy/ JD.org]  ||  ||   
+
|  [Savoy USA] [[wiki|Wikipedia:Savoy_Records wp]]  ||  USA  ||  1942-?1980?  ||  Bop catalog sold to Arista Records (1974)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/savoy.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/savoy/ JD.org]  ||  ||   
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]]
 
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]]

Revision as of 02:16, 27 August 2006

Jazz > Labels

The Jazz Labels Compendium

What is the purpose of this group of pages?

  • Assume the interim function to document jazz labels in MusicBrainz, as long as we don't have label entries in the system
  • Help editors (who do work on labels and catalogs # in releases annotations) to quickly find what they need
  • Be a field of experiment to help determine what exactly we expect from "real" labels entries in the system

As such, the following pieces of data are found in this page:

  • alphabetically sorted flat list of labels
  • hierarchical list of labels (reflecting the "who bought who" structure)

And each individual label page provides the following:

  • official web site, wikipedia page and/or discographic work site about it
  • label activity details (production type, name of the founding members, period of activity, subsidiaries)
  • current status (now belong to, top parent company, distributed by)
  • trivia
  • catalog, possibly linking to the releases in MusicBrainz

Ultimate Goal

Ultimately, label / catalog# should be database entries (this is apparently in the cooker). Labels should be entities (like artists) on which we could have both advanced relationships and annotations (that would allow most of what is documented here).

Disclaimer

Not only this is work in progress, but it's also experimental, is not the result of a discussion/consensus, and is the work of a unique editor (hence reflects his very personal opinions).

So data (may/will/could) change quickly, and the whole organization of it may be rehauled.

Introductory Note

320px-WMM-IFPIsvg

Jazz golden era is probably 45-70.

The 70s period resort mainly to Free Jazz, while the pre-40s period, although very interesting, somewhat lacks recorded material (most of what's available being reissued in anthologies by specialized labels).

There's of course a modern jazz, both by (quite old now) veterans, and by talented newcomers, but this is Yllona Richardson's territories - so she might talk about that better than me.

During a period (I would say until the 90s), labels buying other labels tend to reissue the bought catalogs under their own name (Fantasy reissues used the name Original Jazz Classics).

Recently though, now that all is left is "the 4 big ones" (Universal's Verve Music Group, the EMI Group, the Warner Music Group, Sony BMG), and the little one (Concord Music Group), such holdings tend to reissue stuff under the original label name, or even produce new stuff under that name, which of course are not to be confused with the "historical" labels/periods.

Editing notes

  • "Country" should be 2 letter iso codes.
  • "Production type" should be: original, reissue, bootleg (or combination of these, using slash as separators), or holding
  • Maybe "founded by" could point to /Jazz/People/NameOfTheBuddy (as we can't create them in the db...)?
  • Any mention of another label should link to the corresponding page, even if it doesn't exist yet
  • You should link catalog entries to the corresponding releases in MusicBrainz. If you do so, please backlink the label name in the release annotation to the wiki page.

Editing ressources

Labels List (hierarchical)

Groups

Magazines

Independent labels

Bootlegs labels

Labels List (flat)

0-9

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

L

M

N

O

P

R

S

T

V

W

DEPRECATED

For a time, I used to push all label data on one page, which has quickly proved unmanageable. Below are the remains of this attempt, waiting to be properly migrated in the new one-label/one-page architecture.

Quick Find Me

This section mention labels names, country of origin, historical period of activity, off-sites links, and mentions bootleg.

Major Labels

Label Name/Site Country Active Period Sold to Discographic ressources Subsidiaries Comment
Capitol (Wikipedia:Capitol_Records wp) USA 1942-? EMI (1955) Made a career out of messing records
Columbia (Wikipedia:Columbia_Records wp) USA 1888-? Sony (1988) BothSides
Contemporary (Wikipedia:Contemporary_Records wp) USA 1951-1984 Fantasy (1984) JD.com
EmArcy (Wikipedia:EmArcy_Records wp) USA 1954-1962 Verve Music Group JD.com JD.org Replaced by Limelight, then revived 80s
ESP (Wikipedia:ESP-Disk wp) USA 1966-? JD.com Shut Dormant and/or "distributed" by dubious european thingies (Axaras, GetBack!), the label came back to life in 2005
Dial (Wikipedia:Dial_Records wp) USA 1946- ??? JD.com JD.org Not to be confused with other Dial companies
Vocalion Records (Wikipedia:Vocalion_Records wp) USA/UK 1916-1940 Brunswick Records (1925) Revived in the 50s as a budget label, and in 1997 as a reissue label (material from Decca and EMI). Alternate site
Enja DE 1971 Stuff JD.com
Fantasy (Wikipedia:Fantasy_Records wp) USA 1949- Concord Debut Records, Good Time, Prestige (1971), Riverside, Milestone (1972), Stax Records (1977), Contemporary (1984), Specialty Records (1991), Pablo (1987), Takoma Records, Kicking Mule Records (1995) Gobbled a good number of jazz label, which were cd reissued in the 80s90s under the collection/label name Original Jazz Classics (apparently on mondays during 85-95)
Gennet Records (Wikipedia:Gennett_Records wp) USA 1917-1934 Decca Records (1935) Oldies from the 20s
Impulse! (Wikipedia:Impulse_Records wp) USA 1960-late 70s Verve Music Group JD.com Now a reissue label. Has been shortly revived for new stuff though.
Liberty Records (Wikipedia:Liberty_Records wp) USA 1955-? EMI (?) Pacific Jazz (1957), Blue Note (1965) A complicated history also...
Limelight Wikipedia:Limelight_Records wp USA X JD.com Mercury subsidiary
Milestone (Wikipedia:Milestone_Records wp) USA 1966-1972 Fantasy JD.com Reissued stuff from Gennett Records
Mercury (Wikipedia:Mercury_Records wp) USA (UK now) 1945- Verve Group JD.org Blue Rock Records, Cumberland Records, EmArcy Records, Fontana Records, Limelight Records, Philips Records, Smash Records and Wing Records
Original Jazz Classics (Wikipedia:Original_Jazz_Classics wp) USA 1983- Is a sub/collection of Fantasy Reissued on cd most stuff owned by OJC in the 80s-90s
Pablo (Wikipedia:Pablo_Records wp) USA 1973 Fantasy (1987) JD.com JD.org Fantasy continued to use the name to release stuff after 1987
Prestige (Wikipedia:Prestige_Records wp) USA 1949-1971 Fantasy (1971) Plosin JD.org Used funny coll. names like Swingsville, Bluesville, Moodsville, and "New Jazz" The junkies label
Riverside Wikipedia:Riverside_Records wp USA 1953-1963 Fantasy (1972) JD.com JD.org
Verve (Wikipedia:Verve_Records wp) USA 1956 MGM (1961) -> Polygram -> Universal (=Verve Music Group) JD.com JD.org Norgran Records, Clef Records, Mercury/EmArcy
[Savoy USA] Wikipedia:Savoy_Records wp USA 1942-?1980? Bop catalog sold to Arista Records (1974) JD.com JD.org