Difference between revisions of "Jazz/Labels"

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<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[[Image:Attention.png]] This set of pages is entirely deprecated, and all its content is progressively migrated into the database. [[Image:Attention.png]]   
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| ~+[[Jazz]] > '''The Jazz Labels Compendium''' +~
 
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| '''Quick links:'''<br/>{{Navigation|siblings| 1}}
 
|-
 
| '''Content:'''
 
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==News==
 
 
 
<ul><li style="list-style-type:none">[[Image:Attention.png]] Real labels entries in the system are coming very soon!!! Check [[Label]] andfor details!!! Hence the Jazz/Labels project is currently staled, and probably no more data will be added here (until data is actually removed from here and put into the database). [[Image:Attention.png]]   
 
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
==What is the purpose of this group of pages?==
 
 
* Assume the interim function to document jazz labels in [[MusicBrainz]], as long as we don't have label entries in the system
 
* Help editors (who do work on labels and catalogs # in releases annotations) to quickly find what they need
 
* Be a field of experiment to help determine what exactly we expect from "real" labels entries in the system 
 
 
As such, the following pieces of data are found in this page:
 
* alphabetically sorted flat list of labels
 
* hierarchical list of labels (reflecting the "who bought who" structure)
 
 
And each individual label page provides the following:
 
* official web site, [[Wikipedia|WikiPedia]] page and/or discographic work site about it
 
* label activity details (production type, name of the founding members, period of activity, subsidiaries)
 
* current status (now belong to, top parent company, distributed by)
 
* trivia
 
* catalog, possibly linking to the releases in [[MusicBrainz]]
 
 
==Ultimate Goal==
 
 
Ultimately, label / catalog# should be database entries (this is apparently in the cooker). Labels should be entities (like artists) on which we could have both advanced relationships and annotations (that would allow most of what is documented here).
 
 
==Disclaimer==
 
 
Not only this is work in progress, but it's also experimental, is not the result of a discussion/consensus, and is the work of a unique editor (hence reflects his very personal opinions).
 
 
So data (may/will/could) change quickly, and the whole organization of it may be rehauled.
 
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==Introductory Note==
 
 
Jazz golden era is probably 45-70.
 
 
The 70s period resort mainly to [[Jazz/Genres/Free Jazz|Free Jazz]], while the pre-40s period, although very interesting, somewhat lacks recorded material (most of what's available being reissued in anthologies by specialized labels).
 
 
There's of course a modern jazz, both by (quite old now) veterans, and by talented newcomers, but this is [[Yllona Richardson]]'s territories - so she might talk about that better than me.
 
 
During a period (I would say until the 90s), labels buying other labels tend to reissue the bought catalogs under their own name ([[Jazz/Labels/Fantasy|Fantasy]] reissues used the name [[Jazz/Labels/Original Jazz Classics|Original Jazz Classics]]).
 
 
Recently though, now that all is left is "the 4 big ones" (Universal's [[Jazz/Labels/Verve Music Group|Verve Music Group]], the [[Jazz/Labels/EMI Group|EMI Group]], the [[Jazz/Labels/Warner Music Group|Warner Music Group]], [[Jazz/Labels/Sony BMG|Sony BMG]]), and the little one ([[Jazz/Labels/Concord Music Group|Concord Music Group]]), such holdings tend to reissue stuff under the original label name, or even produce new stuff under that name, which of course are not to be confused with the "historical" labels/periods.
 
 
==Editing notes==
 
 
* "Country" should be 2 letter iso codes.
 
* "Production type" should be: original, reissue, bootleg (or combination of these, using slash as separators), or holding
 
* Maybe "founded by" could point to [[Jazz/Labels/Jazz/People/Name Of The Buddy|/Jazz/People/NameOfTheBuddy]] (as we can't create them in the db...)?
 
* Any mention of another label should link to the corresponding page, even if it doesn't exist yet
 
* You should link catalog entries to the corresponding releases in [[MusicBrainz]]. If you do so, please backlink the label name in the release annotation to the wiki page.
 
