Difference between revisions of "Style/Specific types of releases/Theatre"

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{{Official style}}
 
{{Official style}}
  
A “theatre” release is a recording of a work for the [[WikiPedia:Theatre|theatre]] involving music, songs, and/or spoken dialogue, occasionally also including dance.  Typically these works are of a [[WikiPedia:Musical_theatre|musical]] nature, but they may also be dramatic or comedic.
+
A “theatre” release is a recording of a work for the [[wikipedia:theatre|theatre]] involving music, songs, and/or spoken dialogue, occasionally also including dance.  Typically these works are of a [[WikiPedia:Musical_theatre|musical]] nature, but they may also be dramatic or comedic.
  
 
== Applicability ==
 
== Applicability ==
  
This guideline specifically applies only to ''non-''opera theatre releases.  [[Style/Specific types of releases/Opera|Opera]] is covered by a different style guideline.  Depending on the release, it may be more appropriate to instead apply [[Classical Style Guide|classical style]].  Theatre Style also applies to soundtracks for television or film versions of musical theater shows.
+
This guideline specifically applies only to non-opera theatre releases.  Depending on the release, it may be more appropriate to instead apply [[Style/Classical|classical style]] (as used for opera) or [[Style/Specific types of releases/Audiobook|audiobook style]].  Theatre Style also applies to soundtracks for television or film versions of musical theater shows.
  
 
== Guidelines ==
 
== Guidelines ==
  
1. The [[Release Type|release type]] should be '''Soundtrack''', ''even'' for live cast recordings.
+
===Release Type===
 +
The [[Release Type|release type]] should be “Soundtrack”, even for live cast recordings. “Compilation” should only be used for a true compilation.  The presence of multiple complete or nearly-complete shows on the same release does not make the release type compilation.
  
2. In most cases, the release group, release, recording and track [[artist credit]] should be to the work’s composer(s), '''not''' the performer(s), lyricist(s), or librettist(s). Performer(s), lyricist(s), and/or librettist(s) should be indicated using [[Advanced Relationships|advanced relationships]]. Exceptions:
+
===Artist Credits===
:* The following commonly credited composer/lyricist collaborations should be expressed as joint artist credits to the composer and lyricist:
 
::* Richard Rodgers & Oscar Hammerstein II as: [[Artist:346448f5-25a0-4f78-bbd6-acc0205f7513|Rodgers]] & [[Artist:a383f062-e527-4a57-98b0-9205b2f8f171|Hammerstein]]
 
::* William Gilbert & Arthur Sullivan as: [[Artist:949a471b-49a3-4d72-8054-37f3174b0a6a|Gilbert]] & [[Artist:4b466f5e-4620-4084-8841-3fe4ea38e689|Sullivan]]
 
::* John Kander & Fred Ebb as: [[Artist:3916e074-5c71-493a-8815-a78fc7d26ec2|Kander]] & [[Artist:f0c93766-cab0-4968-8052-78657273f72b|Ebb]]
 
::* Alan Jay Lerner & Frederick Loewe as: [[Artist:56b7ad8e-3c4f-4f14-914d-f2852d147c2e|Lerner]] user& [[Artist:673d3a45-5f49-4b5e-9910-4869a613d37f|Loewe]]
 
::* Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart as: [[Artist:346448f5-25a0-4f78-bbd6-acc0205f7513|Rodgers]] & [[Artist:28a1a2c8-f86c-4497-891e-6d241686cd5d|Hart]]
 
:* For non-musical theatre releases, artist credit should be to the author of the work.
 
:* The [[Special Purpose Artist]] of [[Artist:a0ef7e1d-44ff-4039-9435-7d5fefdeecc9|musical theater]] should be used for those cases where the composer is unknown.
 
:Any further exceptions should be approved by the [[Style Council|style council]].
 