 
==Editing ressources==
 
 
* [http://www.trombone-usa.com/jazz-labels.htm Scott Yanow label page]: usefull for a quick heads-up about jazz labels
 
* May help to find labels homesites: [http://www.rlabels.com/ http://www.rlabels.com/] and [http://www.allrecordlabels.com/ http://www.allrecordlabels.com/]
 
* [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels Michael Fitzgerald label page]: has a *lot* of catalogs (although not really detailed), and is very usefull to flesh out a new label catalog (although not enough)
 
* [http://www.jazzdisco.org/ The usual suspects] have not a lot of labels catalogs, but when they have one, oh my god! :p
 
* [http://www.bcpl.net/~j1m5path/isocodes.html Country codes]: you know what this is
 
* [[WikiPedia:List_of_record_labels|Wikipedia labels list page]] 
 
 
==Labels List (hierarchical)==
 
 
===Groups===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Warner Music Group|Warner Music Group]]
 
** [[Jazz/Labels/Atlantic|Atlantic Records]]
 
*** [[Jazz/Labels/Atco|Atco Records]] (non jazz)
 
*** [[Jazz/Labels/Spark|Spark Records]] (non jazz)
 
*** [[Jazz/Labels/Lava|Lava Records]] (non jazz)
 
*** [[Jazz/Labels/143|143 Records]] (non jazz)
 
 
** [[Jazz/Labels/Rhino|Rhino Records]]
 
*** [[Jazz/Labels/Roulette|Roulette Records]] (only the non jazz catalog, for US distribution)
 
 
** [[Jazz/Labels/Warner Jazz|Warner Jazz]]
 
 
===Magazines===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/JAZZIZ|JAZZIZ]]
 
 
===Independent labels===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Fresh Sound|Fresh Sound]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Hat Hut|Hat Art]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/VSOP|VSOP]]
 
** [[Jazz/Labels/Mode|Mode Records]]
 
 
===Bootlegs labels===
 
 
==Labels List (flat)==
 
 
===0-9===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/32 Jazz|32 Jazz]]
 
  
 
===A===
 
===A===
Line 114: Line 8:
 
===B===
 
===B===
  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Bethlehem|Bethlehem]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Black Lion|Black Lion]]
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Blue Note|Blue Note]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Blue Note|Blue Note]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Brunswick|Brunswick Records]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Brunswick|Brunswick Records]]  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Bird Notes|Bird Notes]]
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Bluesville|Bluesville]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Bluesville|Bluesville]]  
* [[Jazz/Labels/BYG Actuel|BYGActuel]]
 
 
===C===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Collectables|Collectables]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Capitol|Capitol]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Charly|Charly]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Columbia|Columbia]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Concord|Concord Jazz/Concord Records]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Concord Music Group|Concord Music Group]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Contemporary|Contemporary]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Cool N Blue|Cool 'N Blue]]
 
 
===D===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Decca|Decca Records]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Discovery|Discovery]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/DIW|DIW]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Debut|Debut]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Dial|Dial]]
 
  
 
===E===
 
===E===
  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Elektra Musician|Elektra/Musician]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Elektra Musician|Elektra/Musician]]  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Evidence|Evidence]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Em Arcy|EmArcy]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/ESP|ESP]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Enja|Enja]]
 
 
===F===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Fantasy|Fantasy]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Freedom|Freedom]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Fresh Sound|Fresh Sound]]
 
 
===G===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Gazell|Gazell]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Gennett|Gennett Records]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Get Back|GetBack!]]
 
 
===H===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Hat Hut|Hat Art]]
 
 
===I===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Impulse|Impulse!]]
 