  
3. The [[Release Title|release and release group titles]] should '''exclude''' [[Extra Title Information Style|extra title information]] information such as “Original Soundtrack”, “Music from,” etc., except that:
+
The [[recording]] [[Artist Credit|artist credit]] should be to the performer. If the performer is unknown, use the [[Special Purpose Artist]] [[Artist:125ec42a-7229-4250-afc5-e057484327fe|[unknown]]]. In some cases, the performer may not be suitable for a separate [[artist]] (e.g. “Full cast”, “Ensemble”, “Nun's Chorus”). In such cases, link the [[Special Purpose Artist]] [[Artist:a0ef7e1d-44ff-4039-9435-7d5fefdeecc9|[theatre]]], credited as it appears on the release.
  
: 3a. The performance cast, '''with year''', should be used (with two exceptions; see #5 below) in the [[Release Title|release title]] and release group title.
+
[[Track]] Artist Credits should be as listed on the release. In most cases this will be the writers. Again, in some cases, the credited artist may not be suitable for a separate [[artist]] (e.g. “Full cast”, “Ensemble”, “Nun's Chorus”). In such cases, use the Special Purpose Artist [[Artist:a0ef7e1d-44ff-4039-9435-7d5fefdeecc9|[theatre]]], credited as it appears on the release. If there are no credited per-track artists, use the release artist, or the track’s composer if there is no clear release artist.
:: Examples:
 
:::* [[Release:5cdde27c-1b6e-4883-998c-6b4d743b9321|Carousel (1956 film cast)]]
 
:::* [[ReleaseGroup:d2d03449-7c0e-36df-abd9-ae5feeacc3d6.html|State Fair (1945 & 1962 film casts)]] (two different recordings, by two different casts, on the same release)
 
: 3b. "Broadway revival cast" is correct, not “new Broadway cast”, as the 2004 Broadway cast is only the “new” cast until the next “newer” cast at some point in the future performs that same show in the same location.  “Revival” should ''only'' be used within the cast information if “revival” or “new” appears on the liner; it should not be otherwise assumed.
 
  
4. For compilations of songs from different shows not compiled as part of a theatrical revue, or where the songs are performed by different '''casts''' of artists, do not include the cast information in the release and release group titles (unless it already is part of the title of the release).  For these excluded compilation releases, if the release is not an '''Album''' [[Release Type|release type]], the cast information should be appended to each track's title.  This should '''only''' be done for these compilations.
+
In most cases, the [[release group]] and [[release]] artist credit should be to the writers, rather than performers, which should be indicated using [[Relationships|relationships]]. Casts should be indicated using [[#Disambiguation|disambiguation]] comments.
:: Cast information ''should'' be appended to each track title:
 
:::* [[ReleaseGroup:33acc83e-013d-3c69-8335-dd1a3ec01c08.html|Over the Rainbow]] (A ''revue'' by ''different'' casts.)
 
:: Cast ''should '''not''''' be appended to each track title:
 
:::* [[ReleaseGroup:d3b4bd75-b870-3e84-9800-8c19a58ff664.html|The Magic of Broadway]] (''Album'' by release artist 101 Strings Orchestra.)
 
:::* [[Release:845c24e0-34a9-4bf3-aaa3-c7669777ead7.html|Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast)]] (Not a ''compilation''.)
 
:::* [[ReleaseGroup:e19ae645-7d9b-31ac-8be2-8745a7a11b17.html|The Very Best of Andrew Lloyd Webber]] (Compilation, but of soloist performers, not entire casts.  Use performance ARs to hold the soloists.)
 
:: Note: The intent of this guideline is to avoid the creation of “Cast of (some show)” artists whenever possible.  If it makes more sense to handle a special case differently, such as [[Artist:29542149-a818-4167-aa91-439adc9d61f5|Glee Cast]], then common sense should overrule this guideline. Such exceptions where a “cast of” artist would be created should be approved by the [[Style Council|style council]].
 
  
5. Within the cast information, '''only''' ''proper'' nouns (e.g. “London”, “Broadway”, “Senator Theatre”) should be capitalized. All other words (e.g. “cast”, “original”, “demo”, “revival”) should be lower-cased.
+
For most theatre releases which are non-musical, artist credit should be to the writer/author of the work. The Special Purpose Artist [unknown] should be used for those cases where the writer is unknown.
:: Incorrect: Allegro (1947 Original Broadway Cast)
 
:: Correct:    [[Release:845c24e0-34a9-4bf3-aaa3-c7669777ead7.html|Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast)]]
 
  
6. For the release type, and for interpreting guideline #4, “compilation” should only be used for a ''true'' compilation.  The presence of multiple complete or nearly-complete shows (whether different shows, or the same, as in the State Fair example in guideline #3) on the same release does '''not''' make the release type ''compilation''.
+
Make sure to add the appropriate relationships for all writers as well.
  
7. For a live cast recording, two minor differences from normal [[Style/Specific types of releases/Live bootlegs|Live bootlegs]] apply:
+
====Standardised collaborations====
:a. Exclude the colon after the date.
+
The following commonly credited composer/lyricist collaborations should be expressed as joint artist credits to the composer and lyricist:
:b. If the city is easily identifiable (e.g. Toronto, London, Paris, New York, etc.), other location information may be excluded.
+
* Richard Rodgers & Oscar Hammerstein II as: [[Artist:346448f5-25a0-4f78-bbd6-acc0205f7513|Rodgers]] & [[Artist:a383f062-e527-4a57-98b0-9205b2f8f171|Hammerstein]]
 +
* William Gilbert & Arthur Sullivan as: [[Artist:949a471b-49a3-4d72-8054-37f3174b0a6a|Gilbert]] & [[Artist:4b466f5e-4620-4084-8841-3fe4ea38e689|Sullivan]]
 +
* John Kander & Fred Ebb as: [[Artist:3916e074-5c71-493a-8815-a78fc7d26ec2|Kander]] & [[Artist:f0c93766-cab0-4968-8052-78657273f72b|Ebb]]
 +
* Alan Jay Lerner & Frederick Loewe as: [[Artist:56b7ad8e-3c4f-4f14-914d-f2852d147c2e|Lerner]] & [[Artist:673d3a45-5f49-4b5e-9910-4869a613d37f|Loewe]]
 +
* Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart as: [[Artist:346448f5-25a0-4f78-bbd6-acc0205f7513|Rodgers]] & [[Artist:28a1a2c8-f86c-4497-891e-6d241686cd5d|Hart]]
 +
 
 +
===Disambiguation===
 +
The performance cast, including year, may be placed in the [[Disambiguation_Comment|disambiguation comment]]. It should not be included in the title unless it is actually part of the release title.
 +
Examples:
 +
* [[ReleaseGroup:e719f596-b7b2-3706-9e12-37bc0c9a1eb0|Carousel]] (''1956 film cast'')
 +
* [[ReleaseGroup:d2d03449-7c0e-36df-abd9-ae5feeacc3d6|State Fair]] (''1945 & 1962 film casts'') (two different recordings, by two different casts, on the same release)
 +
 
 +
“Broadway revival cast” is correct, not “new Broadway cast”, as the 2004 Broadway cast is only the “new” cast until the next “newer” cast at some point in the future performs that same show in the same location. “Revival” should ''only'' be used within the cast information if “revival” or “new” appears on the liner; it should not be otherwise assumed.
 +
 
 +
Within the cast information, only proper nouns (e.g. “London”, “Broadway”, “Senator Theatre”) should be capitalized. All other words (e.g. “cast”, “original”, “demo”, “revival”) should be lower-cased.
 +
 
 +
'''Correct''': [[ReleaseGroup:d6480eb0-98e2-3e9e-91fb-f9454fc1f7bc|Allegro]] (''1947 original Broadway cast'')
 +
 