  
 
===J===
 
===J===
  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/JAZZIZ|JAZZIZ]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/JAZZIZ|JAZZIZ]]  
 
===L===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Landscape|Landscape]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Liberty|Liberty Records]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Limelight|Limelight]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Lonehill Jazz|Lonehill Jazz]]
 
  
 
===M===
 
===M===
  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Metrojazz|Metrojazz]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Mighty Quinn|Mighty Quinn]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Mode|Mode Records]]
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Moodsville|Moodsville]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Moodsville|Moodsville]]  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Mandarim|Mandarim]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Mercury|Mercury]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Milestone|Milestone]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Mobile Fidelity|Mobile Fidelity]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Mosaic|Mosaic Records]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Muse|Muse]]
 
  
 
===N===
 
===N===
  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/New Jazz|New Jazz]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/New Jazz|New Jazz]]  
 
===O===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Original Jazz Classics|Original Jazz Classics]]
 
  
 
===P===
 
===P===
Line 205: Line 32:
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Pacific Jazz|Pacific Jazz (World Pacific Records grouped for now)]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Pacific Jazz|Pacific Jazz (World Pacific Records grouped for now)]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Prestige|Prestige]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Prestige|Prestige]]  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Pablo|Pablo]]
 
  
 
===R===
 
===R===
  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Regent|Regent Records]]
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Rhino|Rhino Records]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Rhino|Rhino Records]]  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Riverside|Riverside]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Revenant|Revenant]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Roulette|Roulette Records]]
 
  
 
===S===
 
===S===
  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Sonet|Sonet]]
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Stateside|Stateside]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Stateside|Stateside]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Storyville|Storyville]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Storyville|Storyville]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Swingville|Swingville]]  
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Swingville|Swingville]]  
* [[Jazz/Labels/Savoy|Savoy Records]]
 
 
===T===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Transition|Transition]]
 
 
===V===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/VSOP|VSOP]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Verve|Verve]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Verve Music Group|Verve Music Group]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Vocalion|Vocalion Records]]
 
 
===W===
 
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Warner Jazz|Warner Jazz]]
 
* [[Jazz/Labels/Warner Music Group|Warner Music Group]]
 
 
==DEPRECATED==
 
 
For a time, I used to push all label data on one page, which has quickly proved unmanageable. Below are the remains of this attempt, waiting to be properly migrated in the new one-label/one-page architecture.
 
 
===Major Labels===
 
 
{| border="1"
 
|-
 
|  '''Label Name/Site'''  ||  '''Country'''  ||  '''Active Period'''  ||  '''Sold to'''  ||  '''Discographic ressources'''  ||  '''Subsidiaries'''  ||  '''Comment'''
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.capitolmusic.ca/home.asp Capitol] ([[WikiPedia:Capitol_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1942-?  ||  EMI (1955)  ||    ||  ||  Made a career out of messing records
 
|-
 
|  [http://columbiarecords.com/ Columbia] ([[WikiPedia:Columbia_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1888-?  ||  Sony (1988)  ||  [http://www.bsnpubs.com/columbia.html BothSides]  ||    || 
 
|-
 
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Contemporary Contemporary] ([[WikiPedia:Contemporary_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1951-1984  ||  Fantasy (1984)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/contemp.htm JD.com]  ||  || 
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.emarcy.com/ EmArcy] ([[WikiPedia:EmArcy_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1954-1962  ||  Verve Music Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/emarcy36.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/mercury/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Replaced by Limelight, then revived 80s
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.espdisk.com/ ESP] ([[WikiPedia:ESP-Disk|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1966-?  ||    ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/esp.htm JD.com] [http://www.totalshutdown.com/espdisk/esplinks.html Shut]  ||  ||  Dormant and/or "distributed" by dubious european thingies (Axaras, [[Get Back|GetBack]]!), the label came back to life in 2005
 
|-
 
|  Dial ([[WikiPedia:Dial_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1946-  ||  ???  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/dial.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/dial/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Not to be confused with other Dial companies
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.duttonvocalion.co.uk/ Vocalion Records] ([[WikiPedia:Vocalion_Records|wp]])  ||  USA/UK  ||  1916-1940  ||  Brunswick Records (1925)  ||  ||  ||  Revived in the 50s as a budget label, and in 1997 as a reissue label (material from Decca and EMI). [http://www.duttonlabs.demon.co.uk/ Alternate site]
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.enjarecords.com/ Enja]  ||  DE  ||  1971  ||    ||  [http://www.uni-duisburg.de/AVMZ/frohne/discos/enja.htm Stuff] [http://jazzrecords.com/enja/catal.htm JD.com]  ||  || 
 