 +
'''Incorrect''': Allegro (''1947 Original Broadway Cast'')
 +
 
 +
===Compilation===
 +
For compilations of songs from different shows not compiled as part of a theatrical revue, or where the songs are performed by different casts, do not include the cast information in the release and release group titles (unless it actually is part of the title of the release).  Instead, the cast information should be placed in the recording disambiguation comments where necessary.
 +
 
 +
Cast information should be placed in each recording’s disambiguation comment:
 +
* [[ReleaseGroup:33acc83e-013d-3c69-8335-dd1a3ec01c08|Over the Rainbow]] (A revue by different casts.)
 +
* [[ReleaseGroup:e19ae645-7d9b-31ac-8be2-8745a7a11b17|The Very Best of Andrew Lloyd Webber]] (Compilation, but of soloist performers, not entire casts.  Use performance ARs. Optionally, list the soloists in the disambiguation comment.)
 +
Cast information should not be placed in each recording’s disambiguation comment:
 +
* [[ReleaseGroup:d3b4bd75-b870-3e84-9800-8c19a58ff664|The Magic of Broadway]] (Album by release artist 101 Strings Orchestra, no cast information relevant)
 +
* [[ReleaseGroup:d6480eb0-98e2-3e9e-91fb-f9454fc1f7bc|Allegro]] (''1947 original Broadway cast'') (Not a compilation. Cast information goes in the release’s disambiguation comment)
 +
 
 +
Note: The intent of this guideline is to avoid the creation of “Cast of (some show)” artists whenever possible.  If it makes more sense to handle a special case differently, such as [[Artist:29542149-a818-4167-aa91-439adc9d61f5|Glee Cast]], then common sense should overrule this guideline.
  
 
== Examples ==
 
== Examples ==
: '''Theatre Style applies''':
+
Note: italics denotes disambiguation comment.
:* [[ReleaseGroup:00522915-b664-315f-baaf-be865c9d3a40.html|Oklahoma! (1998 London cast)]]
+
 
:* [[ReleaseGroup:932b6296-9697-32f9-9a7e-bd41a40787de.html|The Rocky Horror Show (1973 original London cast)]]
+
Theatre Style applies:
:: Studio recording of a musical theatre work
+
:Studio recording of a musical theatre work:
:* [[ReleaseGroup:15a2ef94-f8c5-31e9-b9d1-9ff32fa8833f.html|Godspell (1973 film cast)]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:932b6296-9697-32f9-9a7e-bd41a40787de|The Rocky Horror Show]] (''1973 original London cast'')
:* [[ReleaseGroup:e7349e26-3fd0-3c42-94cd-f69077e2460c.html|My Fair Lady (1964 film cast)]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:00522915-b664-315f-baaf-be865c9d3a40|Oklahoma!]] (''1998 London cast'')
:* [[ReleaseGroup:3bcbb670-3d84-31a1-9838-42633504b075.html|The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975 film cast)]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:2d1da92a-0667-3237-99df-5705d48ca3e0|Pacific Overtures]] (''2004 Broadway revival cast'')
:: Soundtracks to films based upon musical theatre shows. Theatre Style overrides the generic Soundtrack Style.
+
:Soundtracks to films based upon musical theatre shows:
:* [[ReleaseGroup:9eb0cfee-6a72-3a88-8eb4-c7b26e0aeba9.html|Chess (1984 demo cast)]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:15a2ef94-f8c5-31e9-b9d1-9ff32fa8833f|Godspell]] (''1973 film cast'')
:: Demo cast recording for a musical theatre work.
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:e7349e26-3fd0-3c42-94cd-f69077e2460c|My Fair Lady]] (''1964 film cast'')
:* [[ReleaseGroup:edf00448-7f33-30ab-8065-0b145f74e5e2|Star Wars: The Original Radio Drama]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:3bcbb670-3d84-31a1-9838-42633504b075|The Rocky Horror Picture Show]] (''1975 film cast'')
:: Non-musical theatrical drama (for radio). Uses the writer as the artist.
+
:Demo cast recording for a musical theatre work:
:* [[ReleaseGroup:789368ce-77b9-311b-8a30-cb852d14a414.html|The Little Mermaid (2007-07-26 Denver cast)]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:9eb0cfee-6a72-3a88-8eb4-c7b26e0aeba9|Chess]] (''1984 demo cast'')
:: Live bootleg of a theatre cast with a known performance date.
+
: Non-musical theatre release, using the writer as the artist:
:* [[ReleaseGroup:fc880131-a062-36ef-98ba-27d6c94a9100.html|A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (2005-xx-xx Encores! cast)]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:edf00448-7f33-30ab-8065-0b145f74e5e2|Star Wars: The Original Radio Drama]] - [[Artist:056e19d1-e8aa-4b63-8e83-69556e8b31f3|Brian Daley]]
:: Live bootleg of a theatre cast with an unknown performance date, where only the performance season is known.
+
: Live bootleg of a theatre cast with a known performance date:
:* [[ReleaseGroup:948d25bc-5fdb-309a-96fd-fe4b2c2f1abd.html|Barnum (1980 original Broadway Cast)]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:789368ce-77b9-311b-8a30-cb852d14a414|The Little Mermaid]] (''2007-07-26 Denver cast'')
:* [[ReleaseGroup:2d1da92a-0667-3237-99df-5705d48ca3e0.html|Pacific Overtures (2004 Broadway revival cast)]]
+
: Live bootleg of a theatre cast with an unknown performance date, where only the performance season is known:
:* [[ReleaseGroup:8bec3b22-5770-4eea-b8ba-28aaef651169.html|Zorba (1983 Broadway revival cast)]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:fc880131-a062-36ef-98ba-27d6c94a9100|A Tree Grows in Brooklyn]] (''2005 Encores! cast'')
:: Studio recording of a musical theatre work
+
Theatre Style does not apply:
: '''Theatre Style does not apply''':
+
: These are operas. [[Style/Specific types of releases/Opera|Opera]], not Theatre Style, would apply:
:* [[ReleaseGroup:b7b5d294-fdc3-375a-99a8-5f0ed3e15ca4.html|Der Stein der Weisen]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:b7b5d294-fdc3-375a-99a8-5f0ed3e15ca4|Der Stein der Weisen]]
:* [[ReleaseGroup:ff8bbb92-90be-35c9-9e70-1a7a1ef3cd65.html|Le nozze di Figaro]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:ff8bbb92-90be-35c9-9e70-1a7a1ef3cd65|Le nozze di Figaro]]
:: These are operas, thus [[Style/Specific types of releases/Opera|Opera]], not Theatre Style, would apply.
+
: A musical theater-themed album is not automatically considered a “theatre release”:
:* [[ReleaseGroup:fbbd1e53-894c-3469-b2aa-d3448ebcb645.html|Digital Broadway]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:fbbd1e53-894c-3469-b2aa-d3448ebcb645|Digital Broadway]]
:* [[ReleaseGroup:0797dfe0-a424-39b8-b6c9-59a2661ce2a1.html|Hello Broadway]]
+
:* [[ReleaseGroup:0797dfe0-a424-39b8-b6c9-59a2661ce2a1|Hello Broadway]]
:: A musical theater-themed album is not automatically considered a “theatre release”.
 
  
  
 
{{StyleBox}}
 
{{StyleBox}}
 
[[Category:WikiDocs Page]]
 
[[Category:WikiDocs Page]]

Latest revision as of 19:16, 27 September 2016

Status: This is an official style guideline.

A “theatre” release is a recording of a work for the theatre involving music, songs, and/or spoken dialogue, occasionally also including dance. Typically these works are of a musical nature, but they may also be dramatic or comedic.