|-
 
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Fantasy Fantasy] ([[WikiPedia:Fantasy_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1949-  ||  Concord  ||  ||  Debut Records, Good Time, Prestige (1971), Riverside, Milestone (1972), Stax Records (1977), Contemporary (1984), Specialty Records (1991), Pablo (1987), Takoma Records, Kicking Mule Records (1995)  ||  Gobbled a good number of jazz label, which were cd reissued in the 80s90s under the collection/label name Original Jazz Classics (apparently on mondays during 85-95)
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.starrgennett.org/ Gennet Records] ([[WikiPedia:Gennett_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1917-1934  ||  Decca Records (1935)  ||    ||  ||  Oldies from the 20s
 
|-
 
|  [http://vervejazz.com/history.aspx?lid=2 Impulse!] ([[WikiPedia:Impulse_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1960-late 70s  ||  Verve Music Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/impulse.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Now a reissue label. Has been shortly revived for new stuff though.
 
|-
 
|  Liberty Records ([[WikiPedia:Liberty_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1955-?  ||  EMI (?)  ||    ||  Pacific Jazz (1957), Blue Note (1965)  ||  A complicated history also...
 
|-
 
|  Limelight [[WikiPedia:Limelight_Records|wp]]  ||  USA  ||    ||  X  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/limelite.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Mercury subsidiary
 
|-
 
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/ Milestone] ([[WikiPedia:Milestone_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1966-1972  ||  Fantasy  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/milestone.htm JD.com]  ||  ||  Reissued stuff from Gennett Records
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.mercuryrecords.co.uk/ Mercury] ([[WikiPedia:Mercury_Records|wp]])  ||  USA (UK now)  ||  1945-  ||  Verve Group  ||  [http://www.jazzdisco.org/mercury/ JD.org]  ||  Blue Rock Records, Cumberland Records, [[Em Arcy|EmArcy]] Records, Fontana Records, Limelight Records, Philips Records, Smash Records and Wing Records  || 
 
|-
 
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Original+Jazz+Classics Original Jazz Classics] ([[WikiPedia:Original_Jazz_Classics|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1983-  ||  Is a sub/collection of Fantasy  ||    ||  Reissued on cd most stuff owned by OJC in the 80s-90s
 
|-
 
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Pablo Pablo] ([[WikiPedia:Pablo_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1973  ||  Fantasy (1987)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/pablo.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/pablo/ JD.org]  ||  ||  Fantasy continued to use the name to release stuff after 1987
 
|-
 
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Prestige Prestige] ([[WikiPedia:Prestige_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1949-1971  ||  Fantasy (1971)  ||  [http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/prestigeLabel.html Plosin] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/prestige/ JD.org]  ||  Used funny coll. names like Swingsville, Bluesville, Moodsville, and "New Jazz"  ||  The junkies label
 
|-
 
|  [http://concordmusicgroup.com/labels/?label=Riverside Riverside] [[WikiPedia:Riverside_Records|wp]]  ||  USA  ||  1953-1963  ||  Fantasy (1972)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/rivrside.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/riverside/ JD.org]  ||  || 
 
|-
 
|  [http://www.vervemusicgroup.com/ Verve] ([[WikiPedia:Verve_Records|wp]])  ||  USA  ||  1956  ||  MGM (1961) -> Polygram -> Universal (=Verve Music Group)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/verve2k.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/verve/ JD.org]  ||  Norgran Records, Clef Records, Mercury/[[Em Arcy|EmArcy]]  || 
 
|-
 
|  [Savoy USA] [[WikiPedia:Savoy_Records|wp]]  ||  USA  ||  1942-?1980?  ||  Bop catalog sold to Arista Records (1974)  ||  [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Labels/savoy.htm JD.com] [http://www.jazzdisco.org/savoy/ JD.org]  ||  || 
 
|}
 
  
[[Category:To Be Reviewed]] [[Category:Label]] [[Category:Metadata]]
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[[Category:To Be Reviewed]]

Latest revision as of 08:41, 15 March 2009

  • Attention.png This set of pages is entirely deprecated, and all its content is progressively migrated into the database. Attention.png

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