Applicability

This guideline specifically applies only to non-opera theatre releases. Depending on the release, it may be more appropriate to instead apply classical style (as used for opera) or audiobook style. Theatre Style also applies to soundtracks for television or film versions of musical theater shows.

Guidelines

Release Type

The release type should be “Soundtrack”, even for live cast recordings. “Compilation” should only be used for a true compilation. The presence of multiple complete or nearly-complete shows on the same release does not make the release type compilation.

Artist Credits

The recording artist credit should be to the performer. If the performer is unknown, use the Special Purpose Artist [unknown]. In some cases, the performer may not be suitable for a separate artist (e.g. “Full cast”, “Ensemble”, “Nun's Chorus”). In such cases, link the Special Purpose Artist [theatre], credited as it appears on the release.

Track Artist Credits should be as listed on the release. In most cases this will be the writers. Again, in some cases, the credited artist may not be suitable for a separate artist (e.g. “Full cast”, “Ensemble”, “Nun's Chorus”). In such cases, use the Special Purpose Artist [theatre], credited as it appears on the release. If there are no credited per-track artists, use the release artist, or the track’s composer if there is no clear release artist.

In most cases, the release group and release artist credit should be to the writers, rather than performers, which should be indicated using relationships. Casts should be indicated using disambiguation comments.

For most theatre releases which are non-musical, artist credit should be to the writer/author of the work. The Special Purpose Artist [unknown] should be used for those cases where the writer is unknown.

Make sure to add the appropriate relationships for all writers as well.

Standardised collaborations

The following commonly credited composer/lyricist collaborations should be expressed as joint artist credits to the composer and lyricist:

Disambiguation

The performance cast, including year, may be placed in the disambiguation comment. It should not be included in the title unless it is actually part of the release title. Examples:

  • Carousel (1956 film cast)
  • State Fair (1945 & 1962 film casts) (two different recordings, by two different casts, on the same release)

“Broadway revival cast” is correct, not “new Broadway cast”, as the 2004 Broadway cast is only the “new” cast until the next “newer” cast at some point in the future performs that same show in the same location. “Revival” should only be used within the cast information if “revival” or “new” appears on the liner; it should not be otherwise assumed.

Within the cast information, only proper nouns (e.g. “London”, “Broadway”, “Senator Theatre”) should be capitalized. All other words (e.g. “cast”, “original”, “demo”, “revival”) should be lower-cased.

Correct: Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast)

Incorrect: Allegro (1947 Original Broadway Cast)

Compilation

For compilations of songs from different shows not compiled as part of a theatrical revue, or where the songs are performed by different casts, do not include the cast information in the release and release group titles (unless it actually is part of the title of the release). Instead, the cast information should be placed in the recording disambiguation comments where necessary.

Cast information should be placed in each recording’s disambiguation comment:

Cast information should not be placed in each recording’s disambiguation comment:

  • The Magic of Broadway (Album by release artist 101 Strings Orchestra, no cast information relevant)
  • Allegro (1947 original Broadway cast) (Not a compilation. Cast information goes in the release’s disambiguation comment)

Note: The intent of this guideline is to avoid the creation of “Cast of (some show)” artists whenever possible. If it makes more sense to handle a special case differently, such as Glee Cast, then common sense should overrule this guideline.

Examples

Note: italics denotes disambiguation comment.

Theatre Style applies:

Studio recording of a musical theatre work:
Soundtracks to films based upon musical theatre shows:
Demo cast recording for a musical theatre work:
Non-musical theatre release, using the writer as the artist:
Live bootleg of a theatre cast with a known performance date:
Live bootleg of a theatre cast with an unknown performance date, where only the performance season is known:

Theatre Style does not apply:

These are operas. Opera, not Theatre Style, would apply:
A musical theater-themed album is not automatically considered a “theatre release”:


Style
Overview
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